Microplitis maculipennis (Szépligeti), Szepligeti

Ranjith, A. P., Rajesh, K. M. & Nasser, M., 2015, Taxonomic studies on Oriental Microplitis Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with description of two new species from South India, Zootaxa 3963 (3), pp. 369-415: 397-400

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Microplitis maculipennis (Szépligeti)


Microplitis maculipennis (Szépligeti)  

Microplitis maculipennis Szépligeti 1900: 60   ; Wilkinson 1930: 26; Wilkinson 1934: 120; Shenefelt 1973: 749. [See Shenefelt 1973 for complete bibliography]. Holotype HNHM.

Microplitis eusirus Lyle 1921: 129   . Synonymy by Wilkinson 1930: 26.

Microplitis ophiusae Ramakrishna Ayyar 1921: 298   . Synonymy by Wilkinson 1930: 26.

Snellenius maculipennis Austin & Dangerfield 1992: 60   .

Snellenius maculipennis Austin & Dangerfield 1993: 1153   .

Microplitis maculipennis Gupta 2013: 439 View Cited Treatment   .

Materials examined. Types. Cotype ♂, India, Bihar, Pusa, 20.ix. 1912, Dutt. Coll.no. 13, 13 1921 - 140, parasitic on Achaea janata   , Microplitis eusirus   ♀ Lyle, Achaea janata Linn.   ( BMNH).

Other specimens examined. 2 ♀♀ mounted on minuten pin with pupal case, Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 2.2. 1944 (no collector’s name), Entom. Div. Agric. Dept. EX.04689 (Larva), Microplitis maculipennis Szep. G. Nixon   det., 1959, 0 4735 COM. INST. ENT. COLL. NO. 11490 ( BMNH); 1 ♀ with pupal case, S. India, Coimbatore, 29.v. 1932, P.S. Nathan, B.M. 1938 - 102, ex. Achaea melicerta   larva on castor plant ( BMNH).

Female. Body length 3.1 mm (based on examined specimens).

Head: Oval to subcircular in anterior view ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -B); eyes small but lateral temples hidden behind eyes in anterior view ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -B); face and clypeus densely rugose-punctate, densely setose; face slightly convex, with a faint medial, longitudinal carina dorsally, width of face (at widest) about 0–5 × width of head ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -B); inner margins of eyes slightly emarginate near to antennal sockets; posterior vertex and temples rugose-punctate ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -C); upper frons with small depression below median ocellus; in lateral view width of temple equal to width of eye; occiput slightly excavate, smooth except for punctation laterally which extends onto temples ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -C); lower frons smooth and shining divided by broad medial ridge, with a few transverse striae above antennal sockets; eyes pilose ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -B); ocelli forming slightly obtuse triangle, POL 0.75 × OOL ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -C); antennae moderately robust ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -A, ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 -A), 0.9 × as long as body; first flagellomere 1.1 × as long as second flagellomere; first and second flagellomere 2.9, 2.4 × as long as wide; terminal flagellomere acute, 2.3 × as long as wide.

Mesosoma: Mesosoma 1.2 × as long as high; mesoscutum with medial lobe finely rugose-punctate, lateral lobes usually smoother than medial lobe ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -C & D); notauli impressed, crenulate, meeting posteriorly to form broad longitudinally reticulate-punctate area, medial furrow slightly impressed, punctate to crenulate-punctate ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -D); scutellar lunules broad, deep, divided by three–four carinae ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -D); dorsal scutellum more or less flat to slightly convex, rugulose, margined laterally by sharp carina ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -D); propodeum with medial longitudinal carina usually no more prominent than surrounding very coarse reticulate rugosity, transverse carina often distinct, sometimes indistinct ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -E); lateral pronotum with broad oblique coarsely crenulate furrow; mesopleuron with areas above and below epicnemal furrow finely punctate, with fine sparse pilosity; epicnemial furrow crenulate, reaching anteriorly to margin of mesopleuron; precoxal groove broad, coarsely crenulate; hind coxa finely punctate dorsally, pilose; hind femur 3.7 × as long as wide; hind tibia 5.2 × as long as wide; outer hind tibial spur 0.4 × as long as basitarsus.

Wings: Fore wing 2.8 × as long as wide; pterostigma 2.3–2.6 × as long as wide; areolet large, quadrangular; 1 - M straight; margin of vannal lobe convex and setose.

Metasoma: T 1 about 2.5–3.3 × as long as apical width (3.3 × as long as wide in cotype of M. eusirus   ), sub parallel sided, densely and finely rugose-punctate except for smooth basal area and narrow smooth apical margin ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 -B); T 2 smooth, with indistinct median field indicated by oblique grooves in anterior half only, median field appearing more prominent in specimens with white or yellowish T 2 and black median field ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -F); medial length of T 2 as long as T 3; T 3 –T 7 each with a transverse row of setae posteriorly, becoming denser laterally ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -F); hypopygium smooth, setose in ventral half ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -A); ovipositor sheaths slightly curved, with sparse long setae subapically, with indistinct tuft of fused setae apically ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -A).

Colour: Variable, body generally dark-brown to black, mandibles yellow-brown, mesosoma red-brown or orange-brown, wings hyaline in basal, infuscate elsewhere with darker patches around first discal cell and from areolet to pterostigma ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 -A), laterotergites and sterna of anterior metasoma light brown or cream ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 -F), legs dark brown, fore and mid legs lighter apically.

Male: Similar to female.

Distribution. Australia, India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and Thailand.

Host. Acanthodelta janata   (L.), Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner)   , Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)   , Dysgonia algira (Linnaeus)   and Elygea maternal (Linnaeus)   .

Discussion. This species is close to M. areyongensis   in having the notauli impressed, mesoscutum with medial furrow, T 1 sub-parallel sided, scutellum rugulose, T 1 with medial longitudinal groove, face rugose or rugulose. It differs from M. areyongensis   in the following characters: propodeum with an indistinct medial longitudinal carina (in M. areyongensis   propodeum with distinct medial longitudinal carina), presence of medial longitudinal carina between antennal sockets (in M. areyongensis   medial longitudinal carina between antennal sockets absent), T 2 with median field (in M. areyongensis   T 2 without median field), hind coxa sculptured or punctate basally (in M. areyongensis   hind coxa striate basally).

Comments. This species earlier considered as Snellenius maculipennis   but it has been transferred to Microplitis   by Gupta 2013.


Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)


Colombo Museum


Ministry of Natural Resources














Microplitis maculipennis (Szépligeti)

Ranjith, A. P., Rajesh, K. M. & Nasser, M. 2015

Microplitis maculipennis

Gupta 2013: 439

Snellenius maculipennis

Austin 1993: 1153

Snellenius maculipennis

Austin 1992: 60

Microplitis eusirus

Wilkinson 1930: 26
Lyle 1921: 129

Microplitis ophiusae

Wilkinson 1930: 26
Ramakrishna 1921: 298

Microplitis maculipennis Szépligeti 1900 : 60

Shenefelt 1973: 749
Wilkinson 1934: 120
Wilkinson 1930: 26
Szepligeti 1900: 60