Craspedophorus unicolor Chaudoir, 1879

Häckel, Martin, 2017, A contribution to the knowledge of the subfamily Panagaeinae Hope, 1838 from Africa. Part 2. Revision of the Craspedophorus leprieuri and C. regalis groups (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Zootaxa 4236 (2), pp. 201-243: 222-223

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Craspedophorus unicolor Chaudoir, 1879


4. Craspedophorus unicolor Chaudoir, 1879  

(Plate 5, Figs 41, 42)

Craspedophorus unicolor Chaudoir, 1879: 100   (type loc. “Zanzibar”). Burgeon 1930b: 160, 1935: 182, Basilewsky 1953: 171, Lorenz 2005: 321, Häckel et Farkač 2012: 83,

Eudema (Craspedophorus) zambezianum Péringuey, 1896: 477   , 1926: 580. Craspedophorus zambezianus Csiki, 1929: 360   . Burgeon 1930b: 160, 1935: 182, syn. nov., Ferreira 1963: 120.

Type material. Holotype (♀) “Ex Musaeo / Chaudoir [printed in red letters on white upper pinned label]// Type [printed in black on red lower pinned label”/// pinned as a single specimen to the box labeled: “ Unicolor   / Chaudoir / Zanzibar / E. Deyrolle [handwritten in black on white box label in Chaudoir's Collection]” (Plate 5, Fig. 42, MNHN).

Other material examined. Angola. Lunda Norte. 2♂   , 3♀: “env. de Dundo ”. DR Congo   : Katanga. 5♂   ,7♀: “Lulua: Kapanga”, 3♂,4♀: “Lulua: Tshibamba”, 1♂,2♀: “Sandoa”(MRAC); 1♂: “ Zaire, Kilwa ”   , 1♀: “ Zaire, Lubumbashi ” (cDM) Malawi   . 1♂,1♀: “Chisasira” (MRAC); 1♂: “Lilongwe-distr., Dzalanyama-For. Res., 1300 m ” (cPS); 1♀: “ Mzimba-distr., Vwaza-Game Res., 1100 m ” (cPS). Tanzania   . 1♀: “ Iringa prov., 65 km NW of Iringa, road to Ruaha NP, 900 m ” (cRK)   , 1♂, 1♀: “ Lindi ”   , 5♂, 7♀: “[Morogoro] Uluguru Mts. ”   , 1♀: [Ruvuma] “ Kigonsera ”   , 2♂, 3♀: “[Singida] D. O   . A. [ Deutsch-Ostafrika]: Kilimatinde”   , 1♂: “ Tabora ” ( MRAC)   ; 1♂: “ Kigoma Region, Uvinsa, 30 km Dir Kasalu, 1050 m ” (cMH). Zambia   . 1♀: “ Central Prov.: Fringilla env. 30 km N Lusaka ” (cMH)   ; 1♂: “ 75 km SW Kabwe Centre, 14°54'S   ; 28°4.82'E” (Plate 5, Fig. 41, cMH); 1♀: “Mkushi env.” (cMH); 1♂: “ 15 km E Serenje ” (cRK)   ; 2♂, 3♀: “N. E. prov. [= Central Province] Kafue N. P. (cDM)   ; 1♂: “[Southern Province] 10 km E Zimba ” (cMH).  

Note. This species is based on a single male labeled “ Zanzibar ”, presently a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba. Description (in part see Chaudoir 1879: 100). “Length 23 mm, width 9.7 mm. Beautiful species, throughout black, body shaped as in C. regalis ( Gory, 1833)   and noticeable by its long setae covering the whole surface. Head somewhat less elongated, quadrangular as in C. regalis   , which it resembles more by its eyes, more convex. Pronotum not too similarly shaped, with anterior margin less sinuate, anterior half similar to the others [species], margins posteriorly more markedly and shortly sinuate; basal prolongation to peduncle longer, basal angles sharper; pronotal hind angles obtuse, but not rounded each on its top and without any excavation as in C. regalis   ; lateral rims narrower and less elevated, disk more convex and larger; more deeply punctured and covered by long setae, basal margins less excavated, sagittal line deeply impressed, forming a stria, not reaching base. Elytra separated from pronotum by a peduncle, quite distinct, and less elongated, humeri less angled and more marked; elytral margins widening at midlength; dorsum less convex anteriorly than at midlength, not too similar to that in C. regalis   ; striae punctured by larger foveoles than are those in C. impictus (Boheman, 1848)   , bordered more strongly from intervals, near which very rugate; intervals punctured as in C. regalis   , and covered by long setae as on pronotum. Venter as in that species; antennae shorter, reaching hardly basal fourth of elytra, with shorter articles, intermediate articles somewhat more dilated; legs also somewhat shorter. A single male from Zanzibar, obtained from Mr. E. Deyrolle” [from French].

Description of E. zambezianum   (in part see Péringuey 1896: 477). “Length 23 mm, width 10 mm. Shape, size, and coloring of C. impunctus   [= impictus   ], but the shape of the prothorax is very different; it is truncate at the apex, the outer sides are ampliated in a semicircle from the anterior angle to past the median part, from there deeply sinuated above the posterior angle which is sharp, and the median part of the base is much produced behind, the disk is plane with the outer sides much recurved from the median part to the posterior angle, and the upper side is scrobiculate, and has a moderately dense pubescence; elytra a little less than twice as broad as the prothorax past the median part, and hardly one-third broader at the base, briefly pubescent, striate with the striae foveate, and the intervals highly carinate, and having on each side a series of smaller foveas coalescing with the broader ones in the striae; tarsi spinose underneath. Hab. Zambezia (Salisbury).”

Distribution. Angola: Lunda Norte Province; DR Congo: Katanga, Maniema, Sud-Kivu Provinces; Mozambique: Sofala Province; Tanzania: Iringa, Kigoma, Lindi, Morogoro, Ruvuma, Singida, Tabora, Zanzibar Island; Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Mus�e Royal de l�Afrique Centrale














Craspedophorus unicolor Chaudoir, 1879

Häckel, Martin 2017

Eudema (Craspedophorus) zambezianum Péringuey, 1896 : 477

Ferreira 1963: 120
Burgeon 1930: 160
Csiki 1929: 360
Peringuey 1896: 477

Craspedophorus unicolor

Hackel 2012: 83
Lorenz 2005: 321
Basilewsky 1953: 171
Burgeon 1930: 160
Chaudoir 1879: 100