Neanurinae, Borner, 1901

Yahyapour, Eliye, Shayanmehr, Masoumeh, Vafaei-Shoushtari, Reza & Arbea, Javier I., 2022, New species and records of Neanurinae (Collembola: Neanuridae) from Mazandaran Province (Northeastern Iran), with a key to Iranian species of the subfamily, Zootaxa 5087 (2), pp. 253-274 : 272-273

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5087.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B167675B-591E-486A-AB83-0265D0864278

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5828085

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6C3E87F2-FFCC-FFA3-B5B7-79ABFE83FDD1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neanurinae
status

 

Key to the recorded Iranian taxa of Neanurinae  

The number of species is probably underestimated ( Smolis & Skarżyński 2020) and the earlier records of some taxa should be revised (indicated by an asterisk *).

1. Head with tubercles An and Fr separate................................................... Vitronura Yosii, 1969  

- Head with tubercles An and Fr fused...................................................................... 2

2. Head with complete fusion of lateral tubercles Dl, L and So. Abd V with 2 tubercles: 2 (Di+De+Dl+L)................. 3

- Head with separation or incomplete fusion of lateral tubercles Dl, L and So. Abd V with 4 tubercles: 2 Di and 2 (De+Dl+L) or 3 tubercles: (Di+Di) and 2 (De+Dl+L)..................................................................... 4

3. Head with tubercles Af and Oc fused into a transverse band............ Paravietnura rostrata Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

- Head with tubercles Af and Oc separate..................................... Bilobella aurantiaca ( Caroli, 1912)   (*)

4. Maxilla with two or three dentate lamellae........... Protanura papillata ( Cassagnau & Delamare Deboutteville, 1955)  

- Maxilla without or with one dentate lamella................................................................ 5

5. Line of chaetae Di2–De2 crosses the line Di1–De1 on head (cross– type). Head with 3+3 eyes........................ 6

- Line of chaetae Di2–De2 parallel to the line Di1–De1 on head (uncross– type). Head without or with 1–2+1–2 eyes...... 10

6. Head with tubercles Af and Cl fused. Abd V longer than Abd IV................. Thaumanura echinata ( Kos, 1940)   (*)

- Head with tubercles Af and Cl separate. Abd. V shorter than Abd IV............................................. 7

7. Chaetae A and B on head same length. Tubercles Di on Th I absent or present.................. Neanura MacGillivray, 1893   ............................................................................................... 8

- Chaeta A shorter than chaeta B on head. Tubercles Di on Th I present........... Persanura hyrcanica Mayvan et al., 2015  

8. Chaeta L’ on Abd V present ( Fig. 5A View FIGURES 1–6 ). Chaeta Ocp on head absent ( Fig. 5B View FIGURES 1–6 ). Tubercles L and Dl on head consist of two parts (L + 1/2Dl) and Dl’ ( Fig. 5B View FIGURES 1–6 )............................................................................ 9

- Chaeta L’ on Abd V absent. Chaeta Ocp on head present. Tubercle (L + Dl) on head not divided................................................................................................. N. muscorum ( Templeton, 1835)  

9. Tubercles Cl and Af not fused on head. Chaetae A and C on head absent................ N. deharvengi Smolis et al., 2018  

- Tubercles Cl and Af fused on head. Chaetae A and C on head present.............................. N. persica   sp. nov.

10. Head with tubercles Di and De fused.................................................... Deutonura Cassagnau, 1979   .............................................................................................. 11

- Head with tubercles Di and De separate................................................................... 15

11. Tubercles Cl and Af fused on head............................ D. decolorata   (Gama & Gisin, 1964 in Gisin, 1964) (*)

- Tubercles Cl and Af not fused on head.................................................................... 12

12. Chaeta Dl3 absent on head. Tubelem DE and EE absent on head......................... D. persica Smolis et al., 2018  

- Chaeta Dl3 present on head............................................................................ 13

13. Th I with tubercles Di and De fused. Tubelem DE and EE absent on head.......... D. sengleti Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

- Th I with tubercles Di and De not fused................................................................... 14

14. Tubercle Di on Abd V very prominent, conspicuosly bilobed. Tubelem DE and EE present on head......................................................................................... D. iranica Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

- Tubercle Di on Abd V weakly prominent, not bilobed. Tubelem DE and EE absent on head............................................................................................... D. breviseta Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

