Helicarion cuvieri Férussac, 1821, : Ferussac, 1821

Hyman, Isabel T. & Ponder, Winston F., 2010, A morphological phylogenetic analysis and generic revision of Australian Helicarionidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Stylommatophora), and an assessment of the relationships of the family 2462, Zootaxa 2462 (1), pp. 1-148: 24

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2462.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6413F378-FF80-6A1D-F28B-76FCFD2CF9E7

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Helicarion cuvieri Férussac, 1821
status

 

Helicarion cuvieri Férussac, 1821  

Figures 5A View FIGURE 5 , 7A–B View FIGURE 7 , 8A–B View FIGURE 8 , 9A–B View FIGURE 9 , 10A View FIGURE 10 , 11A View FIGURE 11 , 12A View FIGURE 12 , 13A View FIGURE 13 , 14A–B View FIGURE 14

Helixarion cuvieri Férussac & Deshayes, 1819   –1851: pl. 9, fig. 8.

Helicarion cuvieri: Férussac, 1821: 20   ; Pfeiffer & Clessin, 1881: 32; Semper, 1870: 31, pl. 3, fig. 7, pl. 6, fig. 11; Tryon, 1885: 168, pl. 38, figs 36–38; Iredale, 1937c: 7; Baker, 1941a: 263; Kershaw, 1979: 146; Smith, 1992: 233.

Vitrina cuvieri: Reeve, 1862   : pl. 3, sp. 15. Pfeiffer, 1876: 24.

Vitrina verrauxii Pfeiffer, 1850: 132   ; Albers & Martens, 1860: 44; Reeve, 1862: pl. 4, sp. 21; Cox, 1868: 83, pl. 14, figs 14, 14a; Pfeiffer, 1876: 24; Petterd, 1879: 49; Hedley, 1891b: 24, pl. 2, fig. 10, 12, pl. 3, fig. 4.

Helicarion verrauxii: Pfeiffer & Clessin, 1881: 32   ; Tryon, 1885: 169, pl. 38, fig. 40.

Nanina (Helicarion) cuvieri: Albers & Martens, 1860: 47   .

Helix   ( Paryphanta   ?) vitrinaformis Legrand, 1871 [published without page numbers].

Helix buttoni Petterd, 1879: 55   [unnecessary nom. nov. for Helix   ( Paryphanta   ?) vitrinaformis Legrand, 1871].

Synonymy follows Kershaw (1979).

Material examined. Tasmania, Australia: BMNH 197780 ( H. verrauxii   syntypes; one shell measured, photographed), Australia   ; AM C443929 (one shell measured, photographed), Mt. Wellington , Hobart, ex J.C. Cox   ; AM C424333 (one specimen dissected), Corinna , near Corinna Rd. (41º39' S, 145º5' E), in coils of bark in rainforest area, 8 Jun. 1986 GoogleMaps   , R.C. Kershaw   .

Description. External morphology: Shell ( Figures 7A–B View FIGURE 7 , 8A–B View FIGURE 8 , 9A–B View FIGURE 9 ) reduced, 3.2 whorls, orangebrown, shape and sculpture as for genus. Animal ( Figure 5A View FIGURE 5 ) light brown with grey markings and a dark grey tail. Right and left mantle laps wide at base, moderately long, rapidly tapering; not fused; right lap sometimes with a dark border. Right mantle lobe of medium size, left lobe very small, median lobe small. Caudal horn small.

Mantle cavity ( Figure 10A View FIGURE 10 ) and digestive system: As for genus.

Genital system ( Figures 12A View FIGURE 12 , 13A View FIGURE 13 , 14A–B View FIGURE 14 ): As for genus. Free oviduct with no internal longitudinal pilasters. Penis moderately long; penial sheath present, thick at proximal end, thinning and becoming absent towards distal end, enclosing only base of penis. Epiphallus approximately equal to penis length, internally with longitudinal pilasters. Spermatophore as for genus.

Radula   (from Kershaw 1979): As for genus. Marginal teeth ectocones shorter than mesocone. Radular formula (30.14.1.14.30) × 130 rows.

Range and habitat. Helicarion cuvieri   was recorded by Kershaw (1979) as inhabiting rainforest and humid woodland in southern Tasmania. More recent distribution data suggests that the species is found throughout Tasmania with no significant gaps; however, it is possible that more than one species is present ( Bonham 2003). These semislugs are found underneath logs and in litter and moss ( Kershaw 1979).

Remarks. There are currently two species of Helicarionidae   recognised from Tasmania: Helicarion cuvieri   and Helicarion rubicundus   . Helicarion rubicundus   can be distinguished from H. cuvieri   by its larger size and distinctive red and green body colouration. Anatomically, H. rubicundus   differs from H. cuvieri   in the presence of a penial papilla, position of attachment of the vas deferens to the flagellum and shape and size of the radular teeth ( Dartnall & Kershaw 1978).

AM

Australian Museum

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Stylommatophora

Family

Helicarionidae

Genus

Helicarion

Loc

Helicarion cuvieri Férussac, 1821

Hyman, Isabel T. & Ponder, Winston F. 2010
2010
Loc

Helicarion verrauxii: Pfeiffer & Clessin, 1881: 32

Tryon, G. W. 1885: 169
Pfeiffer, L. & Clessin, S. 1881: 32
1881
Loc

Helix buttoni

Petterd, W. F. 1879: 55
1879
Loc

Vitrina cuvieri:

Pfeiffer, L. 1876: 24
1876
Loc

Nanina (Helicarion) cuvieri:

Albers, J. C. & Martens, E. von 1860: 47
1860
Loc

Vitrina verrauxii

Hedley, C. 1891: 24
Petterd, W. F. 1879: 49
Pfeiffer, L. 1876: 24
Cox, J. C. 1868: 83
Albers, J. C. & Martens, E. von 1860: 44
Pfeiffer, L. 1850: 132
1850
Loc

Helicarion cuvieri: Férussac, 1821: 20

Smith, B. J. 1992: 233
Kershaw, R. C. 1979: 146
Baker, H. B. 1941: 263
Iredale, T. 1937: 7
Tryon, G. W. 1885: 168
Pfeiffer, L. & Clessin, S. 1881: 32
Semper, C. 1870: 31
Ferussac, A. E. J. P. J. F. 1821: 20
1821