Dryinus stantoni Ashmead, 1904

Xu, Zaifu, Olmi, Massimo & He, Junhua, 2013, Dryinidae of the Oriental region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), Zootaxa 3614 (1), pp. 1-460 : 296-298

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3614.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E75E5224-20F1-431C-A7CB-9EE0D3F25118

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6497950

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/8860B757-8F69-FEE9-48A7-5389FC82F848

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Dryinus stantoni Ashmead, 1904
status

 

37. Dryinus stantoni Ashmead, 1904

( Plate 85A, B, D View PLATE 85 )

Dryinus stantoni Ashmead 1904: 134 ; Olmi 1984: 806; Guglielmino & Olmi 1997: 227; Olmi 1998f: 161; He & Xu 2002: 275; Guglielmino & Olmi 2006: 50; Xu et al. 2011g (Suppl.): 16; Penati & Olmi 2012: 75.

Prodryinus stantoni (Ashmead) : Kieffer & Marshall 1906: 498; Kieffer 1914b: 53.

Paradryinus javanus R. Perkins 1912: 11 (synonymized by Olmi 1984); type locality: Pekalongan (Java, Indonesia).

Lestodryinus luzonicus Kieffer 1913a: 189 (synonymized by Olmi 1984); type locality: Mt. Makiling ( Philippines).

Lestodryinus stantoni (Ashmead) : Fouts 1922: 629.

Neodryinus stantoni (Ashmead) : Baltazar 1966: 204.

Dryinus szepligettii Kieffer partim: Ponomarenko 1981b: 879.

Dryinus lycormae Yang 1994: 38 (synonymized by Olmi, 1998f); type locality: Beijing ( China); Olmi 1998f: 161.

Dryinus gutianshanensis Xu & He 1994c: 266 (synonymized by Olmi 1998f); type locality: Mt. Gutianshan (Zhejiang, China); Olmi 1998f: 161.

Dryinus undatomarginis Xu & He 1998e: 309 ; type locality: Mt. Tianmushan (Zhejiang, China); syn. nov.

Dryinus lii Xu & He 1998e: 310 (synonymized by He & Xu 2002); type locality: Hangzhou (Zhejiang, China).

