Micaria pallipes ( Lucas, 1846 ), Lucas, 1846

Russell-Smith, Anthony, 2017, New species and new records of ground spiders (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) from Cyprus, Zootaxa 4329 (3), pp. 237-255: 240-242

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4329.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:178F0C4B-Bff6-41B1-8Ba5-59Aea19F12F4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/705F87EA-4972-FF95-6585-F914FD62FD53

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Micaria pallipes ( Lucas, 1846 )
status

 

Micaria pallipes ( Lucas, 1846)  

Fig. 12 A, B View FIGURE 12

Drassus pallipes Lucas, 1846: 227   , pl. 14, Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 6 .

Micaria pallipes Bosmans & Blick, 2000: 449   , Figs 9 View FIGURES 7 – 11 ̅12.

Micaria pallipes Levy, 2002: 116   , Figs 8 View FIGURES 7 – 11 ̅12.

Micaria septempunctata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872: 250   , pl. 16, Fig, 32. Wunderlich, 1980: 307, Figs 69a̅d. Micaria pallipes Tuneva & Esyunin, 2003: 233   , Figs 15 View FIGURES 13 – 15 ̅16.

not Micaria pallipes Haddad & Bosmans   : 397, Figs 1 View FIGURES 1 – 6 ̅3 (Misidentification?).

Diagnosis. The female of this species may be distingued from any other Micaria Westring   by the three chambered appearance of the epigynal sclerotizations formed by the characteristic shape of the anterior margins and the opposing S-shaped lateral margins.

Material examined. 1 ♀, Cyprus, Fassouri Reed Beds , in grassland near reed beds, Akrotiri, 27.IV.2007, leg. Snazell. Castanilla marchesii Caporiacco, 1936     : ♀ lectotype (designated by Haddad & Bosmans, 2013) and juvenile, el-Tallab, Buema , Libya [24°14'N, 23°21'E], 15.II.1933, leg. O. Marchesi, MZUF 271 View Materials , Mag no. 2552. GoogleMaps  

Comparative material examined. Castanilla marchesii Caporiacco, 1936   : ♀ lectotype (designated by Haddad & Bosmans, 2013) and juvenile, el-Tallab, Buema, Libya [24°14'N, 23°21'E], 15.II.1933, leg. O. Marchesi, MZUF 271, Mag no. 2552. Micaria septempunctata   O.P.- Cambridge, 1872: ♂ syntype, Ain Ata, Lebanon ( HECO, t. 92), ♀ syntype, Hasbeya, Lebanon ( HECO, B. 346, t. 43).

Comments. Micaria pallipes   is a well documented species, illustrated by multiple authors and recorded from several localities ranging from the Canary islands to southern Europe and from the East Mediterranean to the Urals and Kazakstan (for a complete list of records see World Spider Catalogue 2017). In his original description, Lucas (1846) referred to three transverse abdominal white bands (at the two edges of the abdomen, and one in the middle) and three additional median points like a triangle (from the original: “il est orné de trois bandes circulaires transversales blanches, l'une à la base, l'autre à l'extrémité, et la troisième au milieu; plus, trois points également blancs, disposés en triangle sur   le milieu de la partie dorsale”). Levy (2002) gave a drawing of the abdomen with seven white spots (p. 116, Fig. 8 View FIGURES 7 – 11 ), justifying its synonymy with M. septempunctata   O.P.- Cambridge, 1872, earlier proposed by Bosmans & Blick (2000) (see also Fig. 12 B View FIGURE 12 ). In our specimen there are six white spots on the dorsal part of the abdomen ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 ); the middle one is larger than the others and may well represent the two middle spots illustrated in Levy (2002). Searching the literature, our attention was caught by Figs 1 View FIGURES 1 – 6 ̄ 3 in Haddad & Bosmans (2013), illustrating the lectotype of Castanilla marchesii Caporiacco, 1936   . In this publication the genus Castanilla Caporiacco   was synomymised with Micaria   and C. marchesii   was further synonymised with M. pallipes   . Although the taxonomic status of the genus Castanilla   is beyond the focus of this paper and in any case the generic synonymy proposed by Haddad & Bosmans (2013) is not in question, the close re-examination of the C. marchesii   lectotype and the comparison with our specimen, suggests that the synonymy of the two species is incorrect. More precisely, in M. pallipes   the anterior margin of the epigyne forms a median, posteriorly pointed tip and the lateral margins are centrally placed as opposing S’s creating a distinctive rounded median cavity with narrow neck and widened base. The epigastic furrow rises in the middle of this cavity. In C. marchesii   the anterior margin forms a continuous horizontal line, the lateral margins are like opposite parenthesis and the epigastic furrow does not rise towards the middle of the central cavity. Additionally the spermathecae of C. marchesii   are well below the anterior margin when compared to M. pallipes   , in which the spermathecae and the copulatory ducts are almost at the same level as the anterior margin. The lectotype of M. marchesii   has lost its somatic setae and looks plain coloured, therefore this character cannot be compared to M. pallipes   . There is also a clear size difference between the two species that further weakens their conspecificity. We therefore propose the re-establishement of Castanilla marchesii   as a valid species with the new combination Micaria marchesii   .

Distribution. Canary Islands to Central Asia.

MZUF

Museo Zoologico La Specola, Universita di Firenze

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Micaria

Loc

Micaria pallipes ( Lucas, 1846 )

Russell-Smith, Anthony 2017
2017
Loc

Micaria pallipes

Levy 2002: 116
2002
Loc

Micaria pallipes

Bosmans 2000: 449
2000
Loc

Micaria septempunctata

Tuneva 2003: 233
Wunderlich 1980: 307
Pickard-Cambridge 1872: 250
1872
Loc

Drassus pallipes

Lucas 1846: 227
1846