Nemoura sirotskii Teslenko

Teslenko, Valentina A. & Boumans, Louis, 2018, A new species of Nemoura Latreille (Plecoptera: Nemouridae) from Amur River Basin (South of the Russian Far East), Zootaxa 4472 (1), pp. 153-164: 154-157

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4472.1.8

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F2729F3-3C54-425E-B164-332DF2F8A66B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/767A87DF-FFE5-FFBC-5DE4-FE30FABEF95E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nemoura sirotskii Teslenko
status

sp. n.

Nemoura sirotskii Teslenko   , sp. n.

( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 ¯22)

Material examined. South of the Russian Far East, Zeya R. Basin, Upper Amur River Basin: Holotype male: Amurskaya Oblast, Izhak River, Urkan River Basin, Zeya Reservoir Basin, N 53°58.409 E 128°57.391, 22.06.2004 ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 24‒25 ), coll. V. Teslenko ( FSC EATB FEB RAS) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: 2 males, 1 female, Shirokovskaya R., Zeya Reservoir Basin, Zeya Nature Reserve , N 53°53.054 E 127°14.360, 23.06.2004 ( Fig. 25 View FIGURES 24‒25 ), coll. V. Teslenko GoogleMaps   ; 1 male (mounted), 1 female, 15 larvae, the same data and location as holotype, coll. V. Teslenko GoogleMaps   ; 2 females (mounted), the same data and location as paratypes, coll. V. Teslenko GoogleMaps   ; 1 male (mounted), Sukhodol stream, under the road bridge, Gulik R. Basin , Zeya R. Basin , N 53°58.179 E 127°04.491, 20.06.2004, coll. V. Teslenko GoogleMaps   ; 1 male (mounted), the Jewish Autonomous Region, Khingan River   , Amur R. Basin, 2 km from Obluchye sett. towards Khingansk sett., N 49°03.027 E 131°03.256, 26.06.2004, coll. V. Teslenko GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, Khabarovsk Region, Okhota R., 7 km from the mouth, 25.06.1999, coll. T. Tiunova.  

Description. Adult habitus: Body length of males 7.5–7.6 mm (n=6), females 8.4 mm (n=5). Macropterous, wings subhyaline, pale, veins brownish; forewing length of males 8.2 mm, females 8.4 mm. General body colour brown with pale markings dorsally ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ). Antenna and scape pale. Head brown, interocellar area and occiput medially with an indistinct light brown patch, occiput behind compound eyes dark brown. Ocelli pale. Pronotum pale with indistinct brownish Х-shaped pattern, rugosities indistinct, lateral margins pale ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ). Legs pale. Mesonotum and metanotum dark brown with pale patches laterally, prescutum and scutellum pale.

Male. Subgenital plate of sternum 9 moderate in size, typical of the genus, with arcuate sides, narrowed distally to a pointed tongue-shaped tip. Vesicle broad apically, width equal to ½ width of subgenital plate. Tip of the subgenital plate lies between narrow finger-like inner paraproct lobes ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 2–5 ). Outer paraproct lobe broad at the base with notch on the posterior margin, and two rounded posterolateral projections: the inner projection strongly sclerotized ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 2–5 ). Cerci almost straight, plump, slightly prolonged, extended inward with a roundly swollen membranous apex covered with hairs; sclerotized laterally and terminating in a pair of appressed spines, outer spine absent ( Figs. 2, 3 View FIGURES 2–5 ); the vestigial terminal segment modified into an ‘eye-spot’ mark ( Figs. 2, 3 View FIGURES 2–5 ). Terga 1¯2 and 9 mostly pale, terga 3–8 brownish with pale band widened to posterior margin of each segment ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ). Tergum 10 brown, medially with a pair of round shallow concavities below the epiproct; a few short setae and hairs scattered anteriorly and on an elevation encircling the concavities. Epiproct in dorsal view oval slightly widening in anterior half, becoming narrow basolaterally ( Figs. 4, 5 View FIGURES 2–5 ). Paired lateral arms of the dorsal sclerite directed obliquely down towards the middle, nearly touching, and sclerotized; the paired dorsal folds deep and covered with comb-like scales ( Figs. 4 View FIGURES 2–5 , 19 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ). Tip of the epiproct bilaterally symmetrical; each apical sclerite elongated, flat-lying, base extends beyond dorsal folds; directed oblique downward, slightly widened at the apex; the edge of distal apex rounded, rough, bears fine comb-like scales and 3–4 stout lateral spines ( Figs. 4 View FIGURES 2–5 , 19 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ). Both apical sclerites closely adhering to the ring sclerites and positioned ca. parallel to ring sclerites ( Figs. 4, 5 View FIGURES 2–5 , 19 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ). In ventral view, the ventral sclerite with straight margins, bears spines arranged in two longitudinal rows, about 16 spines in each row ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 2–5 ).

Female. Sternum 7 extended medially forming a well-developed, broadly rounded and swollen pregenital plate, which is medium sclerotized, overlapping sternum 8 completely and anterior margin of sternum 9 partly ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6–7 ). In cleared slide-mounted genitalia, the subgenital plate and vaginal lobes on sternum 8 difficult to distinguish, hidden under the wall of the pregenital plate ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 6–7 ). Vaginal pouch large, bell-shaped; anteriorly with paired triangular cross-elongated collar-like shields which surrounded by a pair of weakly sclerotized finger-shaped vaginal sclerites with beak-shaped apexes that are directed outward. The base of the finger-shaped each vaginal sclerite attached to rounded roughened pockets ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 6–7 ). Sternum 9 well sclerotized, swollen anteromedially, the swelling flanked by pair of narrow dark patches ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6–7 ).

