Neivamyrmex melanocephalus (Emery)

Snelling, G. C. & Snelling, R. R., 2007, New synonymy, new species, new keys to Neivamyrmex army ants of the United States., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 459-550 : 478-479

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6246845

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6246845

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/80A01F2B-CB34-B3EC-32F7-5E03F2D24F46

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Neivamyrmex melanocephalus (Emery)
status

 

Neivamyrmex melanocephalus (Emery)   HNS

Figures 28, 80

Eciton (Acamatus) melanocephalum Emery   HNS , 1895: 260 (w). MEXICO, Tepic ( MHNG) .

Eciton (Neivamyrmex) melanocephalum   HNS : M. R. Smith, 1942: 549 (w) (part). Creighton, 1950: 72 (part).

Neivamyrmex melanocephalus   HNS : Borgmeier, 1953: 19. Borgmeier, 1955: 385 - 387 (w).

Eciton (Acamatus) melanocephalum subsp. xipe Wheeler   HNS , 1914: 41; worker. MEXICO, Hidalgo, San Miguel (MCZC).

DISTRIBUTION (Map 7)

UNITED STATES: Arizona; MEXICO: south at least to Oaxaca and Morelos. SPECIMENS EXAMINED

UNITED STATES, ARIZONA: Santa Cruz Co.: Upper White Rock Campground , Pena Blanca Lake (31.39 ° N 111.08 ° W), 1200 m ( GCSC, LACM) GoogleMaps ; Nogales , on sidewalk ( USNM) .

MEXICO, OAXACA: 14.5 km S Ocotlan , 1500 m ( GCSC, WPMC) . MORELOS: La Luz Tetecala ( WPMC) .

DISCUSSION

This rather large distinctive species is only rarely encountered in the United States and its principal range lies in Mexico and Guatemala. As discussed above, we believe that N. mandibularis   HNS is the likely male of N. melanocephalus   HNS , but it is also possible that N. mandibularis   HNS could be the opposite sex of N. graciellae   HNS .

One foraging raid of N. melanocephalus   HNS was observed. It occurred in full daylight and the workers were taking a variety of small arthropods (B. V. Brown, pers. comm).

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

GCSC

Gordon C. Snelling

LACM

USA, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Neivamyrmex