Chalepus sanguinicollis (Linnaeus)

Clark, Shawn M., Lillrose, Tiffany & Belo Neto, Luiz A., 2013, Leaf Beetles of the Cayman Islands (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Insecta Mundi 2013 (279), pp. 1-41: 10-12

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5175767

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:50B509BC-A8F0-4F02-8DD4-2E5823EFBBA4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4F725324-FF8A-193F-5585-F9D35F04FA3A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Chalepus sanguinicollis (Linnaeus)
status

 

Chalepus sanguinicollis (Linnaeus)  

( Figure 3)

Hispa sanguinicollis Linnaeus 1771: 530   .

Odontota axillaris Jacquelin du Val 1857: 313   .

Odontota stigmula Chapuis 1877: 11   .

Chalepus (Chalepus) scutellaris Pic 1931: 14   .

Chalepus sanguinicollis, var. australis Uhmann 1935: 239   .

Chalepus hebalus Sanderson 1951: 160   .

Diagnosis. Adults are black with the prothorax and base of the elytra red. This coloration alone is sufficient to distinguish this species from all other chrysomelids known to occur in the Cayman Islands. The red elytral markings vary dramatically in extent. In some specimens they are limited to the humeri and adjacent area. In others, they extend most of the elytral length, leaving only the elytral apex black. In most, they are intermediate between these extremes.

Material examined. None from the Cayman Islands. The specimen illustrated in Figure 3 is from Cuba. Extralimital distribution. This species occurs in the United States (Florida) and is widespread in the West Indies, as well as in mainland America from Mexico to Argentina ( Takizawa 2003, Staines 2009).

Plant associations. This species has been associated with various species of Poaceae   , including Digitaria insularis   (L.) Mez ex Ekman, Panicum leucophaeum Kunth   , Paspalum densum Poir.   , and Sorghastrum setosum (Griseb.) Hitchc. ( Clark et al. 2004)   .

Comments. Although we have not examined any Cayman Islands specimens and are not aware of any literature records, Lyle Buss (personal communication) has sent us a photograph of a specimen that was collected there. He did not send an actual specimen, but we have no doubt regarding the identification. Some publications, such as Wilcox (1975), recognize three subspecies of C. sanguinicollis   : C. sanguinicollis sanguinicollis (Linnaeus)   , C. sanguinicollis axillaris Jacquelin du Val   , and C. sanguinicollis australis Uhmann. However   , in a personal communication from Charles L. Staines, a taxonomic specialist on leaf mining Cassidinae   , he states that he regards all of these as mere color forms of a single variable species, and that he cannot find any consistent morphological characters to warrant their separation into distinct taxa.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Chrysomelidae

Genus

Chalepus

Loc

Chalepus sanguinicollis (Linnaeus)

Clark, Shawn M., Lillrose, Tiffany & Belo Neto, Luiz A. 2013
2013
Loc

Chalepus hebalus

Sanderson, M. W. 1951: 160
1951
Loc

Chalepus sanguinicollis, var. australis Uhmann 1935: 239

Uhmann, E. 1935: 239
1935
Loc

Chalepus (Chalepus) scutellaris

Pic, M. 1931: 14
1931
Loc

Odontota stigmula

Chapuis, F. 1877: 11
1877
Loc

Odontota axillaris

Jacquelin du Val, P. N. C. 1857: 313
1857
Loc

Hispa sanguinicollis

Linnaeus, C. 1771: 530
1771