Mature larvae. Body length of males 6.5–8.5 mm (n=4), females 8.4–9.5 mm (n=5). General color brown ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 8–9 ). Head with brown tentorial callosities, epicranial suture pale, a small light brown patch below epicranial suture to the inside of each compound eye ( Figs. 8, 9 View FIGURES 8–9 ), occiput dark brown. Antenna, legs and cerci pale, scape light brown ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 8–9 ). Pronotum approximately 1.6x wider than long, pattern indistinct, narrow dark brown band close to anterior pronotal margin mesally merging with Х-shaped figure ( Figs. 8, 9 View FIGURES 8–9 ). Mesonotum and metanotum brown with diffuse pale patches. Fore femur 4.1x longer than wide ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 10–13 ), hind femur 4.4x longer than wide. Abdomen relatively slender, integument light, matte in appearance, terga brown, a mesal row of darkish patches forming a longitudinal band on segments 1¯7 ( Figs. 8, 9 View FIGURES 8–9 ). Cerci with 33 segments, length not exceeding 87% of body length ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 8–9 ).

Setation. Setal fringe around the pronotum relatively regular and dense, consisting of occasional long hairs, and bristles narrowed and pointed apically ( Figs. 10, 11 View FIGURES 10–13 ). Length of the longest pointed bristles at the anterior and posterior pronotal corners attains 5.5% of pronotal width. Pronotum disc bears short blunt setae and occasional tiny procumbent setae with acute hooked apices ( Figs. 10, 11 View FIGURES 10–13 ). Outer wing pad margin covered with acute bristles; long and tiny acute spine-like setae in the lines on wing pads ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 10–13 ). Legs with uniform chaetotaxy: all femora covered mainly with short acute bristles, occasionally fine procumbent setae and few thin long hairs. Setal fringe on outer femur margin consisting of short and thin spine-like bristles in an irregular arrangement in the apical half on fore leg, short spine-like bristles occupy whole outer femur margin on hind leg; the longest spine-like bristles attain 36% of femur width on the fore leg ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 10–13 ) and 32% of femur width on the hind leg. Setation of tibiae and tarsi very similar to femur. Terga covered with short acute bristles and fine procumbent setae. Posterior tergal margins feature relatively sparse, mostly spine-like bristles and one pair of conspicuous relatively long spine-like bristles ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 14–18 ). Length of the longest bristles on terga 5¯6 does not exceed 36.5% of segment length ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 14–18 ). Cercal chaetotaxy uniform; apical whorl comprises a set of acute bristles, long thin hairs absent; intercalary setae very sparse ( Figs. 15 View FIGURES 14–18 ¯18). Length of acute bristles on the margins longer than in the middle of apical whorl and slightly exceeding of segment length on cercal segments 8¯10 ( Fig. 16 View FIGURES 14–18 ); marginal stout acute bristles of medial cercal segments not exceeding 60% of the segment length on cercal segment 16, length of sparse intercalary bristle 23% of segment length ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 14–18 ). Apical cercal segments bear apical whorls with a few thin spine-like bristles and tiny setae with rounded apices. Thin intercalary bristles increase in number and in size from the basal to the apical part of the cerci, length of intercalary bristles reaches about 25% of apical segment length ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 14–18 ).

Diagnosis. The apical sclerites of the epiproct of N. sirotskii   resemble those of N. arсtiсa. The apical sclerites of N. sirotskii   ( Figs. 2, 4 View FIGURES 2–5 , 19 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ) are substantially larger relative to the epiproct than those of N. arсtiсa ( Figs. 20, 21 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ). They adhere closely to the ring sclerites in parallel positions, and are located above them in dorsal view ( Figs. 2, 4 View FIGURES 2–5 , 19 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ); the apical sclerites of N. arсtiсa are located rather in front of the ring sclerites in dorsal view ( Figs. 20, 21 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ). A salient difference is found in the shape of cerci: those of N. sirotskii   bear only two apical spines ( Figs. 2, 3 View FIGURES 2–5 ); cerci of N. arсtiсa bear three spines ( Figs. 22, 23 View FIGURES 19–23. 19 ), with the unpaired outer spine being highly variable in size and shape ( Lillehammer 1974, fig. 25; Zhiltzova 1972, figs. 1, 2; Zhiltzova 2003, figs. 427¯428; Kondratieff & Baumann 2004, fig. 2; Grubbs et al. 2018, figs. 1¯16).

Distribution. Nemoura sirotskii   was collected in the zone of continuous permafrost with rare thawed patches, in cold mountain streams or rivers where the water temperature varies from 8.0 to 10.0°C in June. The streams flow from the Dzhagdy and Tukuringa Ranges into Zeya Reservoir and are tributaries of the Zeya River (Amur River Basin) ( Figs. 24, 25 View FIGURES 24‒25 ). Additional collecting sites are at Khingan River, left tributary of Amur River ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 ) and Okhota River (the Sea of Okhotsk Basin).

Nemoura sirotskii   occurs together with cryophilic Mesoсapnia sp., N. arсtiсa, Megarсys pseudoсhraсea ( Zhiltzova, 1977), and Suwallia talalajensis ( Zhiltzova, 1976)   in the streams of the Zeya Reservoir Basin and Okhota River.

Etymology. The species is named in honor of the outstanding hydroecologist Sergei Yegorovich Sirotsky, the leader and organizer of the monitoring hydrobiological research in the Bureya and Zeya River Basins.

FSC

Fredericton Stock Culture Collection

RAS

Union of Burma Applied Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Plecoptera

Family

Nemouridae

Genus

Nemoura

Loc

Nemoura sirotskii Teslenko

Teslenko, Valentina A. & Boumans, Louis 2018
2018
Loc

Nemoura sirotskii

Teslenko & Boumans 2018
2018
Loc

Suwallia talalajensis (

Zhiltzova 1976
1976