Maloideae

Kavallieratos, Nickolas G., Tomanović, Ž Eljko & Starý, Petr, 2008, Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) attacking aphids feeding on Prunoideae and Maloideae crops in Southeast Europe: aphidiine-aphid-plant associations and key, Zootaxa 1793, pp. 47-64: 48-49

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.182566

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/61701E2E-FFC6-FF87-FF7D-3296FA65968F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Maloideae
status

 

Key to female aphidiines attacking aphids feeding on Prunoideae and Maloideae   plants in Southeast Europe

1 Forewing RS vein reaching apical margin. ( Figs. 12–15 View FIGURES 7 – 12 View FIGURES 13 – 18 ). Mummy black.................................................. 2

- Forewing RS vein not reaching apical margin. ( Figs. 6–11, 16– 20 View FIGURES 13 – 18 View FIGURES 19 – 20 ). Mummy yellow, brown or white..... 5

2 Forewing 3 RSa length shorter than 2 RS length ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 13 – 18 ). Petiole subquadrate ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 37 – 38 )............................. ........................................................................................................................... Ephedrus persicae   Froggat

- Forewing 3 RSa length longer than 2 RS length ( Figs. 12 View FIGURES 7 – 12 , 13, 15 View FIGURES 13 – 18 ). Petiole elongate ( Figs. 35, 36 View FIGURES 31 – 36 , 38 View FIGURES 37 – 38 )....... 3

3 Flagellomere 1 1.3–1.5X as long as Flagellomere 2. Flagellomere 1 yellow..... Ephedrus cerasicola Starý  

- Flagellomere 1 1.2–1.3X as long as Flagellomere 2. Flagellomere 1 brown to black................................ 4

4 Flagellomere 2 with 5–7 longitudinal placodes. Petiole 2.5–3.2X as long as wide at spiracles ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 37 – 38 ) .... ............................................................................................................................ Ephedrus plagiator   (Nees)

- Flagellomere 2 with 2–3 (4) longitudinal placodes. Petiole 1.9–2.2X as long as wide at spiracles ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 31 – 36 ) ............................................................................. Ephedrus dysaphidis   Tomanović, Kavallieratos & Starý

5 Forewing RS+M vein present ( Figs. 19, 20 View FIGURES 19 – 20 ). Pupation under aphid's empty skin ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

- Forewing RS+M vein absent ( Figs. 6–11, 16– 18 View FIGURES 13 – 18 ). Pupation inside aphid mummy.................................... 7

6 Antenna 17–18 (19)-segmented. Forewing RS+M vein tubular at anterior part ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 19 – 20 )............................. ............................................................................................................................... Praon volucre   (Haliday)

- Antenna 15–16 -segmented. Forewing RS+M vein nebulous throughout ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19 – 20 ) ...................................... ............................................................................................................................. Praon abjectum (Haliday)  

7 Forewing r-m vein present ( Figs. 6–9, 17 View FIGURES 13 – 18 ).................................................................................................. 8

- Forewing r-m vein absent ( Figs. 10, 11 View FIGURES 7 – 12 , 16, 18 View FIGURES 13 – 18 )........................................................................................ 12

8 Forewing M and m-cu veins united forming M&m-cu vein, completely developed ( Figs. 6–9). Propodeum areolate (Figs. 21–25).................................................................................................................................. 9

- Forewing M&m-cu vein only partly developed under r-m vein ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 13 – 18 ). Propodeum smooth ( Fig. 26 View FIGURES 25 – 26 ) .... ................................................................................................................... Lysiphlebus fabarum   ( Marshall)

9 Antenna 14–15 -segmented. Maxillary palpus with 3 palpomeres ( Fig. 2). Distal palpomere may bear trace of 2 palpomeres ( Fig. 3). Anterolateral area of petiole costulate ( Fig. 29). Petiole as in Fig. 33 View FIGURES 31 – 36 ................. ....................................................................................................................... Aphidius matricariae   Haliday

- Antenna 15–17 -segmented. Maxillary palpus with 4 palpomeres ( Figs. 1, 4). Anterolateral area of petiole costate ( Figs. 27, 28, 30). Petiole as in Figs. 31, 32, 34 ............................................................................ 10 View FIGURES 31 – 36 View FIGURES 7 – 12

10 Labial palpus with 2 palpomeres ( Fig. 1). Stigma 1.1–1.2X as long R 1 ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 7 – 12 ). Petiole 4.0X as long as wide at spiracles ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 31 – 36 ) .................................................................................. Aphidius colemani   Viereck

- Labial palpus with 3 palpomeres ( Figs. 4, 5 View FIGURE 5 ). Sometimes one labial palpus with 2 palpomeres ( Fig. 4). Stigma 1.6–2.0X as long as R 1 vein ( Figs. 6, 9 View FIGURES 7 – 12 ). Petiole 5.0X as long as wide at spiracles ( Figs. 31, 34 View FIGURES 31 – 36 ) ..................................................................................................................................................................... 11

11 Flagellomere 1 light brown to yellow, 3.6X as long as wide. Forewing r vein 1.1X as long as 3 RSa vein ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 7 – 12 ). Body yellow to brown .................................................................. Aphidius transcaspicus   Telenga

- Flagellomere 1 black with narrow yellowish ring at base, 2.6–2.9X as long as wide. Forewing r vein 1.3– 1.6X as long as 3 RSa vein ( Fig. 6). Body dark brown to black ........................... Aphidius avenae   Haliday

12 Hypopygium with prongs (Fig. 42) ............................................................. Binodoxys angelicae (Haliday)  

- Hypopygium without prongs ( Figs. 39–41)............................................................................................... 13

13 Ovipositor sheath slightly curved dorsally ( Fig. 39) ..................................... Diaeretiella rapae (M'Intosh)  

- Ovipositor sheath curved ventrally ( Figs. 40, 41)..................................................................................... 14

14 Ovipositor sheath slender ( Fig. 40) ...................................................................... Lipolexis gracilis Förster  

- Ovipositor sheath ploughshare-shaped (Fig. 42) ..................................... Monoctonus mali   Van Achterberg