Dryinus wuyishanensis He & Xu 2002: 273 ; type locality: Mt. Wuyishan (Fujian, China); syn. nov.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 3.1–6.3 mm. Head black, except malar space, mandible and clypeus yellow; antenna testaceous, sometimes brownish, rarely with last segment whitish (in specimen from Thailand, 17°28.826'N 101°21.330'E, antenna brown, except segments 1–2 and 7–10 testaceous-whitish); mesosoma black, except lateral margins and posterior collar of pronotum reddish; occasionally posterior collar of pronotum black (in specimen from China, Liuxihe National Forest Park, pronotum brown, except posterior collar and lateral regions testaceous); metasoma brown-reddish; legs testaceous. Antenna clavate; antennal segments in following proportions: 10:5:26:12:9:8:7:7:5.5:9. Head ( Plate 85A View PLATE 85 ) flat, dull, granulated; face with few longitudinal keels; frontal line complete; occipital carina complete; POL = 4; OL = 2; OOL = 9; OPL = 1 (posterior ocelli very close the occipital carina, but not touching it); TL = 4; greatest breadth of posterior ocelli shorter than TL (3:4). Pronotum ( Plate 85B View PLATE 85 ) dull, hairy, granulated, with more or less numerous striae around and on disc; pronotum crossed by two transverse impressions, anterior impression slight and posterior one strong; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum dull, hairy, granulated, occasionally with posterior region reticulate rugose. Notauli usually incomplete, reaching about 0.5–0.7 length of scutum; in specimen from Thailand, 10 Km SW Chiang Mai, notauli complete and posteriorly separated. Scutellum and metanotum as sculptured as scutum. Propodeum rugose, without longitudinal keels on posterior surface. Fore wing with three dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein much longer than proximal part. Protarsal segment 1 slightly longer than segment 4. Enlarged claw ( Plate 85D View PLATE 85 ) with one strong subdistal tooth and one row of 11 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 85D View PLATE 85 ) with two rows of about 27 lamellae; distal apex with about 14 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Description of Male. Fully winged; length 6.0– 7.5 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous; antenna brown, except segment 1–2 testaceous; mesosoma black; metasoma black-brownish; legs yellow-brownish, except coxae brown-dark. Antenna filiform. Head dull, granulated; occipital carina complete; temple absent; POL = 6; OOL= 5.5; TL (visible inclining head) = 2.5; greatest breadth of the posterior ocelli shorter than POL (2.5:6). Scutum dull, granulated and rugose. Notauli complete, posteriorly separated; minimum distance between notauli longer than greatest breadth of posterior ocelli (7:2.5). Propodeum reticulate rugose. Fore wing hyaline, without dark transverse bands. Genitalia in fig. 4 in Yang, 1994. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Type: ♀ holotype of D. stantoni : PHILIPPINES: Luzon Island, Manila ( USNM); ♀ lectotype of P. javanus (designated by Olmi, 1982): INDONESIA: Java, Pekalongan, F. Muir, reared from Thanatodictya nymph ( BPBM); ♀ holotype of L. luzonicus : PHILIPPINES: Luzon Island, Mt. Makiling ( USNM); ♀ holotype of D. gutianshanensis : CHINA: Zhejiang, Kaihua County, Mt. Gutianshan, 29°03'N 118°02'E, 450 m, 21.VII.1992, Hong Wu leg. ( ZJUC); GoogleMaps ♀ holotype of D. lii : CHINA: Zhejiang, Hangzhou City, 30°02'N 120°01'E, 5.VI.1992, Xuexin Chen leg. ( ZJUC); GoogleMaps ♀ holotype of D. undatomarginis : CHINA: Zhejiang, Mt. Tianmushan, 30°02'N 119°07'E, 10–12.IX.1983, Xingsheng Wang leg. ( ZJUC); GoogleMaps ♀ holotype of D. wuyishanensis : CHINA: Fujian, Mt. Wuyishan, 15.IX.1989, Jiashe Wang leg. ( ZJUC). Paralectotype of