Cercophonius granulosus,

Monod, Lionel, Duperre, Nadine & Harms, Danilo, 2019, An annotated catalogue of the scorpion types (Arachnida, Scorpiones) held in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Part I: Parvorder Iurida Soleglad & Fet, 2003, Evolutionary Systematics 3 (2), pp. 109-200: 109

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scientific name

Cercophonius granulosus


Cercophonius granulosus  Fig. 10View Figure 10

Cercophonius granulosus  Kraepelin, 1908c: 102-103

Current combination.

Cercophonius granulosus  Kraepelin, 1908


♀ ( Fig. 9 A–BView Figure 9, ZMH-A0000909), [Western Australia], Moonyoonooka (station 82) [28°46 ’51” S, 114°43 ’37” E], 13.07.1905, Wilhelm Michaelsen leg., Hamburg’s South-West Australia Expedition 1905, ded. 06.1908.


♀ ( ZMH-A0002236), Western Australia, Geraldton (station 75) [28°46 ’44” S, 114°36 ’52” E], 16.07.1905, Wilhelm Michaelsen leg., Hamburg’s South-West Australia Expedition 1905, ded. 06.1908.


Kraepelin (1908c) listed 2 females from Moonyoonooka and 1 juvenile from Geraldton. Acosta (1990) noted that the material was only composed of 1 female from Moonyoonooka and 1 female from Geraldton, with no trace of a juvenile specimen. The female from Moonyoonooka erroneously considered as holotype by Weidner (1959) was designated as lectotype and the remaining specimen as paralectotype by Acosta (1990).

Remarks on collector.

J. Wilhelm Michaelsen (1860-1937) was a curator at the ZMH and a specialist of Oligochaeta  ( Monro 1937; Sherlock and Berridge 2012). He undertook three major expeditions to Chile, South Africa and Western Australia (see Harms and Dupérré 2018 for details). In 1905, the Berlin and Hamburg Museums organized a major expedition to southwestern Australia that was led by Michaelsen and Robert Hartmeyer ( Michaelsen and Hartmeyer 1907 [see travel map for detail of collecting localities]). Numerous spiders ( Araneae  ) species were described by Simon (1908, 1909) based on the material collected during this expedition. The type specimens of these species are lodged in the Western Australian Museum ( Main and Harvey 1992). Interestingly, the type specimens of Australian scorpion species described by Kraepelin based on material collected during the same expedition were not sent back to Australia but remained in the collections of the Hamburg Museum.