Luciola cruciata Motsch.

Fu, Xinhua, Ballantyne, Lesley & Lambkin, Christine, 2012, The external larval morphology of aquatic and terrestrial Luciolinae fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae), Zootaxa 3405, pp. 1-34: 14-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.211302

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5324662

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/71279458-0B60-C031-FF3F-FA5A80AAF876

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Luciola cruciata Motsch.
status

 

Luciola cruciata Motsch.  

Figs 25–30, 69, 81, 82

Luciola cruciata Motschulsky, 1854: 53   . For economy of scale the references in McDermott, 1966: 102 are not repeated here. Bertrand, 1972: 599, 601; 1973 Fig. 7 View FIGURES 7 – 12 . Ohba, 2001: 45. Fu et al. 2009: 155.

Material examined. JAPAN: Five fifth instars bred from an original population of three males and a female collected from Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-Ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo, June 5, 2008 (NHMHAU).

Diagnosis. Similar to larvae of Aquatica   spp., distinguished by the dorsal colour patterns, especially that of the protergum; protergum with extensive median dark area narrowly prolonged in the middle along anterior and posterior margins; dark area may extend to sides; most of posterior half of thoracic terga obliquely pale across corners and narrowly across posterior margin; pale areas across posterior margins of most abdominal terga restricted to 2 separate areas with the outer area larger; median line wide (maximum width across abdominal terga 3, 4), and terga widely separated (Figs 81, 82; Okada 1928, Fig 1 a, Plate VIII E); eversible organs when everted with anterior and posterior branches longer and thinner than those of Aq. leii   or Aq. lateralis   (Fu et al. 2009 Table 1 View TABLE 1 ); glands with 6 or more spines including 2 median spines; antennal segment 3 with closely adpressed finger like projections subequal in length to adjacent sense cone (Figs 25, 27, 28); mandibles lacking retinaculum ( Fig. 69 View FIGURES 67 – 72 ); palpi with terminal sense organs (Figs 25, 26, 29, 30).

Remarks. Okada (1928: Fig. 1 a, page 102) depicts the everted defensive organs above the lateral gills. Figures 81 and 82 herein do not show everted abdominal glands.

FIGURES 25–30. Luciola cruciata   larval head, 5 th instar, SEM. 25–26 anterior, dorsal surface uppermost; 27 right antenna; 28 dorsal; 29 ventral; 30 apical maxillary palpomere.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Lampyridae

Genus

Luciola

Loc

Luciola cruciata Motsch.

Fu, Xinhua, Ballantyne, Lesley & Lambkin, Christine 2012
2012
Loc

Luciola cruciata

Bertrand 1972: 599
McDermott 1966: 102
Motschulsky 1854: 53
1854