P. javanus : 1♀, same locality label as lectotype ( BPBM). The type specimens of Dryinus lycormae Yang (holotype ♀, ♂ allotype, 18♀♀ paratypes and 14♂ paratypes) were originally deposited in CAU. They were not examined, because apparently lost. They were labelled as follows: Beijing, Chi-kun Yang reared from Lycorma delicatula , 10.V.1975, holotype ♀; 4.V.1975, ♂ allotype; 1973–1980, paratypes. Other material. CAMBODIA: Koh Kong Prov., 20 Km SE Koh Kong, 11°34'N 103°07'E, 50–300 m, V.2005, Jendek & Sausa leg., 1♀ ( OLL). GoogleMaps CHINA: Fukien (= Fujian), Shaowu, Mt. Wuyishan, Tachulan , 14.XII.1947, T.C. Maa leg., 1♀ ( TARI); Fujian, Mt. Wuyishan, 22–25.VIII.2007, Jie Zeng leg., 1♀ ( SCAU); Guangdong, Mt. Nankunshan, 8.VI.2002, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀; 2.VII–3.IX.2005, Zaifu Xu leg., 2♀♀ ( ZJUC); same locality label, 4–6.VI.2011, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( SCAU); same locality label, 17–18.VIII.2011, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( SCAU); Guangdong, Shixing County, Chebaling National Nature Reserve, 19.IV.2002, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( ZJUC); same locality label, 21–31.VIII.2003, Jujian Chen leg., 3♀♀ ( ZJUC); Guangdong, Yunan County, Mt. Tongledashan, 12–13.VIII.2003, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( ZJUC); Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve, 10.VII.2005, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( ZJUC); Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve, Protection Station, 16–17.V.2011, YPT, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( SCAU); Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve, Arboretum, 10–12.IX.2011, YPT, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( SCAU); Guangdong, Conghua City, Liuxihe National Forest Park, 29–31.VIII.2005, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( ZJUC); Hainan, Mt. Wuzhishan, 16–18.V.2007, Bin Xiao leg., 1♀ ( SCAU); Henan, Runan County, Sanmenzha, 1983, reared by Jingfang Dong from Lycorma delicatula , many ♀♀ and ♂ ( ZJUC); Hong Kong, Taipokau ( BPBM); Hubei, Lichuan District, East Ridge , Suisapa , 1200–1500 m ( CAS); Hunan, Shimen, Mt. Hupinghsan, Shimanzigou, 9.VII.2009, Li Ma leg., 1♀; Taiwan, Nantou, Meifeng , 2150 m, 24–26.VI.1981, K.S. Lin & W.S. Tang leg., 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Nantou, Wushe , 1150 m, 21–23.VI.1983, K.S. Lin & S.C. Lin leg., 1♀ ( TARI); same locality label, 25–28.VI.1985, K.S. Lin leg., 2♀♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Nantou, Tungpu , 1200 m, 20–24.VI.1983 ( TARI); Taiwan, Nantou, Lushan , 1000 m, 27–31.V.1980 ( TARI); Taiwan, Pingtung, Shantimen , 28.III–1.IV.1981 ( TARI); Taiwan, Taichung, Wanfeng Hill, X.1984, K.S. Lin & K.C. Chou leg., 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Taitung, Chengkung , 16–17.IX.1982, K.C. Chou & C.N. Lin leg., 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Taitung, Tawu , 12–14.II.1981, L.Y. Chou & T. Lin leg., 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Taoyuan, Paling , 800 m, 3–5.V.1983, K.C. Chou & C.C. Pan leg., 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Klapan ( BPBM); Taiwan, Arisan , 10.X.1912, I. Nitobe leg., 3♀♀ ( TARI); Zhejiang, Mt. Tianmushan, 21–25.VII.2011, Huayan Chen & Chengyuan Jin leg., 5♀♀ ( SCAU); Zhejiang, Taishun County, Wuyanling Provincial Nature Reserve, 7.VII–5.VIII.2005, Jingxian Liu and Jie Zeng leg., 1♀ ( ZJUC). INDIA: Karnataka, Udupi District, Bhatkal , 27.V.2006, Z. Kejval leg., 1♀ ( OLL); Rajasthan, 15 Km N Udaipur , 24°45'N 73°43'E, 700 m, VII.2006, Z. Kejval leg., 1♀ ( OLL); GoogleMaps Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore ( BMNH); Tamil Nadu, 3 Km E Manjaler Dam , 15–18.X.1979, J.S. Noyes