Gromilus Blanchard, 1853,

Morrone, Juan J., 2013, The subtribes and genera of the tribe Listroderini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Cyclominae): Phylogenetic analysis with systematic and biogeographical accounts, ZooKeys 273, pp. 15-71: 38-39

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.273.4116

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/79348D56-3BB0-5690-9ACE-EDD05CCD1E4E

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scientific name

Gromilus Blanchard, 1853
status

 

Gromilus Blanchard, 1853  Fig. 26

Gromilus  Blanchard, 1853: 208.

Clypeorhynchus  Sharp, 1883: 26 (type species: Clypeorhynchus gracilipes  Sharp, 1883, by indication, monotypy).

Clypeorrhynchus  Kirby, 1885: 100 (unjustified emendation).

Dacnophylla  Broun, 1893a: 1471 (type species: Dacnophylla setosa  Broun, 1893a, by indication, monotypy).

Hycanus  Broun, 1905: 545 (type species: Hycanus cockaynei  Broun, 1905, by indication, monotypy).

Stilbodiscus  Broun, 1909: 117 (type species: Stilbodiscus setarius  Broun, 1909, by indication, monotypy).

Phygothalpus  Broun, 1913: 117 (type species: Phygothalpus sulcicollis  Broun, 1913, by indication, monotypy).

Heteromias  Broun, 1913: 120 (non Faust, 1897) (type species: Heteromias foveirostris  Broun, 1913, by indication, monotypy).

Pseudohycanus  Brookes, 1951: 57 (type species: Pseudohycanus fallai  Brookes, 1951).

Type species.

Gromilus insularis  Blanchard, 1853 (by indication, monotypy).

Diagnosis.

Small to medium-sized (3.5-7.5 mm); vestiture of seta-like scales and setae; rostrum medium-sized, relatively stout; rostral dorsal carinae present; scrobes long, deep, sharply bordered, reaching eyes; eyes lateral; scape long (surpassing posterior margin of eye when resting in scrobe); funicular segments 3-6 elongate; pronotum subcylindrical; elytra lacking humeral tubercles.

Relationships.

Gromilus  is the sister genus to the remaining genera of Falklandiina  . Kuschel (1964) already noted the close relationship of Gromilus  with Nestrius  , Liparogetus  and Falklandius  .

Species included.

Gromilus anthracinus  (Broun, 1921); Gromilus aucklandicus  Kuschel, 1971; Gromilus bicarinatus  (Broun, 1921); Gromilus bifoveatus  (Broun, 1923); Gromilus brevicornis  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus brounii  Morrone, 2011; Gromilus calvulus  (Broun, 1913); Gromilus caudatus  (Broun, 1913); Gromilus clarulus  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus cockaynei  (Broun, 1905); Gromilus cordipennis  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus cristatus  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus dorsalis  (Broun, 1921); Gromilus exiguus  (Brookes, 1951); Gromilus fallai  (Brookes, 1951); Gromilus foveirostris  (Broun, 1913); Gromilus furvus  (Broun, 1921); Gromilus gracilipes  (Sharp, 1883); Gromilus granissimus  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus halli  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus impressus  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus inophloeoides  (Broun, 1904); Gromilus insularis  Blanchard, 1853; Gromilus kuschelii  Morrone, 2011; Gromilus laqueorum  Kuschel, 1964; Gromilus majusculus  (Broun, 1915); Gromilus merus  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus narinosus  Kuschel, 1971; Gromilus nitidellus  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus nitidulus  (Broun, 1915); Gromilus nodiceps  (Broun, 1914); Gromilus philpotti  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus setosus  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus sparsus  (Broun, 1921); Gromilus striatus  (Broun, 1915); Gromilus sulcicollis  (Broun, 1913); Gromilus sulcipennis  (Broun, 1917); Gromilus tenuiculus  (Broun, 1921); Gromilus thoracicus  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus variegatus  (Broun, 1893); Gromilus veneris  (Kirsch, 1877).

Host plants.

Gromilus fallai  : Blechnum capense  Burm. f. ( Blechnaceae  ); Gromilus insularis  : Colobanthus  sp. ( Caryophyllaceae  ), Pleurophyllum  sp. ( Asteraceae  ), Poa litorosa  Cheeseman ( Poaceae  ), Polystichum vestitum  (G. Forst.) C. Presl. ( Dryopteridaceae  ), Pleurophyllum criniferum  Hook. f. ( Asteraceae  ), Stilbocarpa polaris  (Homb. and Jacq.) Gray ( Araliaceae  ) and Tillaea moschata  DC ( Crassulaceae  ); Gromilus setosus  : Blechnum  sp. ( Blechnaceae  ) and Gahnia  sp. ( Cyperaceae  ); Gromilus veneris  : Blechnum capense  (L.) Schlecht. ( Blechnaceae  ), Polystichum  sp. ( Dryopteridaceae  ) and Pteris  sp. ( Pteridaceae  ); Gromilus thoracicus  : Anisotome latifolia  Hook. f. ( Apiaceae  ), Bulbinella  sp. ( Liliaceae  ), Cotula plumosa  Hook. f. and Pleurophyllum criniferum  Hook. f. ( Asteraceae  ) and Poa litorosa  Cheeseman ( Poaceae  ) ( May 1977, 1993; Kuschel 1964, 1971, 1990).

Immature stages. Gromilus exiguus  , Gromilus insularis  , Gromilus thoracicus  and Gromilus veneris  (May, 1971).

Geographical distribution.

New Zealand ( Schenkling and Marshall 1929; Kuschel 1964, 1971, 1990).

Material examined.

Gromilus gracilipes  (MZFC), Gromilus insularis  (MZFC), Gromilus laqueorum  (MZFC). Gromilus merus  (MZFC), Gromilus nitidellus  (MZFC) and Gromilus veneris  (MZFC).