Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758

Filander, Zoleka N., Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., Sink, Kerry J. & Lombard, Amanda T., 2021, Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from South Africa, ZooKeys 1066, pp. 1-198: 1

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1066.69697

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:133CE040-A5AF-44F1-BC9A-558C2F06A8AA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6EFFF801-366C-59EE-81D1-87231F7FD5B5

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scientific name

Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758
status

 

Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758  

Fig. 14I View Figure 14

Madrepora oculata   Linnaeus, 1758: 798. -Esper 1791: 108, pl. 12, figs 1-3. -von Marenzeller 1904b: 79. -Durham and Barnard 1952: 11. - Squires 1959a: 5. - Eguchi 1968: C29, pl. C8, figs 1-9. - Best 1970: 298, fig. 2. - Bourcier and Zibrowius 1973: 826, figs 6, 7. - Zibrowius 1974a: 761-766, pl. 2, figs 3-5. - Zibrowius 1980: 36-40, pl. 13, figs A-P. -Zibrowius and Grieshaber 1977: 377. - Cairns 1979: 39-42, pl. 3, fig. 2, pl. 4, fig. 5, pl. 5, figs 1-3. -Zibrowius 1979: 21. - Zibrowius 1980: 36-40, pl. 13, figs A-P. - Cairns 1982: 15, pl. 3, figs 4-6. -Cairns 1984: 10, pl. 1, fig. H. - Cairns 1991 a: 9-10, pl. 2, fig. J, pl. 3, figs A-D. - Cairns and Keller 1993: 233. -Cairns 1994: 18-19, pl. 3, figs F-H. - Cairns 1995: 41, pl. 5, figs C-F, pl. 6, figs A, B. - Cairns and Zibrowius 1997: 79-80. - Cairns 1998: 372-374, fig. 1F-L. -Cairns 1999: 61, fig. 2E, F. - Cairns et al. 1999: 35. -Cairns 2004a: 274-275. -Le Goff-Vitry et al. 2004: 171, 173. -Kitahara 2006: 58, fig. 2A, B. -Kitahara 2007: 500-501, fig. 2G. - Cairns 2009: 4. - Kitahara et al. 2010b. -Miller et al. 2010, 3-5, 7, 9-10, 12. - Kitahara and Cairns 2021: 447-449, figs 241G-I, 243.

Amphihelia oculata   . - Milne-Edwards and Haime 1857: 119. - Duncan 1873: 326, pl. 45, figs 1-3. - Alcock 1902c: 35. -von Marenzeller 1904a: 308-310, pl. 14, fig. 1. - Gravier 1920: 89, pl. 10, fig. 158-164.

Amphihelia ramea   . - Duncan 1873: 326, pl. 44, figs 1-3, pl. 45, figs 4-6, pl. 46, figs 1-19. -Jordon 1895: 26. - Alcock 1902c: 35.

Lophohelia candida   . - Moseley 1881: 179-180, pl. 9, figs 6-13.

Lophohelia tenuis   . - Moseley 1881: 180-181, pl. 8, figs 11-14. -Bourne 1903: 26.

Cyathohelia formosa   Alcock, 1898: 26-27, figs 2, 2A.

Lophohelia investigatoris   Alcock, 1898: 24-25.

Desmophyllum   sp. - Alcock 1902c: 28.

Madrepora kauaiensis   Vaughan, 1907: 83-81, pl. 8, figs 1-2. - Gardiner and Waugh 1939: 227. -Crossland 1952: 121. - Wells 1964: 109. - Veron 1986: 599. - Cairns 2006: 47.

Amphihelia   sp. -Gardiner 1913: 689.

Madrepora tenuis   . -Faustino 1927: 107-108, pl. 14, figs 2, 5.

Madrepora alcocki   Faustino, 1927: 106.

Madrepora formosa   . - Zibrowius 1974b: 568-570, figs 6-9.

Lophelia exigua   . - Boshoff 1981: 37.

Madrepora   sp. - Veron 1986: 599.

Type locality.

Tyrrhenian Sea and Sicily, Mediterranean; depth unknown ( Cairns and Zibrowius 1997).

Type material.

Types are lost ( Zibrowius 1980).

Material examined.

ORI_DIIIf1 (1 fragment): Locality data unknown. SAM_H3038 (5 fragments): Eastern margin, 17 km from St. Lucia Estuary / 16 km off Mfolozi Estuary, 28°21'53.99"S, 32°34'36.00"E; 775-825 m. GoogleMaps   SAM_H3039 (10 fragments): Eastern margin, 36 km off Port Shepstone / 49 km off Mtentu Estuary, 30°43'11.99"S, 30°48'47.99"E; 900 m. GoogleMaps   SAM_H3040 (1 fragments): Southern margin, 36 km from Port Shepstone / 29 km off Mhlabatshane Estuary, 30°43' 11.99" S, 30°48'47.99"E; 780 m. GoogleMaps  

Description.

Corallum colonial, with delicate distal branches. Colonies usually bushy but distal branches uniplanar, with sympodially arranged corallites. Corallites circular, reaching ≤ 3.0 mm in CD, with slightly serrated calicular margin. Costae thin and prominent near calicular edge, usually corresponding to higher cycle septa. Coenosteum finely granular, longitudinally striated. Corallum light beige to white.

Septa thin and hexamerally arranged in three complete cycles according to the formula: S1 > S2 > S3 (24 septa). S1 highly exsert, extending towards columella deep in fossa with dentate and sometimes laciniate axial margin. S2 less exsert, half the width of S1, and have dentate axial edges. S3 rudimentary and discontinuous. Fossa deep, containing a poorly developed papillose columella.

Distribution.

Regional: Southern and Eastern margins of South Africa, off Still Bay ( Boshoff 1981) extending towards St Lucia; 780-900 m. Elsewhere: Cosmopolitan, apart from Antarctica ( Alcock 1898; von Marenzeller 1904a; Gardiner and Waugh 1938; Zibrowius 1980; Cairns 1979, 1982, 1984; Cairns and Keller 1993; Cairns 2004a); 15-1950 m.

Remarks.

Madrepora oculata   is one of the most well-studied framework building azooxanthellate coral species, and has been reported worldwide (apart from Antarctica). The first record from South Africa was identified as Lophelia exigua   Pourtalès, 1871 ( Boshoff 1981) (ORI_DIIIf1), but two localities were listed, making it unclear where the sample was collected. Nonetheless, both of the stations fall within the southern margin of South Africa. One of the examined specimens (SAM_H3038) is attached to hexactinellid sponge spicules

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Scleractinia

Family

Oculinidae

Genus

Madrepora

Loc

Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758

Filander, Zoleka N., Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., Sink, Kerry J. & Lombard, Amanda T. 2021
2021
Loc

Madrepora alcocki

Faustino 1927
1927
Loc

Madrepora kauaiensis

Vaughan 1907
1907
Loc

Cyathohelia formosa

Alcock 1898
1898
Loc

Lophohelia investigatoris

Alcock 1898
1898
Loc

Lophohelia candida

Moseley 1880
1880
Loc

Lophelia exigua

Milne-Edwards & Haime 1849
1849
Loc

Madrepora tenuis

Dana 1846
1846
Loc

Madrepora formosa

Dana 1846
1846
Loc

Desmophyllum

Ehrenberg 1834
1834
Loc

Madrepora oculata

Linnaeus 1758
1758
Loc

Madrepora

Linnaeus 1758
1758