Warimiri zumbi Tavares, de Mello & Mendes, 2021

Tavares, Gustavo Costa, De Mello, Francisco De A. G. & Mendes, Diego Matheus De Mello, 2021, A new genus and three new species of Agraeciini (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Conocephalinae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, with comments on the function of some phallic components, Zootaxa 5057 (2), pp. 201-227 : 213-217

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Warimiri zumbi Tavares, de Mello & Mendes

sp. nov.

Warimiri zumbi Tavares, de Mello & Mendes sp. nov.

Figs 14 View FIGURE 14 , 15 View FIGURE 15 , 16 View FIGURE 16 , 17 View FIGURE 17 , 18 View FIGURE 18 , 19 View FIGURE 19 , 21 View FIGURE 21


Type material. Holotype. Male. Holotype. BRAZIL, Alagoas, Murici, Estação Ecológica de Murici. 9°14’59”S, 35º49’04”W. 366m alt. 4–10.ii.2013. de Mello leg. CNPq-SISBIOTA. Preserved (in 80% alcohol). Repository: BOTU GoogleMaps .

Paratypes. 4 males. Same data as holotype (in 80% alcohol) Repository: BOTU GoogleMaps . 1 male. Same data as holotype (in 80% alcohol). Additional label: TETTIGO/MUR/646 IZ GoogleMaps : Repository : INPA . 1 female. Same data as holotype (in 80% alcohol). Additional label: TETTIGO/MUR/65J16. Repository: BOTU GoogleMaps . 1 male and 1 female. Same data as holotype (pined). Repository: MPEG GoogleMaps . 1 male. BRAZIL, Ceará, Ubajara, Pq. Nac. de Ubajara, Chapada de Ibiapina. 03°51’05” S, 40°54’35” W ca 860 m alt., 20–26.i.2013. F.A.G. de Mello, leg. CNPq-SISBIOTA (in 80% alcohol). Additional label: TETTIGO/IBI/646 IZ GoogleMaps . Repository : BOTU .

Etymology. The specific epithet is in honor of “Zumbi dos Palmares” (1655–1695). When slavery was still legal in Brazil, “quilombos” were refuges where slaves who escaped from their owners would hide. “Quilombo dos Palmares” was the most emblematic one of the Brazilian colonial era, serving as a shelter for more than thirty thousand runaway slaves at once. Zumbi, its last leader and local hero, led the resistance against the oppression of his people imposed by the enslavers between 1678 and 1694. This name is being established as a noun in apposition.

Diagnosis. The following combination of characters distinguishes Warimiri zumbi gen. et sp. nov. from the other congeneric species: fastigium of vertex, in frontal view, triangular but not heart-shaped; fore and mid tibia bearing four pairs of spurs medio-distally, and hind tibia bearing 3–4 pairs of spurs only distally ( Figs. 15A–B, D–E View FIGURE 15 ); inner genicular lobe of mid femora ( Fig. 15E View FIGURE 15 ), and both genicular lobes of hind femora bearing a minute spine ( Figs. 15G–H View FIGURE 15 ). Male cerci singular to the genus, leaking mediobasal protuberances or spines, bearing only a medio-distal inward blunt projection, followed by a subapical inward spine ( Figs. 15I–J, M–N View FIGURE 15 ). Sclerites TS claw- like, with acute apexes, curved laterally, enclaved in the process ti, which extends from the fold df to the cavity dc ( Figs. 17A–E View FIGURE 17 ). Vesicles ejv big, sclerite VS robust, standing vertically, with ventral arms conspicuously projected downwards, enclaved in a notably wrinkled ventral fold of dorsal lobe (vdl) ( Figs. 15B–C, E–F View FIGURE 15 ). Processes mp.dl smaller than the other two species ( Figs. 15A–C View FIGURE 15 ). Sclerites TS stand oblique when the phallus is retracted, converging to the sclerite VS ( Fig. 15B View FIGURE 15 ). Female subgenital plate small, produced into two acute projections posteriorly ( Fig. 19G View FIGURE 19 ).

Description. Head. Fastigium of the vertex in dorsal view blunt, wider and more prominent than antennal scape ( Figs. 14E, H View FIGURE 14 ; 19D View FIGURE 19 ). In frontal view, like an inverted triangle but not heart-shaped ( Fig. 14C, D View FIGURE 14 ); in lateral view, slightly elevated and protruding ( Figs. 14G View FIGURE 14 ; 19C View FIGURE 19 ).

