Craspedophorus leprieuri

Häckel, Martin, 2017, A contribution to the knowledge of the subfamily Panagaeinae Hope, 1838 from Africa. Part 2. Revision of the Craspedophorus leprieuri and C. regalis groups (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Zootaxa 4236 (2), pp. 201-243: 203

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Craspedophorus leprieuri


Craspedophorus leprieuri   species group (nov.)

(= see Chaudoir 1879: 97; Basilewsky 1987: 188)

Sensu Chaudoir (1879: 97), this group contains only one species, C. leprieuri (Laporte de Castelnau, 1835)   . I accepted Bates', Burgeon's and Basilewsky's conclusions and enlarged this group according to Chaudoir's criteria to include the following species: C. cameronus Bates, 1886   , C. clasispilus ( Alluaud 1915)   , C. guineensis Basilewsky, 1987   , C. merus Péringuey, 1904   and C. pseudofestivus Burgeon, 1930   . C. clasispilus   and C. guineensis   are demoted to subspecies of C. leprieuri   , and it is described C. leprieuri zambianus   . C. pseudofestivus   is demoted to subspecies of C. merus   , and it is described C. merus lundanus   . Basilewsky’s synonymization of C. peringueyi Csiki, 1919   (nom. nov. for C. laticollis Péringuey, 1904   ) is not thought to be correct and it is here proposed C. leprieuri peringueyi   as valid subspecies. The group is here broadened of C. pretiosus Chaudoir, 1837   , in agreement with the original Chaudoir‘s system of species groups with the genus Epicosmus Chaudoir, 1846   . Presently the group contains four species, two of them monotypical, one with five subspecies, and one with three subspecies.

Characters. Smaller and medium-sized species (13–18 mm). Head short, not or indistinctly constricted behind eyes. Antennae slender. Labial palps with terminal article very dilated, kidney-shaped. Metepisterna longer than wide ( Fig. 23 View FIGURE 23 d, e), trapeziform, but somewhat shorter than in C. reflexus   group (Häckel 2016). Ventrites anteriorly not crenulated ( Fig. 23c View FIGURE 23 ). Elytral colouration with at least one but most commonly two isolated maculae on each elytron, one in basal half and second in apical half of elytral midlength.

Distribution remarks. The species of this group inhabit virtually the same region as those of the C. reflexus   group, i.e., tropical west Africa from Senegal through high savannas of the Gulf of Guinea to the forests of central Africa, and southwards into South Africa. Some of them reach the east side of the Rift, e.g., Tanzania and Zimbabwe (see maps of Figs. 78 View FIGURE 78 , 79 View FIGURE 79 ).