Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoae Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553 : 29553

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/2DB211E5-CB8B-4821-9DF6-4341A2E13252

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:2DB211E5-CB8B-4821-9DF6-4341A2E13252

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoae Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoae Fleming & Wood   ZBK   sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0015985 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0015985; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAP014-06, 06-SRNP-57540, BOLD:AAA1698; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaeliethcantillanoae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: eliethcantillanoae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Tibio Perla; verbatimElevation: 330; verbatimLatitude: 10.7626; verbatimLongitude: -85.4298; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7626; decimalLongitude: -85.4298; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Omiodescuniculalis; verbatimEventDate: 02-Sep-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0016011 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0016011; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAP040-06, 06-SRNP-57589, BOLD:AAA1698; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaeliethcantillanoae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: eliethcantillanoae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Tibio Perla; verbatimElevation: 330; verbatimLatitude: 10.7626; verbatimLongitude: -85.4298; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7626; decimalLongitude: -85.4298; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Omiodescuniculalis; verbatimEventDate: 31-Aug-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0048627 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada; individualID: DHJPAR0048627; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA2169-12, 12-SRNP-70590,; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaeliethcantillanoae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: eliethcantillanoae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Pitilla; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebradona; verbatimElevation: 475; verbatimLatitude: 10.991; verbatimLongitude: -85.3954; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.991; decimalLongitude: -85.3954; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Omiodesfulvicauda; verbatimEventDate: 12-Apr-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0015991 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0015991; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAP020-06, 06-SRNP-57542, BOLD:AAA1698; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaeliethcantillanoae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: eliethcantillanoae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Tibio Perla; verbatimElevation: 330; verbatimLatitude: 10.7626; verbatimLongitude: -85.4298; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7626; decimalLongitude: -85.4298; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Omiodescuniculalis; verbatimEventDate: 02-Sep-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0015979 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0015979; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAP008-06, 06-SRNP-57601, BOLD:AAA1698; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaeliethcantillanoae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: eliethcantillanoae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Tibio Perla; verbatimElevation: 330; verbatimLatitude: 10.7626; verbatimLongitude: -85.4298; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7626; decimalLongitude: -85.4298; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Omiodescuniculalis; verbatimEventDate: 02-Sep-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0016002 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0016002; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAP031-06, 06-SRNP-57575, BOLD:AAA1698; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaeliethcantillanoae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: eliethcantillanoae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Tibio Perla; verbatimElevation: 330; verbatimLatitude: 10.7626; verbatimLongitude: -85.4298; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7626; decimalLongitude: -85.4298; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Omiodescuniculalis; verbatimEventDate: 01-Sep-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Male (Fig. 14). Length: 5-9 mm. Head (Fig. 14b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle gold, concolorous with fronto-orbital plate; fronto-orbital plate gold over 75% of surface, densely setulose, setulae not extending beyond lowest frontal seta; parafacial shiny silver and bare; facial ridge bare; pedicel black, concolorous with postpedicel; arista black, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus yellow and haired. Thorax (Fig. 14a, c): thorax gold tomentose dorsally, grey tomentose laterally; four narrow yet prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, reaching just beyond 1st postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 3-5 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 4:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 3:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to subapical scutellar setae; lateral scutellar setae 4/5 length of basal setae; subapical setae straight and divergent; apical scutellar short and weak, 1/3 length of subapical scutellar setae, erect and crossed midway along length; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than apical scutellar setae, but only slightly narrower than subapical scutellar setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 14c): black throughout; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 14a): clear translucent, not infuscate; vein R4+5 with two setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 14a, c): ground colour black; middorsal depression on ST1+2 reaching hind margin; abdominal tomentum present as gold bands spanning anterior 70% of T3-T4; T5 entirely gold tomentose; median marginal setae present on ST1+2 and T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae present on T3-T5; sex patch absent. Terminalia (Fig. 14d, e, f): anterior margin of sternite 5 (Fig. 14f) with a slight curved medial depression, posterior margin with a deeply excavated median cleft, smoothly U-shaped; posterior lobes of sternite rounded, toothed apically and completely devoid of any setae; anterior plate of sternite 5 1/5 as long as apical lobes, slightly translucent throughout, not as sclerotised as lobes. Unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft umbonate, central portion of "window" 2X as long as median cleft, "arms" extending 2X as wide as median cleft. Cerci (Fig. 14d) in posterior view subrectangular and slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and rounded off towards apex, completely separate medially, diverging slightly at tips; in lateral view (Fig. 14e) strongly tapered along anterior 1/3 and weakly curved at beginning of taper; densely setulose dorsally up to taper point, apparently bare ventrally (visible in lateral view). Surstylus in lateral view slightly swollen basally, otherwise almost parallel-sided with rounded ends; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing weakly divergent and slightly open at tips. Pregonite broad and well-developed, slightly bent; basal 2/3 slightly cinched, giving it a very slightly clubbed appearance, apically rounded, devoid of setulae. Postgonite elongate and slender, horn-shaped, subequal in length to pregonite. Distiphallus sail-shaped, apically flared, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining the plate of opposite side on anterior surface near apex.

Female. Length: 6-9 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoae   sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga   species by the following combination of traits: pedicel and arista concolorous black, four postsutural dorsocentral setae, four thoracic vittae with inner pair solid across suture, hind coxa setose, discal setae present only on T3-T5 and T5 entirely gold tomentose.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoae   sp. n. is named in recognition of Elieth Cantillano Espinoza's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Alajuela and Guanacaste Provinces, 10-470 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoae   sp. n. has been reared 386 times from two species of Lepidoptera   in the family Crambidae   , Omiodes cuniculalis   Guenée, 1854 and Omiodes fulvicauda   (Hampson, 1898); in rain forest, dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrade.