Noronhia louvelii H. Perrier

Hong-Wa, Cynthia, 2016, A taxonomic revision of the genus Noronhia Stadtm. ex Thouars (Oleaceae) in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands, Boissiera 70, pp. 1-292: 156-160

publication ID

978-2-8277-0086-8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/824F8D54-FF3A-3AB5-FE26-FEE6FFF1FF9F

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Noronhia louvelii H. Perrier
status

 

46. Noronhia louvelii H. Perrier   in Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 2: 296. 1949 ( Fig. 31A).

Typus: M ADAGASCAR. Prov. Toamasina: Centre   E, forêt d’Analamazoatra, [18°56’S 48°26’E], s.d., Louvel 79 (holo-: P [ P00573411]!) GoogleMaps   .

Trees to 30 m tall, trunk to 45 cm diameter; young twigs cylindrical, 0.8-2.1 mm diameter, glabrous; bark medium gray, slightly rugose. Leaves opposite, persistent; bud scales persistent; blades dark green above, lighter below, elliptic, 3-12 3 1.5-5 cm, coriaceous, glabrous, domatia rare, base acute to attenuate, margin flat to slightly revolute, apex acute to acuminate, the acumen 1-11 mm long, midrib slightly sunken above, slightly raised below, secondary veins conspicuous, 6-11 per side, 3-17 mm apart, looping 1-5 mm from the margin; petiole medium gray, 2.5-10 3 0.8-2.4 mm, entirely woody, glabrous. Thyrses fasciculate, pauciflorous, compact; peduncle 2.5-10 mm long, moderately pubescent; pedicel 3-13 mm long, moderately pubescent; calyx moderately to sparsely pubescent outside, glabrous inside, lobes oblong, 1-2.5 3 1-2.5 mm; corolla red, cupuliform, 2-7 mm long, glabrous on both sides, the tube 1.5-4.5 mm long, lobes widely ovate, apex cucullate; corona present, (0-) 1-2 mm long, undivided; stamens 1.2-2.8 mm long, anthers widely obovate, 1-1.3 mm long; pistil 1.5-3 mm long, stigma capitate. Fruiting pedicel 2-21 3 0.7-2.4 mm; young fruits green, dark red when mature, subglobose, 14-23 3 11-20.5 mm, surface smooth, apex flat to bluntly pointed, style persistent; dry pericarp 0.6-1.4 mm thick; endocarp crustaceous; seed 7-14 3 6-16 mm.

Noronhia louvelii   occurs in low- to high-elevation humid forests in the east, from Daraina to Vatomandry and in the Centre-West near Tsiroanomandidy ( Fig. 27). It produces flowers and fruits throughout the year except in March.

Known from 61 collections representing 57 localities, Noronhia louvelii   is quite widespread. With an EOO of 141,234 km 2, an AOO of 192 km 2, and 39 subpopulations representing 26 locations, of which 10 occur within protected areas (Analamazaotra, Anjanaharibe-Sud, Anjozorobe-Angavo, Betampona, Loky-Manambato, Makira, Marojejy, Masoala, Tsaratanana-Ambohimirahavavy-Corridor Marojejy, and Zahamena), it is assigned a preliminary status of “Least Concern”.

Noronhia louvelii   can be recognized by its coriaceous, elliptic leaf blades, cupuliform, red flowers, and crustaceous, subglobose fruits subtended by short pedicels. It differs from N. luteola   by its woody (vs. non-woody) petiole, elliptic (vs. oblong to ovate) leaf blades, cupuliform (vs. subrotate), red (vs. white) flowers, and crustaceous (vs. woody) endocarp. The collection Morat 4627 from humid forest around

Additional specimens examined

Tsiroanomandidy in the Bongolava region extends the range of this species to the west. A collection of another species bears the same number as the type specimen of N. louvelii   : viz. Dalbergia maritima R. Vig.   (holo-: Louvel 79 [ P 00060529], from eastern Madagascar).

MADAGASCAR. Prov. Antananarivo: Anjozorobe , 18°24’30”S 47°56’15”E, 1320 m, 9.IV.1993, Harder 1544 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Tsiroanomandidy , [18°11’S 45°16’E], 1300 m, VII.1974, Morat 4627 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; c. 7 km E of Anjozorobe , 18°22’S 48°00’E, 1300 m, 11. V.1987, Schatz 1387 ( K, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   . Prov. Antsiranana: Marojejy PN, 14°26’S 49°37’E, 1080 m, 23.X.2001, Gautier 3905 ( G, MO) GoogleMaps   ; Daraina, Ankijabe, forêt de Binara , 13°15’S 49°37’E, 1050 m, 3.XI.2001, Gautier & Ravelonarivo 3986 (Daraina, G, MO, P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; Andapa, Ambodisatrana , 14°32’S 49°26’E, 1100-1200 m, 3.VIII.1997, McPherson 17204 ( K, MO, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Anjanaharibe-Sud RS, 14°48’15”S 49°26’45”E, 1000-1100 m, 6.VIII.1997, McPherson 17252 ( K, MO, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Andapa, Ambodiangezoka, Antanambe , forêt de Betaolana , 14°32’18”S 49°26’18”E, 875 m, 9.X.1999, Rakotomalaza & Ravelonarivo 1911 ( G, MO, P) GoogleMaps   ; Antalaha, Marofinaritra, Ampokafo , 15°16’49”S, 50°01’27”E, 610 m, 1-15.XII.1997, Ranaivojaona et al. 198 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Bealampona , Anjanaharibe-Sud RS, 14°44’45”S 49°29’40”E, 890-1041 m, 14.IX.1994, Ravelonarivo et al. 378 ( G, K, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Anjialavabe, Ankiakabe, Andohan’Anjialava , 14°10’47”S 49°22’01”E, 1567 m, 20. II.2007, Ravelonarivo et al. 2198 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Sambava, Andratamarina, Bemanasy , 14°23’54”S 49°50’55”E, 892 m, 23.X.2010, Ravelonarivo & Raharivelo 3562 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Sambava , [14°16’S 50°10’E], 21.IV.1956, Réserves Naturelles 7954 ( G, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   . Prov. Mahajanga: Befandriana-Nord, Matsoandakana , Andranomena , forêt d’Anjiabe , 15°07’35”S 49°21’09”E, 1418-1446 m, 9. II.2008, Ravelonarivo et al. 2704 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   . Prov. Toamasina: Zahamena PN, 17°32’47”S 48°44’21”E, 1240- 1400 m, 28.IX.2001, Andrianjafy et al. 148 ( CNARP, MO, P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; Ambatovola , 18°55’13”S 48°30’49”E, 29. I.2005, Andriatsiferana et al. 2584 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Maroantsetra, Anjahana, Hiaraka , 15°28’42”S 49°54’32”E, 300 m, 1.IX.2002, Antilahimena et al. 1287 ( G, MO) GoogleMaps   ; Morafeno, Amboditavolo , 15°50’14”S 49°30’32”E, 326 m, 28.X.2003, Antilahimena et al. 2207 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   ; Vinanibe, Andongona, Makira , 15°27’40”S 49°17’46”E, 1153 m, 27.XI.2003, Antilahimena 2402 ( MO) GoogleMaps   ; Ambinanitelo, Marovovonana , 15°18’57”S 49°25’04”E, 981 m, 1.IX.2004, Antilahimena 2700 ( G, MO) GoogleMaps   ; Ambatovy , 18°48’29”S 48°18’50”E, 1060 m, 16.XII.2004, Antilahimena et al. 3012 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loc., 18°51’34”S 48°18’00”E, 1115 m, 8.VIII.2008, Antilahimena et al. 6426 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Andasibe, forêt d’Analamay , 18°51’16”S 048°19’35”E, 1130 m, 8. VI.2007, Bernard 549 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Ambatovy 18°50’27”S 48°18’11”E, 1117 m, 17. V.2010, Bernard et al. 1574 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Analamazaotra RS, 18°56’12”S 48°25’09”E, 953 m, 2. V.2010, Hong-Wa & Ortiz 642 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Betampona RNI, 17°54’46”S 49°12’20”E, 427 m, 20.XI.2001, Rabehevitra et al. 14 ( G, MO, P) GoogleMaps   ; Moramanga, Ambatovy-Beroy , 18°49’44”S 48°19’59”E, 6. V.2011, Rajaonary 121 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Zahamena PN, Antanandava, Ankosy , 17°28’58”S 48°44’10”E, 997 m, 12.VII.2000, Rakotonan- GoogleMaps  

