Paragus coadunatus Rondani, 1847,

Sforzi, Alessandra & Sommaggio, Daniele, 2021, Catalog of the Diptera types described by Camillo Rondani, Zootaxa 4989 (1), pp. 1-438: 261

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4989.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:89C63841-3CF4-491D-8C73-BEF7DCB18FB5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/686387A0-FEC9-FEAE-5889-FCCEFB766240

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Paragus coadunatus Rondani, 1847
status

 

Paragus coadunatus Rondani, 1847 

ORIGINAL DESCRIPTION: 1847d: 346.

TYPE LOCALITY: “ Österreich [ Austria]” and “ südliches Frankreich [South France]” ( Meigen 1822: 182) [type localities of Paragus haemorrhous Meigen  ]  .

TYPE MATERIAL: see Remarks.

CURRENT STATUS: valid species ( Peck 1988: 78); Paragus coadunatus Rondani, 1847  is a junior synonym of Paragus haemorrhous Meigen, 1822  ( Evenhuis & Pape 2020); while Paragus coadunatus sensu Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976: 85)  is the same as Paragus mundus Wollaston, 1858  (this work). See Remarks.

REMARKS: Rondani (1847d: 346) considered the males of Paragus haemorrhous Meigen 1822  and the females of Paragus obscurus Meigen 1822  as the same species but instead of applying the Principle of Priority, incorrectly proposed the new species name Paragus coadunatus  . In his Syrphidae  Prodromus Rondani (1857: 190)  used the name Paragus coadunatus  to combine Paragus haemorrhous  , Paragus obscurus  , Paragus aeneus Meigen, 1822  , Paragus trianguliferus Zetterstedt, 1838  and Paragus tibialis Zetterstedt, 1838  . Rondani (1877a: 60) included Paragus coadunatus  as a valid species in a list of pest insects and their natural enemies, explicitly referring to its description in the Prodromus  . Paragus coadunatus  was considered as a synonym of Paragus tibialis  by Schiner (1864: 111), Verrall (1901: 20), Bezzi & Stein (1907: 3), Kertész (1910: 4), Efflatoun (1922: 23) and Sack (1929: 137), as a variety of Paragus tibialis  by Schiner (1868: 369), and as a valid species by Bezzi (1892: 87, 1894: 278). The type material for Paragus coadunatus  will be the same as for the name it was proposed to replace, i. e., Paragus haemorrhous  . The holotype of this latter species is preserved in the MNHN (Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 2020).

Under the name Paragus coadunatus  , there are six males and four females in the MZUF (two males are from Malta), one male and one female in the MSNC, and one male and one female (all are non-types) in the MZUB. Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976: 85) incorrectly considered the MZUF specimens as the types of Paragus coadunatus  and concluded that the two specimens from Malta differed from all the other known species of Paragus Latreille, 1804  and incorrectly, reinstated Paragus coadunatus  as a valid species. Recent literature ( Peck 1988: 78, Belcari et al. 1995a: 10, Vujić et al. 1998: 70, Rojo et al. 2006, Vujić et al. 2008: 535) applies the name Paragus coadunatus  to the taxon concept described by Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976).

Wollaston (1858: 115) described Paragus mundus  from specimens collected in Madeira and Porto Santo islands but his description is too short to distinguish it from the other species of the genus. Osten-Sacken (1884: 33), Kertész (1910: 5) and Bezzi & Stein (1907: 3) considered this nominal species as valid, Becker (1908: 193) considered it as a junior synonym of Paragus tibialis ( Fallén, 1817)  and Peck (1988: 83) as a doubtful species of Paragus  . Smit et al. (2004: 60) supposed that Paragus mundus  is a junior synonym of Paragus coadunatus sensu Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976)  because all the Paragus  specimens collected in Madeira island belong to this nominal species ( Gomes & Báez 1990, Smit et al. 1999). We examined the terminalia of the types for P. mundus  in the NHMUK (five males and four females) and confirmed that Paragus coadunatus Rondani sensu Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976)  is the same taxon as Paragus mundus  . Therefore, we propose Paragus mundus  as a valid name for Paragus coadunatus sensu Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976)  and subsequent authors (e.g. Belcari et al. 1995a: 10, Vujić et al. 1998: 70, Rojo et al. 2006, Vujić et al. 2008: 535, Burgio et al. 2015: 157). In order to promote nomenclatural stability, we here designate a lectotype male for Paragus mundus Wollaston, 1858  . The type series preserved in the NHMUK consists of five males and four females: 1 ♂, lectotype (in good condition, glued to a cardboard stage) ( NHMUK: general collection): syntype / Madeira: T.V. Wollaston B.N. 1855–7 / lectotype Sforzi & Sommaggio des. 2017  ; 3 ♂♂, paralectotypes (all glued to a cardboard; one with terminalia dissected and stored in glycerine in a microvial pinned below the abdomen; the other two missing antenna, one missing right mid-leg) ( NHMUK: general collection): syntype / Madeira: T.V. Wollaston B.N. 1855–7 / paralectotype Sforzi & Sommaggio des., 2017  ; 1 ♂, paralectotype (double-mounted: fastened by a micro pin to a polyethylene foam block on a standard insect pin; missing antenna and hind left-leg; with terminalia dissected and stored in glycerine in a microvial pinned below the abdomen and missing left hind-leg) ( NHMUK: general collection): syntype / Madeira: T.V. Wollaston B.N. 1855–7 / paralectotype Sforzi & Sommaggio des., 2017  ; 3 ♀♀, paralectotypes (one abdomen missing) ( NHMUK: general collection): syntype / Madeira: T.V. Wollaston B.N. 1855–7 / paralectotype Sforzi & Sommaggio des., 2017  ; 1 ♀, paralectotype (missing antenna, hind leftleg, abdomen partially eaten by dermestids) ( NHMUK: general collection): syntype / Madeira: T.V. Wollaston B.N. 1855–7 / paralectotype Sforzi & Sommaggio des., 2017 / Paragus mundus Wollaston    .

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Paragus

Loc

Paragus coadunatus Rondani, 1847

Sforzi, Alessandra & Sommaggio, Daniele 2021
2021
Loc

Paragus coadunatus sensu Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1976: 85)

Rondani sensu Goeldlin de Tiefenau 1976: 85
1976
Loc

Paragus mundus

Wollaston 1858
1858
Loc

Paragus coadunatus

Rondani 1847
1847
Loc

Paragus haemorrhous

Meigen 1822
1822