Caryophyllia ambrosia caribbeana Cairns, 1979

Reyes, Javier, Santodomingo, Nadiezhda & Cairns, Stephen, 2009, Caryophylliidae (Scleractinia) from the Colombian Caribbean, Zootaxa 2262 (1), pp. 1-39 : 8

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2262.1.1

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/4B4287D6-FF90-DC2B-A187-FF29FAF9FECD

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Caryophyllia ambrosia caribbeana Cairns, 1979
status

 

Caryophyllia ambrosia caribbeana Cairns, 1979

Figs. 2F–G View FIGURE 2

Caryophyllia communis var. costata Pourtalès, 1880: 100 , pl. 1, figs. 12–13.

Caryophyllia ambrosia Boone, 1928: 7–8 , pls. 2–3.— Keller, 1975: 180, pl. 2, figs. 5–8.

? Caryophyllia clavus Lewis, 1965: 1063.

Caryophyllia ambrosia caribbeana Cairns, 1979: 56–59 , pl V, fig 4, pl VI, figs 1–3, 9.—Lattig, 2000: 114–115, fig. 59.— Reyes et al., 2005: 324 (listed).— Kitahara, 2007: 500–501, fig. 2L. — Santodomingo et al., 2007: 286 (listed).

Remarks: This species is one of the most abundant azooxanthellate coral species inhabiting the deep soft and muddy bottoms along the Colombian Caribbean. The solitary and free corallites exhibit a base slightly curved (45º to 90º). Some larger corallites present a light brown pigmentation, while the smaller ones are white. Colombian material fit in the size range described by Cairns (1979).

Distribution: Widespread species, along the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, from Florida to Uruguay; between 183 m and 1646 m depth ( Cairns 1979). In Colombia, it has been collected from La Guajira Peninsula to the Gulf of Uraba, between 200 and 814 m depth.

Material: USNM 45972 View Materials , holotype , P-388; USNM 45973 View Materials , 15 specimens , P-394; USNM 48945 View Materials , O-4907; USNM 48940 View Materials , O-4911; USNM 48925 View Materials , O-10825; INV CNI350 , 1 specimen , E7; INV CNI351 , 1 specimen , E8; INV CNI352 , 10 specimens , E25; INV CNI353 , 25 specimens , E26; INV CNI354 , 8 specimens , E30; INV CNI355 , 15 specimens , E35; INV CNI356 , 22 specimens , E36; INV CNI357 , 14 specimens , E37; INV CNI358 , 1 specimen , E37; INV CNI359 , 2 specimens , E38; INV CNI360 , 2 specimens , E49; INV CNI361 , 7 specimens , E54; INV CNI362 , 1 specimen , E55; INV CNI363 , 1 specimen , E60; INV CNI364 , 7 specimens , E63; INV CNI365 , 10 specimens , E64; INV CNI366 , 1 specimen , E64; INV CNI367 , 14 specimens , E67; INV CNI368 , 5 specimens , E68; INV CNI369 , 1 specimen , E71; INV CNI370 , 4 specimens , E75; INV CNI371 , 1 specimen , E5; INV CNI372 , 1 specimen , E46; INV CNI373 , 2 specimens , E59; INV CNI374 , 1 specimen , E76; INV CNI375 , 1 specimen , E78; INV CNI657 , 1 specimen , E140; INV CNI658 , 1 specimen , E150; INV CNI659 , 1 specimen , E150; INV CNI660 , 2 specimens , E154; INV CNI661 , 16 specimens , E153; INV CNI662 , 30 specimens , E153; INV CNI663 , 2 specimens , E113; INV CNI2675 , 4 specimens , D9.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Scleractinia

Family

Caryophylliidae

Genus

Caryophyllia

Loc

Caryophyllia ambrosia caribbeana Cairns, 1979

Reyes, Javier, Santodomingo, Nadiezhda & Cairns, Stephen 2009
2009
Loc

Caryophyllia ambrosia caribbeana

Kitahara, M. V. 2007: 500
Santodomingo, N. & Reyes, J. & Gracia, A. & Martinez, A. & Ojeda, G. & Garcia, C. 2007: 286
Reyes, J. & Santodomingo, N. & Gracia, A. & Borrero-Perez, G. & Navas, G. & Mejia-Ladino, L. M. & Bermudez, A. & Benavides, M. 2005: 324
Cairns, S. D. 1979: 59
1979
Loc

Caryophyllia

Lewis, J. B. 1965: 1063
1965
Loc

Caryophyllia ambrosia

Keller, N. B. 1975: 180
Boone, L. 1928: 8
1928
Loc

Caryophyllia communis var. costata Pourtalès, 1880: 100

Pourtales, L. F. 1880: 100
1880