Clibanarius aff. tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850 ), Lima & Tavares & Jr, 2019

Lima, Daniel, Tavares, Marcos & Jr, Joel Braga De Mendonça, 2019, Paguroids (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae and Paguridae) of the remote oceanic Archipelago Trindade and Martin Vaz, off southeast Brazil, with new records, description of three new species and zoogeographical notes, Zootaxa 4694 (1), pp. 1-63: 11-14

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4694.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A24900FC-0D4F-499E-B7BB-566F6B7D350A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/87748C32-F81E-F408-CE89-FC76FD44F623

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Clibanarius aff. tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850 )
status

 

Clibanarius aff. tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850)  

( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A–C)

Pagurus tricolor Gibbes 1850: 189   .

Clibanarius tricolor   .— Stimpson 1858: 234; Benedict 1901: 142, pl. 6, fig. 2; Verril 1908: 447, figs. 61–63 [in part]; Schmitt 1924: 94; 1935: 200, fig. 61; 1939: 28; Boone 1927: 77; Provenzano 1959: 366, fig. 5a; 1960: 119; 1961: 153; Coelho 1965: 309; 1969: tab. 1; Sánchez & Campos 1978: 25, fig. 6; Coelho & Ramos-Porto: 1986: 51; Rieger 1998: 422; Melo 1999: 54, fig. 12 a–d; Coelho et al. 2007: 9, tab. 4; McLaughlin et al. 2010: 20; Nucci & Melo 2015: 333 View Cited Treatment , figs. 2c, 6a. 25, fig. 6; Lemaitre & Tavares 2015: 453, tab. 1.

Clibanarius hebes Verrill, 1908: 450   , figs. 65, 66 [in part].

Clibanarius brachyops Bouvier, 1918: 9   , fig. 3.

Clibanarius tricolor tricolor Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1968: 102   , fig. 61, tab. II; Coelho & Ramos 1972: 169; Coelho & Santos 1980: 143.

