Aquattuor udzungwensis Enghoff, 2015

Enghoff, Henrik, 2020, A mountain of millipedes VIII. The genus Aquattuor Frederiksen, 2013 revisited - a new species from the Udzungwa Mts, Tanzania, another from the Nguru Mts, and introduction of the first pair of male legs as a source of taxonomic characters (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 626, pp. 1-32: 24-28

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.626

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D91881D6-55D8-48FC-A383-069BC643A91E

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3808336

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5C11879E-FFA1-FFC1-FDEA-EA60FAFE156F

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Aquattuor udzungwensis Enghoff, 2015
status

 

Aquattuor udzungwensis Enghoff, 2015  

Figs 1 View Fig , 2 View Fig , 7 View Fig D–E, 9, 17–18

Aquattuor udzungwensis Enghoff, in Enghoff & Frederiksen, 2015: 13   View Cited Treatment .

Diagnosis

Diameter 1.44–1.75 mm, 44–54 podous rings ( Fig. 9 View Fig ). Shares a short (as broad as long, or slightly longer) gonopodal palette with A. claudiahempae   , A. denticulatus   , A. fasciatus   , A. stereosathe   and A. submajor   . Differs from these species by having the telopodite of the first pair of male legs represented by the prefemur only, and by having the basal telomeral lamella forming a subspherical chamber with a spinose, lid-like flap.

Material studied (total: 302 ♂♂, 120 ♀♀)

TANZANIA • 4 ♂♂, paratypes; Iringa Region, Udzungwa Mts, Udzungwa Scarp FR, above Chita Village ; 730 m a.s.l.; 25–29 Oct. 1984; N. Scharff leg.; pitfall traps in lowland rain forest; NHMD 621656   16 ♂♂, 13 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Kidatu, Plot 1; 07°41′13.5″ S, 36°56′28.6″ E; 650 m a.s.l.; 24 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from seven traps); NHMD 621657 GoogleMaps   1 ♂, 4 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Kidatu, Plot 2; 07°41′14.9″ S, 36°56′24.7″ E; 650 m a.s.l.; 24 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping; NHMD 621658 GoogleMaps   45 ♂♂, 12 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Kidatu, Plot 3; 07°41′02.4″ S, 36°55′49.3″ E; 1005 m a.s.l.; 14 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from twelve traps); NHMD 621659 GoogleMaps   24 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Kidatu, Plot 4; 07°41′05.2″ S, 36°55′48.4″ E; 993 m a.s.l.; 15 Sep. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from eight traps); NHMD 621660 GoogleMaps   8 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Kidatu, Plot 7; 07°41′23.4″ S, 36°56′00.7″ E; 708 m a.s.l.; 24 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from six traps); NHMD 621661 GoogleMaps   167 ♂♂, 68 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Kidatu, Plot 8; 07°41′12.9″ S, 36°55′39.2″ E; 978 m a.s.l.; 14 Oct.2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from eleven traps); NHMD 621662 GoogleMaps   2 ♂♂; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Mito Mitatu, Plot 13; 07°50′29.6″ S, 36°52′01.3″ E; 674 m a.s.l.; 26 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres- Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from two traps); NHMD 621663 GoogleMaps   5 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Mito Mitatu, Plot 14; 07°50′26.1″ S, 36°51′33.0″ E; 1006 m a.s.l.; 26 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from four traps); NHMD 621664 GoogleMaps   1 ♂; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park , Mito Mitatu, Plot MM2; 07°50′15.1″ S, 36°50′49.9″ E; 1109 m a.s.l.; T. Pape and N. Scharff leg.; pitfall trapping; NHMD 621665 GoogleMaps   13 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Scarp Catchment Forest Reserve , Chita, Plot 16; 08°30′13.4″ S, 35°55′08.9″ E; 659 m a.s.l.; 31 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres-Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from seven traps); NHMD 621666 GoogleMaps   19 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀; Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Scarp Catchment Forest Reserve , Chita, Plot 17; 08°29′58.1″ S, 35°54′59.5″ E; 908 m a.s.l.; 30 Oct. 2014; J. Malumbres- Olarte leg.; pitfall trapping (summed catch from six traps); NHMD 621667 GoogleMaps   .

Descriptive notes

The newly studied specimens on average have more podous rings than those studied by Enghoff & Frederiksen (2015) ( Fig. 9 View Fig ). In particular, the specimens from Kidatu and Mito Mitatu have more podous rings (49–54, most specimens 53), whereas the new specimens from Chita (49–51 podous rings) overlap with the previously studied ones; see also Discussion.

First pair of male legs ( Fig. 7 View Fig D–E): prefemoral processes finger-shaped to triangular; telopodital podomeres distal to prefemur missing in all studied specimens; see Discussion.

Gonopod telopodite ( Fig. 17 View Fig ): basal telomeral lamella (btl) forming a subspherical chamber with a spinose, lid-like flap, cf. A. submajor   and remarks below.

Remarks – The distinction between A. submajor   and A. udzungwensis  

The distinction between A. udzungwensis   and A. submajor   according to Enghoff & Frederiksen (2015) is quite subtle. The newly studied material has contributed to a better understanding of the differences between these two species. Among the differences stated by Enghoff & Frederiksen (2015), the shape of the meso-posterior lamella of the telomere seems to be the only reliable one ( Figs 16–17 View Fig View Fig ). The mesoposterior lamella is high and basally angled in A. udzungwensis   , and towards the tip of the telomere, the lamella narrows gradually. In A. submajor   , the lamella is lower, not angled, and not narrowing so strongly towards the tip.

However, two new clear differences can now be added:

• The basal telomeral lamella (btl) in A. udzungwensis   has a small, spinose, lid-like flap (spl) ( Fig. 17 View Fig ); such a flap is absent in A. submajor   ( Fig. 16 View Fig ).

• In all dissected males of A. udzungwensis   (> 10), collected in several parts of the Udzungwa Mts, the telopodites of the first leg-pair are strongly reduced distal to the prefemur ( Fig. 7 View Fig D–E). Only tiny, somewhat irregular and darkened remnants are present, suggesting that their absence may be due to some physical damage inflicted on the male. In all examined males of A. submajor   , the telopodites are normal ( Fig. 7 View Fig A–C).

For both species, the newly studied material considerably widens their size range: newly studied specimens of A. submajor   have fewer podous rings and a smaller body diameter than those studied by Enghoff & Frederiksen (2015); in A. udzungwensis   the newly studied specimens tend to have more podous rings than those previously studied, while there is a marked difference in diameter. These differences may, at least in part, be correlated with altitude: both species show a clear decrease of numbers of podous rings with increasing altitude from mostly> 50 podous rings at 600–900 m altitude to <46 rings at 1400–1550 m altitude ( Fig. 18 View Fig ).

Distribution

Known from several localities in the Udzungwa Mts ( Fig. 1 View Fig ). Altitudinal range: 650–1410 m a.s.l.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Diplopoda

Order

Spirostreptida

Family

Odontopygidae

Genus

Aquattuor

Loc

Aquattuor udzungwensis Enghoff, 2015

Enghoff, Henrik 2020
2020
Loc

Aquattuor udzungwensis Enghoff, in Enghoff & Frederiksen, 2015: 13

Enghoff H. & Frederiksen S. B. 2015: 13
2015