Thorax. Meso- and metasternum transverse, trapezoid, wider than long, but longer than the other congeneric species; meso- and metabasisternal lobes reduced and acute ventro-posteriorly. Metabsisternum transversally separated from the metasternal medial plate ( Fig. 14F View FIGURE 14 ).

Wings. Radius, Medial, and Cubitus running alongside, touching, till the end of the mirror, where the Cubitus reticulates, and Radius and Medial continue till the distal border parallelly ( Figs. 16A–B View FIGURE 16 ). Left stridulatory file 1.08 mm long, bearing numerous microscopic teeth ( Fig. 16C View FIGURE 16 ).

Legs. Fore femora ventrally armed with 1–3 spines on inner margin ( Fig. 15B View FIGURE 15 ), and on the outer margin, when present, there is only one minute spine ( Fig. 15A View FIGURE 15 ); ventral surface of mid femora armed externally with 2–3 spines ( Fig. 15D View FIGURE 15 ) and internally usually smooth or, at most, with one tiny spine ( Fig. 15E View FIGURE 15 ). Inner genicular lobe of mid femora and both genicular lobes of hind femora with a spine ( Figs. 15E, G–H View FIGURE 15 ). Fore and mid tibia with four pairs of spurs medio-distally, dorsal surface smooth ( Figs. 15A–F View FIGURE 15 ). In lateral view, fore tibia straight, except by the tympanal area ( Figs. 15A–B View FIGURE 15 ), and mid tibia with dorsal surface slightly arched ( Figs. 15D–E View FIGURE 15 ). Hind tibia with 3–4 pairs of spurs only distally and, in dorsal view, sinuous. Hind tibia armed dorsally with multiple spines on both margins ( Figs. 15G–H View FIGURE 15 ).

Abdomen. Male and female tenth tergite very similar to Warimiri madiba gen. et sp. nov., with a posterior margin produced into two lobes ( Figs. 15I View FIGURE 15 ; 19F View FIGURE 19 ). Male cerci without basal appendage, only with a medio-distal inward finger-like projection, followed by a conspicuous inward subapical spine ( Figs. 15I–J View FIGURE 15 ). Male subgenital plate broad, wider than long, somehow cupuliform ( Figs. 15J–L View FIGURE 15 ). Female subgenital plate small and narrow, emarginated into two acute projections posteriorly ( Fig. 19G View FIGURE 19 ). The ovipositor is the longest of the genera (9.2–9.3 mm), strongly upcurved ( Fig. 16F View FIGURE 16 ). Phallic complex bearing sclerites TS not so long as in the other congeneric species, twisted and curved laterally, ending in a big curved spine enclaved in a sclerotized area that comprises the process ti, and converging basally to the medio-distal portion of the sclerite VS ( Figs. 17A, C–D View FIGURE 17 ). Process ti extends from the fold df to cavity dc ( Figs. 17A–B, D–E View FIGURE 17 ). Fold vdl conspicuous wrinkled, even when the phallus is everted ( Fig. 17F View FIGURE 17 ). Sclerite VS robust, with ventral arms entirely downwards, and the dorsal arm extending till the process ti. This sclerite stands vertically when the phallus is everted or retracted ( Figs. 17B–C, E–F View FIGURE 17 ). Processes mp.dl attached to the apical most portion of sclerite VS ( Fig. 17B View FIGURE 17 ).

Measurements (mm). Males. Total size. 18.5–23.2; Pronotum. 7.2–8.4; Width of pronotum. 5.9–6.9; Hind femur. 13.8–17.6; Tegmina. 3.9. Females. Total size. 25–29.5; Pronotum. 8–8.5; Width of pronotum. 6.7–7.2; Hind femur. 17–19; Ovipositor. 9.2–9.3.

Chromatic pattern. When dead and dried, body light brown ( Figs. 14A–B View FIGURE 14 ; 19A–B View FIGURE 19 ); when preserved in alcohol, yellowish. A lighter band extends from the pronotal disk anterior border to the tenth tergite posterior border ( Figs. 14B View FIGURE 14 ; 19B View FIGURE 19 ). Lighter macules are present on both sides of all femora; all leg spines black or dark brown-tipped ( Figs. 15A–B, D–E, G–H View FIGURE 15 ). When the specimen is alive, general color of body reddish or reddish-brown, with black marks on the lateral lobes of the pronotum ( Fig. 18 View FIGURE 18 ).


Instituto de Zoologia


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi