Loxiorhiza cervinalis ( Pagenstecher, 1892 )

Queiroz-Santos, Luziany, Casagrande, Mirna Martins & Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik, 2021, Taxonomic revision of the monotypic genera of Siculodini (Lepidoptera, Thyridoidea, Thyrididae, Siculodinae), Zootaxa 4920 (2), pp. 235-253: 242

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4920.2.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0A5D8BEB-2156-4198-B59E-C99565BCB2E0

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4519949

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/581E6933-BD1A-FF89-FF20-01AE0BEC27D0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Loxiorhiza cervinalis ( Pagenstecher, 1892 )
status

 

Loxiorhiza cervinalis ( Pagenstecher, 1892)  

( Figs 3 View FIGURES 3–4 , 7 View FIGURE 7 , 11 View FIGURES 9–12 , 14 View FIGURES 13–14 , 16 View FIGURE 16 )

Siculodes (Zeuzerodes) cervinalis Pagenstecher, 1892   . Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift. “Iris” 5: 82; 2 females [recte 1 male and 1 female] [syntypes], Chanchamayo , [Junín], South of Peru, Staudinger collection, [MfN].

Rhodoneura cervinalis   ; Hampson, 1897. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1897 (1): 616.

Loxiorhiza cervinalis   ; Warren, 1904. Novitates Zoologicae, 11 (1): 494.— Dalla Torre, 1914. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 20: 37.— Gaede, 1936, in Seitz. Die Gross -Schmetterlinge des Amerikanischen Faunengebietes. Die amerikanischen Spinner und Schwärmer 6: 1204, fig. 180h (d).— Whalley, 1964. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (13) 7 (74): 122.— Whalley & Heppner, 1995, Thyridoidea, in Becker et al. Checklist: Part 2, Hyblaeoidea–Pyraloidea–Tortricoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera 3: 32.

Taxonomic history. Pagenstecher (1892) described the species, without illustration, based on two females [syntypes] from Chanchamayo, [Junín], Peru. The species was allocated to the subgenus Zeuzerodes   , but this combination was not followed by subsequent authors. Finally, the species was transferred by Hampson (1897) to Rhodoneura   and then by Warren (1904) to Loxiorhiza   .

Type material. Pagenstecher (1892) described the species based on two females from Chanchamayo, [Junín], Peru. The description alluded to the alar morphology and a tuft of setae on the inner margin of the hindwing, exclusive in males, which indicates that the description was based on the male as well. Two syntypes were found in the MfN. To give stability to the proposed name and ensure the correct identification of the species, the male syntype is herein designated as the lectotype and the female as the paralectotypes. Lectotype with the following labels: / Origin. / Chanchamayo / 555 / Siculodes cervinalis Pag.   /, and the following labels will be added: / LECTOTYPE / LECTOTYPE Zeuzerodes (Siculodes) cervinalis Pagenstecher, 1892   , Queiroz-Santos, Casagrande & Mielke det. 2020 /. Paralectotype with the following labels: / Origin. / Original / Chanchamayo, Thamm / Zeuzerodes (Siculodes) cervinalis Pg.   / 14:7 /, and the following labels will be added: / PARALECTOTYPE / PARALECTOTYPE Zeuzerodes (Siculodes) cervinalis Pagenstecher, 1892   , Queiroz-Santos, Casagrande & O. Mielke det. 2020 /.

Redescription. As for genus.

Geographic distribution ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 ). PERU: Iquitos   : Loreto, Amazon river   ; Junín: Chanchamayo   ; Puno: Carabaya, Santo Domingo. BRAZIL: Pará: Santarém, Taperinha Farm   ; Rondônia: Cacaulândia , Rancho Grande Farm   ; Ceará: Guaramiranga   ; Goiás: Leopoldo Bulhıes   ; Mato Grosso do Sul: Miranda, Salobra, Serra da Bodoquena   ; Minas Gerais: Aiuruoca   ; Espírito Santo: Santa Leopoldina, Biriricas   , Tirol   ; Paraná: Ponta Grossa , Vila Velha. BOLIVIA   : Santa Cruz: Buenavista. ARGENTINA   : Santiago del Estero.

Natural history. Immature stages and host plant unknown. Based on label data, the species occurs both in forest and cerrado and adults were caught in January, March to June and August to November.

Examined material (13 Ƌ, 11 ♀ total).

PERU: Iquitos   : Loreto, Amazon river, 1 Ƌ, 9–12, 17–21.IX. 1991, 200m, Ron Leuschner leg. (MGCL); Junín: Chanchamayo, 1 Ƌ (Lectotype of Zeuzerodes (Siculodes) cervinalis   ), 1 ♀ (Paralectotype of Zeuzerodes (Siculodes) cervinalis   ), 1 Ƌ (MfN); Puno: Carabaya, Santo Domingo, 1 Ƌ, V. 1902, 1830m, Ockenden leg., NHMUK 010921610 (NHMUK).

BRAZIL: Pará: Santarém, Taperinha Farm , 1 ♀, 19.II.1918 ( USNM)   ; Rondônia: Cacaulândia, 1 Ƌ, XI. 1994   , 140m, V. O. Becker leg., MVOB 95618 (MVOB), Rancho Grande Farm , 1 Ƌ, III. 1999   , 350m, R. Alves dos Santos leg. (MWM); Ceará: Guaramiranga , 1 ♀, 9.IV.1994, 1000m, V. O. Becker leg., MVOB 92013 ( MVOB)   ; Goiás: Leopoldo Bulhıes , 1 ♀, X.1935, R. Spitz leg., NHMUK 010921560 View Materials ( NHMUK)   ; Mato Grosso do Sul: Miranda, Salobra, 2 Ƌ, III.1940 ( CEIOC), Serra da Bodoquena , 1 Ƌ, XI.1941 ( CEIOC)   ; Minas Gerais: Aiuruoca , 1 ♀, 10– 12.X.2018, 1300m, 22°00’S 44°38’W, V. O. Becker leg., MVOB 157430 ( MVOB) GoogleMaps   ; Espírito Santo: Santa Leopoldina, 1 Ƌ, 1897, Michaelis leg. ( MfN), Biriricas , 1 ♀, I.   1998, 700m, H. Thöny leg., MWM 19.195 ( MWM), Tirol , 1 ♀, VI.1998, 1 ♀, VI.   1999, 700m, H. Thöny leg. ( MWM)   ; Paraná: Ponta Grossa, Vila Velha , 2 ♀, 11.X.2017, C. Mielke leg., CGCM 34.135, CGCM 34.133 ( CGCM)   . BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz: Buenavista , 1 Ƌ, VIII–X.1906, 1 ♀, 2 Ƌ, VIII.1906 – IV.   1907, 750m, Steinbach leg., NHMUK 010921576 View Materials , NHMUK 010921618 View Materials , NHMUK 010921527 View Materials , NHMUK 010921617 View Materials ( NHMUK)   . ARGENTINA: Santiago del Estero: 1 ♀, 1905–1906, J. Steinbach leg., NHMUK 10921600 View Materials ( NHMUK)   .

MfN

Museum für Naturkunde

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Thyrididae

Genus

Loxiorhiza

Loc

Loxiorhiza cervinalis ( Pagenstecher, 1892 )

Queiroz-Santos, Luziany, Casagrande, Mirna Martins & Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik 2021
2021
Loc

Loxiorhiza

Warren 1904
1904
Loc

Siculodes (Zeuzerodes) cervinalis

Pagenstecher 1892
1892
Loc

Zeuzerodes

Pagenstecher 1892
1892
Loc

Rhodoneura

Guenee 1858
1858