Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether, 1982

Mendes, Humberto Fonseca & Andersen, Trond, 2008, A review of Antillocladius Saether and Litocladius Mendes, Andersen et Saether, with the description of two new Neotropical genera (Diptera, Chironomidae, Orthocladiinae), Zootaxa 1887 (1), pp. 1-75 : 36

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1887.1.1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5134503

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/5C31878A-FFD9-FFE9-6AAD-FE3B566CA12D

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether
status

 

Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether

Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether, 1982: 474 , Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–6 ; Saether (1984: 1, Figs 1–2 View FIGURES 1–2 ); Spies and Reiss (1996: 75); Mendes et al. (2004: 48).

Material examined: Type material as in Saether (1982). ECUADOR: Provincia Pichincha: Setor Palmeras, unión Rios Guajalito y Bricador , Bosque Protector Rio Guajalito , 00°14.925'N, 78°48.193'W, 1900 m a.s.l., 1 male, 4–10.ii.2000, light trap, F.M. Quesada GoogleMaps . MEXICO: Campeche: Reserva de la Biosfera Calakmul, Zona Arqueológica , 18°07'26.7''N, 89°48'56.7''W, 265 m a.s.l., 1 male, 20.ix.1997, light trap, A. Contreras-Ramos et al. ( ZMBN) GoogleMaps .

Diagnostic characters: The male can be separated from all other members of the genus by having numerous apical setae on the wing membrane, cell m 3+4. with several setae; setose squama; acrostichals in mid scutum, all more or less scalpellate; long virga; anal point long, tapering, with moderately strong lateral setae; and inferior volsella prominent with anterior digitiform projection equally long as and partly covering rounded posterior lobe. The pupa has thorn-like macrosetae, caudal spines on tergites, no pearl row on antennal sheath, and anal lobe not extended laterally.

Remarks: Antillocladius pluspilalus , A. yakyijeus , A. scalpellatus and A. subnubilus are only separable on the size of the virga and the chaetotaxy of squama and cell m 3+4. We retain the four species as separate species. However, further studies using different approaches should be carried out in order to clarify whether this is a single, widespread and variable species or four closely related species. A. pluspilalus is Nearctic-Neotropical, while the remaining three are Palaearctic.

Biology and distribution: The species was described from southeastern U.S.A., and has later been recorded from Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Mexico ( Spies & Reiss 1996; Mendes et al. 2004). It is described as male, pupa and larva. The larva was taken in a seep area on the shore of a reservoir in South Carolina, U.S.A. ( Saether 1984).

ZMBN

Museum of Zoology at the University of Bergen, Invertebrate Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Chironomidae

Genus

Antillocladius

Loc

Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether

Mendes, Humberto Fonseca & Andersen, Trond 2008
2008
Loc

Antillocladius pluspilalus

Mendes, H. F. & Andersen, T. & Saether, O. A. 2004: 48
Spies, M. & Reiss, F. 1996: 75
Saether, O. A. 1984: 1
Saether, O. A. 1982: 474
1982