Brachynema germarii (Kolenati, 1846), Kolenati, 1846

Ghahari, Hassan, Moulet, Pierre & Rider, David A., 2014, An annotated catalog of the Iranian Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha), Zootaxa 3837 (1), pp. 1-95: 38-39

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3837.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:848FCF21-B70B-401F-ABC2-F9BE1F9DBFFC

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5537402

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/645987E6-AF04-FFFC-5ECA-FC0DDF843F41

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Brachynema germarii (Kolenati, 1846)
status

 

Brachynema germarii (Kolenati, 1846)  

Cimex virens Klug, 1845   [sign. d] (non Linnaeus, 1767); Rhaphigster germarii   Kolenati, 1846: 56; Pentatoma anabasis Becker, 1867: 110   ; Pentatoma tetrastigma Walker, 1867: 311   (non Herrich-Schaeffer, 1851); Rhaphigaster biplaga Walker, 1867: 373   ; Oncoma germari   var. flavomarginatus Jakovlev, 1871: 14   ; Oncoma germari   var. grisea Jakovlev, 1871: 32   ; Brachynema melanota Jakovlev, 1874: 240   ; Brachynema virens   var. alternatum Horváth, 1899: 444   .

Distribution in Iran. Alborz, Hormozgan, Markazi, Qazvin, Yazd ( Hoberlandt 1997), East Azarbaijan ( Modarres Awal 1997 a; Gharaat et al. 2009; Hassanzadeh et al. 2009 b; Havaskary et al. 2012), Fars ( Brown 1966 as B. virens   ; Hoberlandt 1997; Linnavuori 2012), Golestan ( Safavi 1959 as B. virens   ; Hoberlandt 1997; Heiss 2002; Linnavuori 2008), Guilan, Zanjan ( Linnavuori 2008), Isfahan ( Hoberlandt 1959 as B. virens   , 1997; Brown 1966 as B. virens   ), Kerman ( Seidenstücker 1958 as B. virens   ; Hoberlandt 1997; Modarres Awal 1997 b; Zeinoddini Memand et al. 2012, 2013), Khorasan ( Wagner 1968 as B. virens   ; Modarres Awal 1993, 1996a, 1997 b; Hoberlandt 1997; Linnavuori 2008; Mehneh et al. 2010; Nateq Golestan & Modarres Awal 2012), Mazandaran ( Seidenstücker 1957 as B. virens   ; Hoberlandt 1997), Qom ( Wagner 1961 as B. virens   ; Hoberlandt 1997), Semnan ( Hoberlandt 1997; Linnavuori 2008), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Hoberlandt 1955 as B. virens   var. alternatum   , 1997; Seidenstücker 1957 as B. virens   ; Kiritshenko 1966; Safavi 1959 as B. virens   var. alternatum   ; Wagner 1968 as B. virens   ; Modarres Awal 1997 b as B. virens   var. alternatum   ), Tehran ( Seidenstücker 1957 and Safavi 1959 as B. virens   ; Hoberlandt 1997; Modarres Awal 1997 b), West Azarbaijan (Linnavuori 2012), Southern Iran (no locality cited) ( Modarres Awal 1997 b), Iran (no locality cited) ( Hoberlandt 1961 and Miyamoto 1963 as B. virens   ; Rider 2006; Ribes & Pagola Carte 2013).

New data. Isfahan province: 30 km N Natanz, N 33 ° 48 ’51.1’’ – E 51 ° 40 ’53.7’’, 4001 ft asl, 7.v. 2013; Javinan, Qamsar to Ghohrood road, N 33 ° 41 ’ 41.7’’ – E 51 ° 26 ’ 45.9’’, 6943 ft asl, 9.v. 2013 J. Haxaire rec, P. Ducamps det et leg.

General distribution. Western Mediterranean Europe, North Africa (Canary Archipelago), Near East, Central Asia extending to Mongolia, China, Pakistan.

Host plants. On wild Poaceae   ( Modarres Awal 1996 a), wheat ( Modarres Awal 1996 a, 1997 b), bean caper, harmel, seidlitzia   , saltwort, sugar-beet ( Modarres Awal 1997 b), Ephedra major   ( Ephedraceae   ), Artemisia   sp. ( Asteraceae   ), Kochia   sp. ( Chenopodiaceae   ), barley ( Nateq Golestan & Modarres Awal 2012), Chenopodiaceae (Linnavuori 2012)   , in pistachio garden ( Modarres Awal 1997 b; Zeinoddini Memand et al. 2012); also on Pistachia vera   ( Anacardiaceae   ), Alhagi pseudalhagi   ( Fabaceae   ), Peganum harmala   , Zygophyllum fabago   (both Zygophyllaceae   ), Salsola kali   ( Salsolaceae   ), Artemisia annua   ( Asteraceae   ) ( Zeinoddini Memand et al. 2013); on Beta vulgaris   ( Amaranthaceae   ), Sueda vera   ( Chenopodiaceae   ) (Ribes & Pagola Carte 2013).

Comments. Brachynema germarii   is a vector of Nematospora coryli   to pistachio trees ( Safavi 1974). An unidentified species, Brachynema   sp. was recorded by Hashemi Rad et al. (2000, 2002) from Kerman as the pest of pistachio which we suspect to be B. germarii   .