15. Abd V with 4 tubercles: 2 Di and 2 (De+Dl+L)........................................... Cryptonura Cassagnau, 1979   .............................................................................................. 16

- Abd V with 2 tubercles: 2 (Di+De+Dl+L) or 3 tubercles: (Di+Di) and 2 (De+Dl+L).............. Endonura Cassagnau, 1979   .............................................................................................. 20

16. Tubercles Di and De+Dl+L on Abd V with 2 and 4 ordinary chaetae respectively. Tubercle L on Abd IV with 5 chaetae. Tubercles De on Abd I-III with 2 ordinary chaetae. Tubercles De on Th I-III with 1, 2, 2 ordinary chaetae respectively. Tubercles Dl and L+So on head with 3 and 7 chaetae respectively. Mandible with 5−6 teeth................... C. sariensis   sp. nov.

- Tubercle Di and De+Dl+L on Abd V with 3 and 5−7 ordinary chaetae respectively. Tubercle L on Abd IV with 6−9 chaetae. Tubercles De on Abd I-III with 3 ordinary chaetae. Tubercles De on Th I-III with 2, 3, 3 ordinary chaetae respectively. Tubercles Dl and L+So on head with 5−6 and 8−10 chaetae respectively. Mandible with 3−4 teeth............................ 17

17. Tubercles Dl and L+So on head with 5 and 8 chaetae respectively. Tubercle L on Abd IV with 6−7 chaetae............. 18

- Tubercles Dl and L+So on head with 6 and 9−10 chaetae respectively. Tubercle L on Abd IV with 8−9 chaetae.......... 19

18. Body with bluish-grey pigment. Dorsal tubercles triangular. Tubercles Cl and Af on head fused. Tubercles Di on Th II–III with 2 chaetae. Tubercle L on Abd III with 4 chaetae...................................... C. persica Smolis et al., 2012  

- Body without pigment. Dorsal tubercles rounded. Tubercles Cl and Af on head separate. Tubercles Di on Th II–III with 3 chaetae. Tubercle L on Abd III with 3 chaetae............................................... C. dohezarensis   sp. nov.

19. Tubercles Cl and Af on head fused. Chaetae A on head absent. Tubercles L on Abd II and III with 4 chaetae. Tubercle De+Dl+L on Abd V with 5 ordinary chaetae....................................................... C. abmalensis   sp. nov.

- Tubercles Cl and Af on head separate. Chaetae A on head present. Tubercles L on Abd II and III with 6−7 chaetae. Tubercle De+Dl+L on Abd V with 6−7 ordinary chaetae...................................... C. maxima Smolis et al., 2012  

20. Chaeta O on head present.............................................. E. agnieskae Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

- Chaeta O on head absent.............................................................................. 21

21. Body with bluish-grey pigment......................................................................... 22

- Body without pigment................................................................................ 25

22. Claw with inner tooth. Labrum chaetotaxy 4/2, 4........................................................... 23

- Claw without inner tooth. Labrum chaetotaxy 0/2, 2.............................. E. ceratolabralis Smolis et al., 2016  

23. Tubercle Dl on head with 5 chaetae...................................................................... 24

- Tubercle Dl on head with 6 chaetae. Tubercles Di on Th I absent. Chaeta A on head present...................................................................................................... E. dentifera Smolis et al., 2007  

24. Tubercles Di on Th I present. Chaeta A on head present................................ E. persica Smolis et al., 2016  

- Tubercles Di on Th I absent. Chaeta A on head absent................... E. schwendingeri Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

25. Chaeta C on head absent. Tubercle Dl on head with six chaetae................... E. annae Smolis & Skarżyński, 2020  

- Chaeta C on head present.............................................................................. 26

26. Tubercle Cl on head with chaetae D. Tubelem DF present. Tubercle Dl on head with five chaetae.................................................................................................. E. dichaeta Smolis et al., 2016  

- Tubercle Cl on head without chaetae D. Tubelem DF absent.................................................. 27

27. Tubercle Dl on head with four chaetae. Tubercle De+Dl+L on Abd V with 7+s chaetae.... E. longirostris Smolis et al., 2017  

- Tubercle Dl on head with six chaetae. Tubercle De+Dl+L on Abd V with 5+s chaetae … E. paracentaurea Smolis et al., 2017