Clibanarius tricolor   .— Rieger 1997: 114; Masunari et al. 1998: 224, 225; Nucci & Melo 2015: 333 [in part, Espirito Santo only]; Sousa et al. 2015: 341, table 2, 3. [= Clibanarius antillensis Stimpson, 1869   , not Clibanarius tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850)   ] Trindade specimens. Clibanarius aff. tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850)   : 6 males, 6 females, 2 juveniles, + 88 specimens ( MZUSP 36151), Brazil, Espírito Santo, Trindade Island, Crista do Galo , 20°29’22.1”S, 29°20’03.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 12.vi.2012 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 8 males, 8 females, 7 juveniles, + 128 specimens ( MZUSP 36142), idem, Crista do Galo , stn tide pool, 20°29’22.1”S, 29°20’03.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 17.vi.2012 GoogleMaps   , snorkeling, 2.5 m; 3 males, 9 females, 3 juveniles ( MZUSP 36148), idem, Crista do Galo , stn tide pool, 20°29’22.1”S, 29°20’03.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 18.vii.2015 GoogleMaps   , snorkeling, 1.5 m; 5 males, 1 female, 6 juveniles, + 52 specimens ( MZUSP 36149), idem, Crista do Galo , stn tide pool, 20°29’22.1”S, 29°20’03.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 17.vi.2012 GoogleMaps   ; 1 male ( MZUSP 36146), idem, Enseada dos Portugueses, stn Farol , 20°29’52.3”S, 29°19’15.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 10.vii.2012 GoogleMaps   , SCUBA, 14.6 m; 21 males, 3 females ( MZUSP 36156), idem, Praia da Calheta , 20°30’37.6”S, 29°18’29.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 12.vi.2012 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 33 males, 2 females ( MZUSP 36155), idem, Praia da Calheta , 20°30’37.6”S- 29°18’28.1”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 11.vi.2012 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 4 males, 6 females, 1 juvenile ( MZUSP 36144), idem, Praia dos Andradas , 20°30’45.7”S, 29°18’21.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 21.vii.2013 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 3 males ( MZUSP 36147), idem, Praia dos Andradas , 20°30’45.7”S, 29°18’21.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 05.viii.2013 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 4 males, + 37 specimens ( MZUSP 36141), idem, Ponta dos Andradas, 20°30’45.7”S, 29°18’21.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 21.vii.2013 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 8 males, 2 females, 7 juveniles ( MZUSP 36158), idem, Praia das Tartarugas , 20°30’54.1”S, 29°18’18.2”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 05.vii. 2013m GoogleMaps   tide pool and rock shore; 1 male ( MZUSP 36161), idem, Parcel das Tartarugas, stn tide pool, 20°30’10.4”S, 29°17’58.3”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2016 GoogleMaps   , intertidal and snorkeling, 1.0 m; 1 male, 1 female, 2 juveniles ( MZUSP 36139), idem, Praia das Tartarugas , 20°30’54.1”S, 29°18’18.2”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 05.vii.2013 GoogleMaps   , tide poll and rock shore; 1 juvenile ( MZUSP 36159), idem, Parcel das Tartarugas, stn tide pool, 20°31’10.4”S, 29°17’58.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2016 GoogleMaps   , intertidal e snorkeling, 1.0 m; 1 male ( MZUSP 36160), idem, Parcel das Tartarugas, stn tide pool, 20°31’10.4”S, 29°17’58.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2016 GoogleMaps   , intertidal and snorkeling, 1.0 m; 1 male, 2 juvenile ( MZUSP 36179), idem, Praia das Tartarugas , 20°31’10.4”S, 29°17’58.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 12.iv.2014 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 1 male, 1 female ( MZUSP 36145), idem, Parcel das Tartarugas, stn Piscinal Natural , 20°31’10.4”S, 29°17’58.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2016 GoogleMaps   , intertidal and snorkeling, 1.0 m; 1 male ( MZUSP 36154), idem, Praia das Tartarugas , 20°31’10.4”S, 29°17’54.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 12.iv.2014 GoogleMaps   , tide pool; 6 males, 6 females, 2 juveniles ( MZUSP 36379), idem, Parcel das Tartarugas, stn tide pool, 20°31’10.4”S, 29°17’58.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 19.vi.2016 GoogleMaps   , intertidal and snorkeling; 3 males, 4 females, 3 juveniles, 2 megalopa ( MZUSP 36153), idem, Parcel , stn tide pool, 20°31’11.4”S, 29°18’00.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 15.vii.2012 GoogleMaps   , snorkeling; 3 males, 3 females, 6 juveniles, 2 megalopa, + 118 specimens ( MZUSP 36150), idem, Parcel , stn tide pool, 20°31’11.4”S, 29°18’00.6”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 15.vii.2012 GoogleMaps   , snorkeling; 2 males, 5 females, 4 ovigerous females ( MZUSP 36143), idem, Praia do Lixo , 20°31’29.8”S, 29°19’43.9”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 25.x.2014 GoogleMaps   , SCUBA, 13.7 m; 1 female ( MZUSP 36324), idem, Enseada do Príncipe, stn Paredão, 20°31’22.4”S, 29°19’52.0”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 09.vii.2013 GoogleMaps   , SCUBA, 19.5 m; 1 male ( MZUSP 36152), idem, Ponta do Túnel , 20°31’33.0”S, 29°17’59.4”W, J.B. Mendonça coll., 11.vi.2012 GoogleMaps   .

Comparative material examined. Clibanarius tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850)   : 2 males, 2 females ( MZUSP 36967), Brazil, Pernambuco, Fernando de Noronha, east of Praia do Porto , 03°50’05.1”S, 32°24’04.1”W, L.R.L. Simone coll., 30.iv.2005 GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, 2 females ( MZUSP 36968), Fernando de Noronha, west of Praia do Porto , 03°50’01.8”S, 32°24’01.1”W, L.R.L. Simone coll., 01.v.2005 GoogleMaps   ; 14 males, 8 ovigerous females, 4 females, 1 juvenile ( MZUSP 36969), Fernando de Noronha, Praia do Atalaia , 03°51’22.6”S, 32°24’37.2”W, L.R.L. Simone coll., 04.v.2005 GoogleMaps   .

