Opisthacanthus fischeri,

Monod, Lionel, Duperre, Nadine & Harms, Danilo, 2019, An annotated catalogue of the scorpion types (Arachnida, Scorpiones) held in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Part I: Parvorder Iurida Soleglad & Fet, 2003, Evolutionary Systematics 3 (2), pp. 109-200: 109

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scientific name

Opisthacanthus fischeri


Opisthacanthus fischeri  Fig. 36View Figure 36

Opisthacanthus fischeri  Kraepelin, 1911: 74, 79

Current senior synonym.

Opisthacanthus (Nepabellus) rugiceps  Pocock, 1897 [synonymized by Lourenço 1987: 915]


( Fig. 36 A–CView Figure 36) ♂ ( ZMH-A0001092), Deutsch-Ostafrika [German East Africa = Kenya-Tanzania border], Nguruman [1°54 ’09” S, 36°00 ’18” E], Gebiet des Kilimandjaro [Kilimanjaro area], Maragoya-Tembo [3°26 ’30” S, 37°15 ’37” E], 19.01.1884, Gustav A. Fischer leg. ( ZMH, typ. Kat. Scorpio  . Nr. 79 (9211-9212)).


1 ♂ ( ZMH-A0001066), 1 ♀ ( Fig. 36 D–FView Figure 36, ZMH-A0001091) same data as lectotype.


A male is designated as lectotype and the two remaining specimens as paralectotypes.

Remarks on collector.

Gustav Adolf Fischer (1848-1886) was a German explorer who practiced as a military physician. In October 1882, he travelled to western Africa with the support of the Geographical Society of Hamburg ( Fischer 1885a, b). He reached the Maasai Country from the mouth of the Pangani River, traveling all the way up to Lake Naivasha and the southern foothills of Kilimandjaro. He returned to Germany in November 1883.