leg., 1♀ ( BMNH); Uttar Pradesh, Dehra Dun , 19.X.1979, Z. Bouček leg., 1♀ ( BMNH). INDONESIA: Borneo, Sidas , 8.VI.1960 ( OLL); Maluku Islands, Halmahera Island, Jailolo District, Kampung Pasir Putih , 00°53'N 127°41'E ( USNM); GoogleMaps Maluku Islands, Halmahera (= Halmaheira ) Island, 1♀ ( MCSNG); Sulawesi, Bantimurung, 05°01.041'S 119°40.622'E, 75 m, 30.VII–11.VIII.2005, Malaise trap, 1♀ ( MNHN). GoogleMaps LAOS: Vientiane Prov., Ban Van Eue ( BPBM); Vientiane Prov., Gi Sion village, De Tha Ngone ( BPBM); Vientiane Prov., Ban Van Heue , Phou-kow-kuei ( BPBM); Xaignabouli (= Sayaboury) Prov ., Sayaboury ( BPBM). MALAYSIA: Malaya, Pahang District, King George V National Park , Kuala Tahang ( BPBM); Malaya, Negeri Sembilan, Pasoh Forest Reserve ( AEIC); Malaya, Negeri Sambilan , Port Dickson , IX.1944, 1♀ ( BMNH); Malaya, Selangor, Ulu Gombak Field Studies Centre of the University of Malaya ( DETAM); Malaya, Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, University of Malaya, Rimba Ilma , 100 m, 14.VI.1990, forest trail, J. Heraty leg., 1♀ ( DEUCR); Malaya, Jahar , 15 Km NE Labis , near Pekan Aver Panas , 25–27.IV.1997 ( OLL); Malaya, Pahang, Tanah Rata , Gunung Jasar , Cameron Highlands , 19–25.VI.1995 ( OLL); Sabah, Sipitang, Mendolong ( ZIL); Sabah, Kalabakan, Forest Camp ( BPBM); Sabah, Sandakan ( AMNH); Sabah, Singkor ( BPBM); Sarawak, Ngungun, Ngemah ( PMA); Sarawak, Gunung Mulu , II.1978, subcanopy, D. Halloway leg., 1♀ ( BMNH); same locality label, 17.IX–23.X.1977, D. Hollis leg., 1♀ ( BMNH); same locality label, 1♀ ( AMNH). NEPAL: near Birganj, Lothar , 450', 1–12.IX.1967 ( CNC). PHILIPPINES: Basilan Island ( USNM); Biliran Island ( USNM); Luzon Island, Manila, 1♀ ( MCZ); Luzon Island, La Trinidad ( BPBM); Luzon Island, Mt. Polis ( MNCNM); Luzon Island, Imugan , Nueva Vizcaya ( BPBM); Luzon Island, Mt. Makiling , 1♀ ( NHMLA); Luzon Island, Laguna Prov., Los Baños ( NHMLA, AMNH); Luzon Island, Laguna Prov., 4 Km E Los Baños , 14°10'N 121°15'E ( GCC); GoogleMaps Luzon Island, Rizal Mts., Montalban , Wa –wa Dam ( BPBM); Luzon Island, Mt. Banahao ( NHMLA); Mindanao Island, Zamboanga ( BPBM, USNM); Mindanao Island, Butuan ( USNM); Mindanao Island, Dapitan ( USNM); Palawan Island, Mantalingajan, Pinigisan ( ZMK); Palawan Island, Mantalingajan, Tagembung ( ZMK). SINGAPORE ( USNM). SRI LANKA: Central Prov ., Kandy District, Anniewatte, 07°18'N 80°38'E, 1–8.V.1997, K.V. Krombein, B.B. Norden, A.W. Norden & J.W. Norden leg., 2♀♀ ( USNM); GoogleMaps Central Prov ., Kandy District, Kandy ( BMNH); Central Prov ., Matale District, Sigiriya, 07°57'N 80°46'E, 21.III.1999, C.J. Burwell leg. ( QMC); GoogleMaps Central Prov ., Kandy District, IX.1909, O.S.W. leg., 1♀ ( BMNH); Eastern Prov ., Ampara District, Lahugala, 15.VI.1976, K. Krombein leg., 1♀ ( USNM); Sabaragamuwa Prov., Rathnapura District, Gilimale Induruwa Jungle , 8.III.1979, Karunaratne leg., 1♀ ( USNM); Southern Prov ., Galle District, Kanneliya Jungle ( USNM). THAILAND: Chantaburi Prov., Soi Dao , Forest Insect Centre , 13°0'8.6''N 102°17'6.6''E, 197 m, I–II.2005, 1♀ ( DEUK); GoogleMaps Chiang Mai Prov., Chiangdao ( BPBM, AMNH); Chiang Mai Prov., 10 Km SW Chiang Mai, Doi Inthanon National Park , 1915 m ( PMA); Chiang Mai Prov., Maerim , 1–3.III.1996, 19–20.II.1997, 5–6.IV.1997, 17.I.2000, 22–26.I.2000, 8–10.II.2003, R.A. Beaver leg. ( NHMLA, AMNH, RABC); Loei Prov., Phu Ruea National Park , office, 17°28.826'N 101°21.330'E, 860 m, Pan traps, 9–10.VII.2006, Patikhom Tamtip leg., 1♀ ( QSBG); GoogleMaps Mae Hong Son Prov., Soppong , 19°27'N 98°20'E, 1500 m, 7–12.V.1996 ( OLL); GoogleMaps Nakhon Nayok Prov., Ban Na (= Banna ) ( BPBM). VIET NAM: Dak Lak Prov., M'Drak ( BPBM); Gia Lai Prov., Pleiku ( BPBM). Palaearctic: CHINA: Beijing ( Yang , 1994).

