Spiradiclis longanensis R. J. Wang,
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|Spiradiclis longanensis R. J. Wang|
Spiradiclis longanensis is similar to Spiradiclis danxiashanensis , from which it differs by its dense hairs in stems, leaves and inflorescences, (5-)7-10 secondary veins each side, a terminal or upper axillary cymose with 5-20 small flowers, linear calyx lobes, and tubular corolla.
CHINA. Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, Nanning City, Longan County, Pingshan Town, Tuanjie Village, 22°57 ’’ N, 107°34'E, 219 m, 4 Jun 2014, long-styled flowers, R. J. Wang 2682 (holotype: IBSC; isotypes: IBSC).
Perennial herbs, prostrate when young and decumbent while growing, rooting at nodes adhering to ground; stems terete, densely pubescent. Stipules linear, 3.8-6.5 mm long. Petioles 0.5-2 cm long, sparsely pubescent; leaf blades oval, ovate to broadly ovate, 1.1-5 (-6.2) × 0.5-3 cm, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute, papery, hairy both sides; secondary veins (5-)7-10 on each side, conspicuous, depressed adaxially and projected abaxially; leaf epidermal cells irregularly polygonal both sides, with sinuous anticlinal walls; stomata paracytic. Inflorescences terminal or upper axillary, cymose, (5-) 10-20-flowered, usually condensed into capitate-like; peduncles pubescent, 5 -12 mm long, to 3 cm while fruiting; bracts linear, 6-10 mm long. Flowers distylous, 5-merous; pedicels sparsely pubescent, 1-3 mm long, usually condensed. Hypanthium obconical, 1-2 mm long, sparsely pubescent; lobes 5, linear, 2.5-4 mm long, pubescent. Corollas tubular, white, sparsely hairy abaxially, tubes 2-3 mm long, ca. 1 mm wide; lobes subovate, ca. 1.5 × 1 mm; stamens 5; anthers oblong-linear, ca. 1 mm long; stigmas bilobed; ovary 2-celled, ovules on the axile placentas. Long-styled flowers: a ring of pubescence in throat; stamens below the pubescent ring and included, filaments adnate to the base of corolla tube, ca. 1 mm long; styles exserted, ca. 3 mm long, stigma lobes capitate. Short-styled flowers: corolla tubes densely pubescent inside; stamens extend to the corolla throat but included, filaments adnate to the upper portion corolla tube, ca. 1 mm long; styles included, ca. 1 mm long, stigma lobes ovate. Fruits capsular, ovoid to subglobose, 3-4 mm, hairy, dehiscing loculicidally and then septicidally; valves 4, crustaceous, ca. 3.5 mm long; calyx lobes persistent, 1.8-2 mm long. Seeds ca. 30 per capsule, ca. 0.5 mm long, rectangular pyramid, brown, testa papillate.
Known only from the type locality. The plants grow in the entrances of limestone caves or moist cliffs of hill sides.
Flowering in May-June and fruiting in June-August.
The number of Spiradiclis longanensis was less than 500 individuals within an area of less than 5 km2; however we know that the present field investigation is in a very low density and the evaluation we made here was based on all the available information up to now. We therefore assign a preliminary IUCN threat status of Vulnerable (VU, B2ab(ii, iii, iv); D) to Spiradiclis longanensis ( IUCN 2001). The populations are probably prone to the effects of human activities or stochastic events in future, because the plants grow nearby the main traffic road or rice field.
Additional specimens examined
(paratypes). CHINA. Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region. Longan County, Pingshan Town, Tuanjie village, 5 Apr 2013, R. J. Wang & S. J. Deng 2324 (IBSC); 6 Oct 2013, R. J. Wang & Q. Liao 2592 (IBSC), 2595 (IBSC); 18 Feb 2014, R. J. Wang, S. J. Deng & Q. Liao 2623 (IBSC); 4 Jun 2014, short-styled flowers, Ruijiang Wang 2683 (IBSC), long-styled flowers, Ruijiang Wang 2684 (IBSC).
Similar to Spiradiclis longanensis in this genus, Spiradiclis danxiashanensis , Spiradiclis guangdongensis , Spiradiclis hainanensis and Spiradiclis umbelliformis are all in prostrate or decumbent habit, but their leaf laminas, inflorescences, calyx lobes, and flowers are different from Spiradiclis longanensis and can easily be distinguished. The latter four species usually have rounded, orbicular, or ovate leaf laminas in 1-2.5 mm long and with 3-5 unobvious secondary veins each side, and their inflorescences often include 1-3 salverform and never condensed flowers, with ovate to lanceolate calyx lobes.
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