Stenaelurillus zambiensis, Wesołowska, 2014

Wesołowska, Wanda, 2014, Further notes on the genus Stenaelurillus Simon, 1885 (Araneae, Salticidae) in Africa with descriptions of eight new species, Zoosystema 36 (3), pp. 595-622: 618-620

publication ID 10.5252/z2014n3a3

persistent identifier

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scientific name

Stenaelurillus zambiensis

n. sp.

Stenaelurillus zambiensis   n. sp.

(Fig. 14)

TYPE MATERIAL. — Holotype. Zambia, SW from Mfuwe , 13°07’S, 31°45’E, 20-22.III.1995, leg. W. Puławski, 1 ♂ ( CAS). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes. Zimbabwe, Mana Pools National Park , 15°45’S, 29°20’E, 4.V.1984, 2 ♂♂ ( NMZ / A 2468) GoogleMaps   ; same data, 2 ♀♀ ( NMZ / A 2469) GoogleMaps   .

DIAGNOSIS. — The male is distinguished from congeners by the broad tegulum, bicuspid embolus and characteristic tibial apophysis with folded down tip. The female is distinctive in having an epigyne with two large rounded depressions and thinner than in congeners seminal ducts.

ETYMOLOGY. — The species in named after its terra typica ( Zambia).

DISTRIBUTION. — Known from Zambia and northern Zimbabwe.


Measurements (male/female)

Cephalothorax: length 2.6-2.7/3.0-3.2, width 1.9- 2.0/2.2-2.4, height 1.0-1.1/1.0-1.2. Abdomen: length 2.6-2.8/3.1-4.0, width 1.9-2.1/2.7-3.0. Eye field: length 0.8-0.9/1.0, anterior width 1.4-1.5/1.6, posterior width 1.5/1.6.


Carapace pear-shaped, brown, darkening at margins, clothed in dense brown hairs, poorly contrasted traces of pair of whitish streaks on thoracic part. Eye field black with intensive metallic lustre, covered with long brown bristles in anterior part, among them short thick setae, anterior eyes encircled by small fawn scales. Clypeus very dark. Chelicerae brown. Labium and endites yellow, sternum yellow to light brownish. Abdomen oval, brownish black, covered by scutum occupying two thirds of its length, with strong metallic lustre, anterior edge clothed in long dense blackish bristles. Venter yellowish. Spinnerets long, yellowish, their tips black. Legs brown. Pedipalps yellowish grey, clothed in dense light hairs, only tip of cymbium with brown hairs. Palpal organ as in Fig. 14A-C; bulb rounded with triangular posterior lobe; embolus straight, bicuspid; tegular apophysis membranous, large; tibial apophysis almost perpendicular to tibia, with folded down end (Fig. 14D, E).


Larger than male. Carapace brown with pair whitish strips on thoracic part and similar stripes along lateral margins. Hairs covering carapace correspond to background colour cover carapace. Eye field black with long bristles and thick short rod hairs. Mouth parts as in male. Abdomen oval, anterior edge with shallow notch. Anterior third part of abdomen light, posterior brown with median whitish belt and pair of small round spots. Sides and venter yellowish. Spinnerets long, light, covered with brown hairs. Legs light brown, dark hairs form patches on femora. Epigyne with two large round depressions (Fig.14F), plugged with waxy secretion. Seminal ducts thin, spermatecae spherical, thick-walled (Fig. 14G).



California Academy of Sciences