Glyptapanteles johnnoyesi Arias-Penna, sp. nov.
Arias-Penna, Diana Carolina, Whitfield, James B., Janzen, Daniel H., Winifred Hallwachs,, Dyer, Lee A., Smith, M. Alex, Hebert, Paul D. N. & Fernandez-Triana, Jose L., 2019, A species-level taxonomic review and host associations of Glyptapanteles (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with an emphasis on 136 new reared species from Costa Rica and Ecuador, ZooKeys 890, pp. 1-685 : 1
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|Glyptapanteles johnnoyesi Arias-Penna, sp. nov.|
Body length 2.68 mm, antenna length 3.33 mm, fore wing length 2.68 mm.
Holotype: COSTA RICA • 1♀; 06-SRNP-32352, DHJPAR0012013; Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Sendero Mismo ; rain forest; 680 m; 10.98758, -85.41967; 18.vi.2006; Manuel Rios leg.; caterpillar collected in third instar; cocoon adhered to larva and the leaf substrate; adult parasitoid emerged on 26.vi.2006; ( CNC) GoogleMaps . Paratype. • 1 (0 ♀, 1♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-32383, DHJPAR0012021; same data as for holotype except: adult parasitoid emerged on 29.vi.2006; ( CNC) GoogleMaps .
Reared material. COSTA RICA: Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Sendero Cuestona : • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (1♀, 0 ♂); 05-SRNP-31619, DHJPAR0002894; rain forest; 640 m; 10.99455, -85.41461; 21.iv.2005; Petrona Rios leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoon adhered to larva and the leaf substrate; adult parasitoid emerged on 08.v.2005. • 1 (1♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-32559, DHJPAR0012014; same data as for preceding except: 25.vi.2006 GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; single gray beige cocoon glued to midrib of leaf, cocoon formed on 29.vi.2006; adult parasitoid emerged on 10.vii.2006.
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Estación Pitilla: • 1 (0 ♀, 1♂) (0 ♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-32635, DHJPAR0012098; rain forest; 675 m; 10.98931, -85.42581; 30.vi.2006; Calixto Moraga leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in second instar; a single beige cocoon adhered to the leaf substrate, cocoon formed on 06.vii.2006; adult parasitoid emerged on 15.vii.2006.
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Medrano: • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 1♂); 11-SRNP-70805, DHJPAR0043003; rain forest; 380 m; 11.01602, -85.38053; 01.iv.2011; Ricardo Calero leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoon adhered to the larval cuticle and formed on 02.iv.2011; adult parasitoid emerged on 24.iv.2011.
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Manguera: • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (1♀, 0 ♂); 11-SRNP-71277, DHJPAR0045272; rain forest; 470 m; 10.99590, -85.39842; 10.vi.2011; Ricardo Calero leg.; caterpillar collected in third instar; cocoon adhered to the larval cuticle and formed on 14.vi.2011; adult parasitoid emerged on 20.vi.2011. • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 1♂); 11-SRNP-71279, DHJPAR0045278; same data as for preceding GoogleMaps .
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector Rincon Rain Forest, San Lucas : • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (1♀, 0 ♂); 09-SRNP-41059, DHJPAR0035362; rain forest; 320 m; 10.91847, -85.30338; 13.v.2009; José Pérez leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; a single dark cocoon adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 18.v.2009; adult parasitoid emerged on 25.v.2009.
Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector Brasilia, Brumas: • 1 (0 ♀, 0 ♂) (0 ♀, 1♂); 11-SRNP-65787, DHJPAR0045359; rain forest; 10.vii.2011; Duvalier Briceño leg. ; caterpillar collected in second instar; cocoon adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 05.viii.2011; adult parasitoid emerged on 15.viii.2011.
( Fig. 131 A–J View Figure 131 ). General body coloration black except labrum and mandibles yellow-brown; scape and all antennal flagellomeres (on both sides) brown; pedicel brown, but distally yellow-brown; glossa, maxillary and labial palps, and tegulae yellow. Eyes silver and ocelli reddish (in preserved specimen). Fore and middle legs yellow except coxae, middle femora with a ventral brown strip, and claws brown; hind legs yellow except black coxae, femora completely dark brown, and most of tibia and tarsomeres brown, although basitarsus proximally with a band yellow. Petiole on T1 black and sublateral areas light yellow-brown; T2 with median area dark brown, adjacent area brown which boundaries blurred with the yellow of lateral ends; T3 and beyond completely brown; distally each tergum with a narrow yellowish band. In lateral view, T1-3 yellow; T4 and beyond brown. S1-3 yellow; S4 yellow, but medially brown; penultimate sternum and hypopygium brown.
Head ( Fig. 131 A–C View Figure 131 ). Head rhomboid with pubescence long and dense. Proximal three antennal flagellomeres longer than wide (0.26:0.07, 0.24:0.07, 0.24:0.07), distal antennal flagellomere subequal in length with penultimate (0.13;0.05, 0.12:0.05), antenna longer than body (3.33, 2.68); antennal scrobes-frons shallow. Face flat or nearly so, with dense fine punctations, interspaces with microsculpture, and longitudinal median carina present. Frons smooth. Temple wide, punctate and interspaces with microsculpture. Inner margin of eyes straight throughout; in lateral view, eye anteriorly convex and posteriorly straight. POL shorter than OOL (0.09, 0.30). Malar suture absent or difficult to see. Median area between lateral ocelli slightly depressed. Vertex laterally rounded and dorsally wide.