Hosts. Dictyopharidae and Fulgoridae ( Guglielmino & Olmi, 1997, 2006): in Indonesia (Java): Thanatodictya sp. ( Dictyopharidae ) (R. Perkins, 1912: as P. javanus ); in China (Beijing, Henan): Lycorma delicatula (White) ( Fulgoridae ) ( Yang, 1994: as D. lycormae ).

Natural enemies. In Java ( Indonesia) this species may be parasitized by Cheiloneurus javanus R. Perkins, 1912 ( Encyrtidae ) (R. Perkins, 1912).

Distribution. China (Zhejiang, Fujian, Beijing, Guangdong, Hainan, Hong Kong, Hunan, Taiwan), Philippines (Luzon, Basilan, Biliran, Mindanao, Palawan), Indonesia (Java, Borneo, Maluku, Sulawesi), Cambodia (Koh Kong), India (Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh), Laos (Vientiane, Sayaboury), Malaysia (Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak), Nepal (Lothar), Sri Lanka (Kandy, Matale, Ampara, Rathnapura, Galle), Thailand (Chantaburi, Chiang Mai, Loei, Mae Hong Son, Nakhon Nayok), Viet Nam (Dak Lak, Gia Lai).

Remarks. Dryinus undatomarginis Xu & He and D. wuyishanensis He & Xu were synonymized with D. stantoni following the study of the types of both species and comparison with the type and other female specimens of D. stantoni . No significative differences were observed.

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

BPBM

USA, Hawaii, Honolulu, Bernice P. Bishop Museum

TARI

Taiwan [Republic of China], Taichung, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

MCSNG

MCSNG

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

AEIC

USA, Florida, Gainesville, American Entomological Institute

DEUCR

DEUCR

ZIL

Russia, St. Petersburg, Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

AMNH

USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canada, Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian National Collection of Insects

MCZ

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MNCNM

MNCNM

GCC

GCC

ZMK

Ukraine, Kiev, Zoological Museum

QMC

QMC

RABC

Robert A. Belmont

QSBG

Thailand, Chaing Mai, Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

BPBM

Bishop Museum

TARI

Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

ZIL

Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

PMA

Provincial Museum of Alberta

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

ZMK

Zoologisches Museum der Universitaet Kiel

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Dryinidae

Genus

Dryinus

Loc

Dryinus stantoni Ashmead, 1904

Xu, Zaifu, Olmi, Massimo & He, Junhua 2013
2013
Loc

Dryinus stantoni

He, J. & Xu, Z. 2002: 275
Olmi, M. 1998: 161
Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. 1997: 227
Olmi, M. 1984: 806
Ashmead, W. H. 1904: 134
Guglielmino & Olmi 2006: 50
Xu et al. 2011g (Suppl.): 16
Penati & Olmi 2012: 75
1904
Loc

Prodryinus stantoni (Ashmead)

Kieffer & Marshall 1906: 498
Kieffer 1914b: 53
Paradryinus javanus R. Perkins 1912: 11
Lestodryinus luzonicus Kieffer 1913a: 189
Fouts 1922: 629
Baltazar 1966: 204
Ponomarenko 1981b: 879
Dryinus lycormae Yang 1994: 38
Olmi 1998f: 161
Dryinus gutianshanensis Xu & He 1994c: 266
Olmi 1998f: 161 .
Dryinus undatomarginis Xu & He 1998e: 309
Dryinus lii Xu & He 1998e: 310
Dryinus wuyishanensis He & Xu 2002: 273