Bunga,

Lau, Yee Wah & Reimer, James D., 2019, A first phylogenetic study on stoloniferous octocorals off the coast of Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, with the description of two new genera and five new species, ZooKeys 872, pp. 127-158: 127

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.872.36288

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BDF92DBF-34CE-4600-939D-2573C7D4F0B4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BFF20AFD-A854-48EB-9F6A-EB3AC2066A95

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:BFF20AFD-A854-48EB-9F6A-EB3AC2066A95

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Bunga
status

gen. nov.

Genus Bunga  gen. nov.

Type species.

Bunga payung  sp. nov., by original designation and monotypy.

Diagnosis.

Colony with polyps connected through thin stolons, which are cylindrical in cross-section and loosely attached to hard substrate. Anthocodiae retract into clavate calyces, which do not retract into the stolon. Oral disk expanded to circular membrane, as is characteristic of arulids. Oral disk with eight shallow furrows running from intertentacular margin to mouth of polyp, dividing membrane into eight lobes. Distal two-thirds of tentacles extend from fused margins of oral membrane. Sclerites of anthocodiae are rods. Sclerites of calyx are table-radiates. Sclerites of stolon are fused table-radiates forming a sheet. Sclerites colourless. Zooxanthellate.

Remarks.

The main difference between type species Bunga payung  gen. nov. et sp. nov., with Arula  McFadden & Ofwegen, 2012 and Hana  Lau et al., 2018 is found in both polyp morphology and sclerites; the outer margins of the oral membrane are much less pronounced than seen in Arula  and Hana  , as well as the lobes, as the furrows appear to be shallower. The 6-radiate sclerite type could not be found in any of the Bunga  gen. nov. specimens, which are present in the polyp calyx of both Arula  and Hana  . Bunga  , similar to Hana  , has fused table-radiates that form a sheet in the stolon.

Etymology.

From the Malaysian and Indonesian word bunga, meaning flower; denoting the shape of the polyps, which resemble flowers. Gender: feminine.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Alcyonacea

Family

Arulidae