Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether, 1982

Mendes, Humberto Fonseca & Andersen, Trond, 2008, A review of Antillocladius Saether and Litocladius Mendes, Andersen et Saether, with the description of two new Neotropical genera (Diptera, Chironomidae, Orthocladiinae), Zootaxa 1887 (1), pp. 1-75 : 36

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.1887.1.1


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Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether


Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether View in CoL

Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether, 1982: 474 View in CoL , Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–6 ; Saether (1984: 1, Figs 1–2 View FIGURES 1–2 ); Spies and Reiss (1996: 75); Mendes et al. (2004: 48).

Material examined: Type material as in Saether (1982). ECUADOR: Provincia Pichincha: Setor Palmeras, unión Rios Guajalito y Bricador , Bosque Protector Rio Guajalito , 00°14.925'N, 78°48.193'W, 1900 m a.s.l., 1 male, 4–10.ii.2000, light trap, F.M. Quesada GoogleMaps . MEXICO: Campeche: Reserva de la Biosfera Calakmul, Zona Arqueológica , 18°07'26.7''N, 89°48'56.7''W, 265 m a.s.l., 1 male, 20.ix.1997, light trap, A. Contreras-Ramos et al. ( ZMBN) GoogleMaps .

Diagnostic characters: The male can be separated from all other members of the genus by having numerous apical setae on the wing membrane, cell m 3+4. with several setae; setose squama; acrostichals in mid scutum, all more or less scalpellate; long virga; anal point long, tapering, with moderately strong lateral setae; and inferior volsella prominent with anterior digitiform projection equally long as and partly covering rounded posterior lobe. The pupa has thorn-like macrosetae, caudal spines on tergites, no pearl row on antennal sheath, and anal lobe not extended laterally.

Remarks: Antillocladius pluspilalus , A. yakyijeus , A. scalpellatus and A. subnubilus are only separable on the size of the virga and the chaetotaxy of squama and cell m 3+4. We retain the four species as separate species. However, further studies using different approaches should be carried out in order to clarify whether this is a single, widespread and variable species or four closely related species. A. pluspilalus is Nearctic-Neotropical, while the remaining three are Palaearctic.

Biology and distribution: The species was described from southeastern U.S.A., and has later been recorded from Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Mexico ( Spies & Reiss 1996; Mendes et al. 2004). It is described as male, pupa and larva. The larva was taken in a seep area on the shore of a reservoir in South Carolina, U.S.A. ( Saether 1984).


Museum of Zoology at the University of Bergen, Invertebrate Collection














Antillocladius pluspilalus Saether

Mendes, Humberto Fonseca & Andersen, Trond 2008

Antillocladius pluspilalus

Mendes, H. F. & Andersen, T. & Saether, O. A. 2004: 48
Spies, M. & Reiss, F. 1996: 75
Saether, O. A. 1984: 1
Saether, O. A. 1982: 474
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