Mesosoma ( Fig. 131A, D, E View Figure 131 ). Mesosoma dorsoventrally convex. Distal 1/3 of mesoscutum with lateral margin slightly dented, punctation distinct throughout, interspaces with microsculpture. Scutellum triangular, apex sloped and fused with BS, scutellar punctation scattered throughout, in profile scutellum flat and on same plane as mesoscutum, phragma of the scutellum completely concealed; BS only very partially overlapping the MPM; ATS demilune with short stubs delineating the area; dorsal ATS groove with semicircular/parallel carinae. Transscutal articulation with small and heterogeneous foveae, area just behind transscutal articulation with a smooth and shiny sloped transverse strip. Metanotum with BM wider than PFM (clearly differentiated); MPM semicircular without median longitudinal carina; AFM without setiferous lobes and not as well delineated as PFM; PFM thick, smooth and with a distal flat flange; ATM proximally with sculpture distally without a well delimited smooth area. Propodeum with medium-sized punctation, without median longitudinal carina and proximal half curved; distal edge of propodeum with a flange at each side and without stubs; propodeal spiracle without distal carina; nucha surrounded by very short radiating carinae. Pronotum with a distinct dorsal furrow, dorsally with a well-defined smooth band; central area of pronotum smooth, but both dorsal and ventral furrows with short parallel carinae. Propleuron with fine punctations throughout and dorsally with a carina. Metasternum flat or nearly so. Contour of mesopleuron straight/angulate or nearly so; precoxal groove deep with transverse lineate sculpture; epicnemial ridge elongated more fusiform (tapering at both ends).
Legs. Ventral margin of fore telotarsus slightly excavated and with a tiny curved seta, fore telotarsus almost same width throughout and longer than fourth tarsomere (0.12, 0.07). Hind coxa with punctation only on ventral surface and dorsal outer depression present. Inner spur of hind tibia longer than outer spur (0.26, 0.17), entire surface of hind tibia with dense strong spines clearly differentiated by color and length. Hind telotarsus as equal in length as fourth tarsomere (0.11, 0.10).
Wings ( Fig. 131I, J View Figure 131 ). Fore wing with r vein straight; 2RS vein straight; r and 2RS veins forming an angle at their junction and outer side of junction not forming a stub; 2M vein slightly curved/swollen; distally fore wing [where spectral veins are] with microtrichiae more densely concentrated than the rest of the wing; anal cell 1/3 proximally lacking microtrichiae; subbasal cell with a small smooth area; vein 2CUa absent and vein 2CUb spectral; vein 2 cu-a absent; vein 2-1A present only proximally as tubular vein; tubular vein 1 cu-a curved, incomplete/broken and not reaching the edge of 1-1A vein. Hind wing with vannal lobe narrow, subdistally and subproximally straightened, and setae present only proximally.
Metasoma ( Fig. 131A, F–H View Figure 131 ). Metasoma laterally compressed. Petiole on T1 completely smooth and polished, with faint, satin-like sheen, parallel-sided in proximal half and then narrowing (length 0.33, maximum width 0.20, minimum width 0.10), and with scattered pubescence concentrated in the first distal third. Lateral grooves delimiting the median area on T2 clearly defined and reaching the distal edge of T2 (length median area 0.16, length T2 0.16), edges of median area polished and lateral grooves deep, median area broader than long (length 0.16, maximum width 0.25, minimum width 0.08); T2 with scattered pubescence only distally. T3 longer than T2 (0.21, 0.16) and with scattered pubescence throughout. Pubescence on hypopygium dense.
Cocoon ( Fig. 4W View Figure 4 ). Gray or beige oval cocoon with silk fibers messy/disordered/fluffy. Cocoon adhered to larva and the leaf substrate.
In some specimens (e.g., 06-SRNP-32559) the sterna are completely dark brown-black (sterna are shrunken); the petiole on T1 is black, the median and the adjacent areas on T2 are black, but lateral ends brown.
( Fig. 132 A–H View Figure 132 ). Similar to female, however some specimens (e.g., 06-SRNP-32635) have the sterna completely dark brown-black (possibly because of the shranked sterna); in lateral view, the coloration from T1 to T3 is yellow-brown, but dorsally is brown; the petiole is black, the median and the adjacent areas on T2 are black, but the lateral ends are brown; the coloration on middle femora is completely dark yellow-brown or brown.
John Stuart Noyes is a retired British entomologist worked at the Natural History Museum, London, UK. He is well known for his outstanding research work on the biosystematics of Chalcidoidea. Currently, he is revising the 1,500 plus species of Encyrtidae found in Costa Rica.
Parasitized caterpillars were collected in Costa Rica, ACG, Sector Brasilia (Brumas), Sector Pitilla ( Estación Pitilla, Manguera, Sendero Cuestona, Sendero Mismo, and Medrano), and Sector Rincon Rain Forest (San Lucas), during April 2005, June 2006, May 2009, and April and June-July 2011 at 320 m, 380 m, 470 m, 640 m, 675 m, and 680 m in rain forest.
The lifestyle of this parasitoid species is solitary.
Deinopa signiplena Walker ( Erebidae : Calpinae) ( Fig. 4W View Figure 4 ) feeding on Swartzia costaricensis ( Fabaceae ) and D. biligula Guenée feeding on Pterocarpus hayesii ( Fabaceae ). Caterpillars were collected in second, third, and fourth instar.
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