Type locality. Key West , Florida, USA.

Distribution. Bermuda, Florida, Gulf of Mexico, Antilles, Colombia and Brazil, where it is restricted to oceanic islands so far (Rocas Atoll, Fernando de Noronha and Trindade ( Coelho 1965; Paiva et al. 2007; Nucci & Melo 2015; present study).

Remarks. The specimens of Clibanarius   from Trindade are herein provisionally assigned to C. tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850)   . The specimens from Trindade share with C. tricolor   s. str. the same pattern of transverse orange and blue bands on the articulations of P2 and P3. However, in C. aff. tricolor   from Trindade the meri, carpi and propodi of P2 and P3 have whitish or pale blueish backgrounds ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A–C), instead of the bright blue backgrounds of the adults of C. tricolor   s. str. ( Fig. 4E View FIGURE 4 ). In adults of both, C. tricolor   s. str. and C. aff. tricolor   from Trindade, the dark color on the chelae usually extends to the tips of the fingers ( Fig. 4B, E View FIGURE 4 ), whereas in juveniles the cheliped fingers are usually lighter than the palm ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ; Table 2 View TABLE 2 ). Juveniles of C. tricolor   s. str. can have P2 and P3 with pale blueish backgrounds, cheliped palm dark, with whitish fingers ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ).

In some species of Clibararius, such as C. virescens ( Krauss, 1843)   , there are considerable intraspecific differences in color between specimens from different localities or even within the same local population (e.g. Morgan 1985; Yoshikawa et al. 2018). At this point, however, it is unclear whether the differences in size and color patterns between populations from northern localities and Trindade correspond with an intraspecific color variation of C. tricolor   s. str. or with a yet undescribed species. Ongoing molecular and morphological studies of populations of C. tricolor   s. l. from throughout its presumed distributional range are expected to add to our understanding of the boundaries between C. tricolor   s. str. and C. aff. tricolor   from Trindade.

Clibanarius tricolor   is morphologically closely related to C. antillensis Stimpson, 1859   . Previous authors have found it difficult to separate between preserved specimens of C. tricolor   and C. antillensis   in which the color in life has faded away (e.g. Schmitt 1935; Provenzano 1959), and indeed we know of no realiable characters to date to distinguish between C. tricolor   and C. antillensis   other than the striking differences in color patterns. Specimens of C. tricolor   and C. antillensis   with color in life information can be easily distinguished from each other, for instance, by the presence of a transverse orange and blue bands on the articulations of P2 and P3, Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A–C (vs. P2 and P3 pereopods with a broad, longitudinal, light stripe on a dark background at their lateral sides in C. antillensis   , Fig. 4F View FIGURE 4 ).

Coelho (1965) recorded C. tricolor   for the first time from south of the Caribbean Sea (Rocas Atoll, some 263 km off the coast of Brazil). A few years later, Forest & de Saint Laurent (1968) assigned 133 specimens collected by J. Forest in the oceanic island of Fernando de Noronha (FN) to Clibanarius tricolor   (FN is located about 152 km east of the Rocas Atoll). Forest & de Saint Laurent (1968: 103) stressed that the specimens from FN are morphologically inseparable from C. chapini Schmitt, 1926   (known from the Cape Vert islands, and from Senegal to Angola coastal waters): “Aucune différence morphologique ne sépare les formes est- et ouest-atlantiques [ C. chapini   and C. tricolor   , respectively] et seule une différence de coloration, minime mais constante, nous interdit de les identifier”. To the best of our knowledge, there are only a few, scattered references to the colors of the chelipeds and ambulatory legs for C. chapini   ( Schmitt 1926; Forest & de Saint Laurent 1968; Manning & Chace 1990), and our attempts to obtain color photographs of C. chapini   failed. However, the brief color description by Forest & de Saint Laurent (1968: 99, key to Clibanarius   species; 103, Table 2 View TABLE 2 ) for the FN material closely matches the color of the specimens from Trindade, but differs from C. tricolor   s. str. (see above and also Table 2 View TABLE 2 ).