158 drasana et al. 417 ( G, MO, P); Vavatenina, Savaharina, Zahamena PN, 17°41’08”S 48°59’43”E, 650 m, 12. VI GoogleMaps   .2001, Rakotonandrasana et al. 489 ( G, MO, P); Manakambahiny Est, Sahamalaza, Zahamena RNI   , 17°43’30”S 48°44’35”E, 800-900 m, 20.VII.2003, Rakotonandrasana et al. 695 ( MO, P); Vavatenina, Ambodimangavalo, Antevibe-Sahandrazana GoogleMaps   , 17°32’S 48°48’E, 800-900 m, 30.VII.2003, Rakotonandrasana et al. 717 ( G, MO, P); Lakato, Anivorano, Agnalatsara GoogleMaps   , 19°07’29”S 48°23’32”E, 815 m, 1. VI GoogleMaps   .2007, Ranaivojaona et al. 1723 ( MO, P, TAN); Vatomandry, Ambalabe   , 19°09’33”S 48°34’40”E, 21.XI.2004, A GoogleMaps   . Randrianasolo et al. 904 ( G, MO, P); Lakato   , 19°03’43”S 48°22’16”E, 1062-1100 m, 2. VI GoogleMaps   .2007, A GoogleMaps   . Randrianasolo et al. 1132 ( MO, P); Zahamena PN   , 17°28’28”S 48°44’12”E, 880 m, 16.VII.2000, Randrianjanaka et al. 562 ( G, MO, P); Manakambahiny, Zahamena PN GoogleMaps   , 17°39’20”S 48°54’22”E, 750 m, 6.X.2001, Randrianjanaka et al. 649 ( CNARP, G, MO, P, TEF); Analamay GoogleMaps   , 18°48’38”S 48°20’30”E, 1100 m, 9.XI.2008, Ratolojanahary et al. 155 ( MO, P, TAN); Ambodimangavalo, Moango GoogleMaps   , 17°33’57”S 48°53’58”E, 740-1200 m, 25.X.2000, Ratovoson et al. 333 ( CNARP, MO, P, TEF); Ambatovy, Menalamba GoogleMaps   , 18°48’28”S 48°20’57”E, 1000 m, 7. VI GoogleMaps   .2007, Ravelonarivo 2511 ( G, MO, P, TAN); Ankeniheny   , 19°07’50”S 48°32’10”E, 922 m, 3.VIII.2007, Razanatsima et al. 296 ( G, MO, P, TAN); Ambalabe, Ambinanindrano II GoogleMaps   , forêt de Vohibe, 19°09’31”S 48°34’40”E, 536 m, 19. II GoogleMaps   .2009, Razanatsima et al. 664 ( MO, TAN); Moramanga, Ampitambe, Sahaevo   , 18°50’00”S 48°17’45”E, 1139 m, 11.XII.2006, J GoogleMaps   . Razanatsoa & Marcellin 285 ( G, MO, P, TAN); Périnet, Beravina, [18°58’S 48°16’E] GoogleMaps   , 8. VI.1951   , Service Forestier 3779 ( TEF); Moramanga, Ampasimazava, 10. VI.1954 GoogleMaps   , Service Forestier   GoogleMaps 12224 ( MO, P); Sandrangato, [19°06’30”S 48°14’30”E], 900 m, 18.XI.1965, Service Forestier 25491 ( MO, P, TEF)   .

Photos: A: A. Razanatsima; B: G.Schatz

160

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

TAN

Parc de Tsimbazaza

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

TEF

Centre National de la Recherche Appliquée au Developement Rural

I

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

J

University of the Witwatersrand

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Lamiales

Family

Oleaceae

Genus

Noronhia

Loc

Noronhia louvelii H. Perrier

Hong-Wa, Cynthia 2016
2016