Cyrtopholis major ( Franganillo, 1926 )

Fabiano-Da-Silva, Willian, Guadanucci, José Paulo Leite, Lucas, Giraldo Alayón Garcia Sylvia Marlene & Dasilva, Marcio Bernardino, 2020, Taxonomy of the genus Cyrtopholis Simon, 1892 (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae): Cuban species described by Pelegrín Franganillo Balboa, Zootaxa 4779 (1), pp. 79-90 : 83-84

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4779.1.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:31C5D7C9-D3D6-4FB7-8EEE-C47674BF0224

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3850265

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/4E6A357A-A86F-D175-FF38-A861E42DA951

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cyrtopholis major ( Franganillo, 1926 )
status

 

Cyrtopholis major ( Franganillo, 1926)

( Figs 10–14 View FIGURES 10–14 )

Cyclosternum majus Franganillo, 1926: 44 , comb.: Franganillo, 1931: 171 ( Cyrtopholis debilis bispinosa ).

Type-material: Holotype female ( IES 34 ) from Luyan (2310’S 8234’W), Havana, Cuba. Two paratypes, one female ( IES 36 ) and one juvenile ( IES 44 ), same data of holotype.

Diagnosis: females of Cyrtopholis major can be distinguished from those of all other species by the aspect of the spermathecae: it is the only species with seminal receptacles without a subapical constriction ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Anterior, middle and posterior sternal sigilla elongated and near the margin ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Labium with numerous cuspules (88) ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10–14 ), similar to C. unispina (69 cuspules). The specific epithet refers to the size of lateral eyes (ALE and PLE), that are larger (0.45 mm) than the others (PME, 0.25 mm and PLE, 0.35 mm) ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Absence of projection on cephalothorax, such as hump ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 20–24 ), present in C. gibbosa , C. regibbosa and C. bryantae .

Redescription: Holotype female (IES 34). Coloration (in ethanol 70%): carapace light brown ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Abdomen light brown ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 10–14 ), sternum and legs dark yellow. Total length: 30.0. Carapace ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 10–14 ): length 12.3, width 11.0, fovea straight ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Clypeus narrow 0.1. Eye tubercle ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 10–14 ): length 1.5, width 3.0. Anterior and posterior eyes row recurved ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Eyes sizes: AME 0.35, ALE 0.45, PME 0.25, PLE 0.45. Basal segments of chelicerae with 11 teeth each. Labium ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10–14 ) length 1.3, width 3.0. Sternum elongated ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10–14 ) length 6.0, width 5.2. Sternal sigillae elongated anterior, median and posterior near margin ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10–14 ). Labium ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10–14 ) with 88 cuspules. Maxillae with 94–104 (left–right) cuspules. Spinulation of legs and palp. Tarsi without spines. Palp: femur: v0, p0–0–0–1, r0; patella: v0, p0, r0; tibia: v0, p0–0–1, r0. Leg I: femur: v0, p0, r0; patella: v0, p0, r0; tibia v0, p0, r0; metatarsus v0–0–1, p0, r0. Leg II: femur: v0, p0, r0; patella: v0, p0, r0; tibia v0, p0, r0; metatarsus v0, p0, r0. Leg III: femur: v0, p0, r0; patella: v0, p0, r0; tibia v0–2–2, p1–1–1, r0–1–1; metatarsus v0–1–1–1, p0–1–1–0 r0–1–0–0. Leg IV: femur: v0, p0, r0; patella: v0, p0, r0; tibia: v0–2–2–2–0, p0–0–0–1–0, r0–0–0–1–1; metatarsus v2–2–2–2–1–3, p0–1–0–0–0–1, r1–1–1–1–1–1. Tarsal scopula: undivided on all tarsi and extended to metatarsi. Scopula on metatarsi: I and II 3/4, III and IV absent. Spermatheca ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 10–14 ) composed of two receptacles without subapical constriction, and without any lateral branches. Abdomen ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 10–14 ): urticating setae type I and type III.

Males: unknown. Additional examined material: One female (IES 3.4205) from El Zapote de Mandinga, Baracoa, Cuba,

I.1979, M. L. Jaume leg. Two females ( IES 3.4211 ) from Caunao Cumanayagua , Finca San José, Cienfuegos, Cuba ,

09.IX.1953. M. L. Jaume leg. Distribution: Cuba: Havana , Baracoa and Cienfuegos.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theraphosidae

Genus

Cyrtopholis

Loc

Cyrtopholis major ( Franganillo, 1926 )

Fabiano-Da-Silva, Willian, Guadanucci, José Paulo Leite, Lucas, Giraldo Alayón Garcia Sylvia Marlene & Dasilva, Marcio Bernardino 2020
2020
Loc

Cyclosternum majus

Franganillo, B. P. 1931: 171
Franganillo, B. P. 1926: 44
1926