Clibanarius rosewateri   , a species being small in size (sl. ranging from 0.4–2.4 mm) so far endemic to Ascension Island, is also morphologically related to C. tricolor   s. str. and C. chapini   . However, C. rosewateri   is unique in having a distinctive distal blue spot on the mesial and lateral surfaces of the propodus of P2 and P3, a character found neither in C. tricolor   s. str. nor in C. chapini   (viz. Manning & Chace 1990), or C. aff. tricolor   from Trindade. It is worth noting that in the original description of C. rosewateri, Manning & Chace (1990)   involuntarily also used three times the manuscript name Clibanarius ascensionis   , which becomes a nomen nudum and hence is unavailable under the ICNZ (1999: Article 13).

In the Table 1 View TABLE 1 we summarize the distinctive color characters between Clibanarius aff. tricolor   from Trindade Island, C. tricolor   s. str., C. chapini   , and C. rosewateri   .

In addition to the oceanic island records, there are three records of C. tricolor   from the Brazilian continental shores. Masunari et al. (1998) recorded C. tricolor   for the first time from the coast of Paraná, based on a single specimen caught during a 1-year survey at a rocky shore in Matinhos, with no further informations. Surprisingly, C. antillensis   was not found during their survey, despite the species being long known from along the coast of Paraná.

Nucci & Melo (2015) referred three males and three females (two ovigerous) from Camburí beach, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil (MZUSP 8867) to C. tricolor   . These specimens were actually caught in April 1960 by Henrique Rodrigues da Costa (see Rodrigues da Costa 1964) and were in his collections before they went to MZUSP in 1987, with no color informations. However, Rodrigues’ da Costa (1964) report on his field trip to Espírito Santo in April 1960 should have given rise to caution as actually only two Clibanarius   were recorded from Camburí, Tubarão Port: C. sclopetarius (Herbst, 1796)   and C. antillensis   .

The third record of C. tricolor   is an odd one from a Brazilian mangrove under strong influence of Amazonian waters in São Marcos Bay, Maranhão. This record was based upon a single specimen taken over muddy sediment with scattered vegetation ( Sousa et al. 2015).

We strongly suspect that the above records of C. tricolor   ( Masunari et al. 1998; Nucci & Melo 2015; Sousa et al. 2015) from the Brazilian shores actually refer to C. antillensis   as, in absence of adequate color pattern informations, this species is easily mistaken for C. tricolor   .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Diogenidae

Genus

Clibanarius

Loc

Clibanarius aff. tricolor ( Gibbes, 1850 )

Lima, Daniel, Tavares, Marcos & Jr, Joel Braga De Mendonça 2019
2019
Loc

Clibanarius tricolor tricolor

Coelho, P. A. & Santos, M. F. B. A. 1980: 143
Coelho, P. A. & Ramos, M. A. 1972: 169
Forest, J. & de Saint Laurent, M. 1968: 102
1968
Loc

Clibanarius brachyops

Bouvier, E. - L. 1918: 9
1918
Loc

Clibanarius hebes

Verrill, A. E. 1908: 450
1908
Loc

Clibanarius tricolor

Nucci, P. R. & Melo, G. A. S. 2015: 333
Lemaitre, R. & Tavares, M. 2015: 453
McLaughlin, P. A. & Komai, T. & Lemaitre, R. & Rahayu, D. L. 2010: 20
Coelho, P. A. & Almeida, A. O. & Bezerra, L. E. A. & Souza-Filho, J. F. 2007: 9
Melo, G. A. S. 1999: 54
Rieger, P. J. 1998: 422
Sanchez, H. & Campos, N. H. 1978: 25
Coelho, P. A. 1965: 309
Provenzano, A. J. Jr. 1959: 366
Schmitt, W. L. 1935: 200
Boone, L. 1927: 77
Schmitt, W. L. 1924: 94
Benedict, J. E. 1901: 142
Stimpson, W. 1858: 234
1858
Loc

Pagurus tricolor

Gibbes, L. R. 1850: 189
1850