Pristiphora bufo (Brischke, 1883),

Prous, Marko, Kramp, Katja & Liston 1, Veli VikbergAndrew, 2017, North-Western Palaearctic species of Pristiphora (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 59, pp. 1-190: 82-83

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Pristiphora bufo (Brischke, 1883)


Pristiphora bufo (Brischke, 1883)  Figs 108-110, 168, 275

Nematus bufo  Brischke, 1883a: pl. I, 1f. Nomen protectum. See Blank et al. (2009). Syntype(s) ♀ possibly destroyed ( Blank and Taeger 1998). Type locality: Sopot (Zoppot), Poland.

Pristiphora pallidula  Konow, 1902: 178-179. Lectotype ♀ (GBIF-GISHym3904, designated by Vikberg 1975) in SDEI, examined. Type locality: Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Pachynematus crassicauda  Lindqvist, 1964: 129-130. Holotype ♀ in MZH, examined. Type locality: Pälkäne, South Häme, Finland.

Pristiphora laricicola  Verzhutskii, 1966: 126-127, 21. Syntypes ♀♂ possibly in ZMUM, not examined. Type locality: Irkutsk Oblast and Republic of Buryatia, Russia. Synonymised with Nematus bufo  by Zhelochovtsev and Zinovjev (1988).

Similar species.

Females are most similar to P. paralella  . In P. bufo  , valvula 3 is clearly not truncate (Fig. 109) in lateral view (slightly truncate in P. paralella  ; Fig. 113) and anterior protibial spur is with velum (Fig. 34) (without velum in P. paralella  ; Fig. 33). Males are best recognised by examining penis valves (see the Key).

Genetic data.

Based on COI barcode sequences, P. bufo  belongs to its own BIN cluster (BOLD:AAU4835). Maximum distance within the BIN is 0.2%. The nearest neighbour to BOLD:AAU4835, diverging by minimum of 6.15%, is BOLD:ABV9415 ( P. parva  ). Based on nuclear data (one specimen and NaK), the nearest neighbour is 1.4% different ( P. siskiyouensis  ).

Host plants.

Larix  species: L. decidua  Mill. ( Kangas 1985, Huflejt and Sawoniewicz 1999, Pschorn-Walcher and Altenhofer 2000), L. kaempferi  (Lamb.) Carrière ( Huflejt and Sawoniewicz 1999; Pschorn-Walcher and Altenhofer 2000), L. sibirica  Ledeb. ( Vikberg 1975; Kangas 1985), L. gmelinii  (Rupr.) Kuzen., L. laricina  (Du Roi) K. Koch, Larix x eurolepis  A.Henry ( Huflejt and Sawoniewicz 1999).

Distribution and material examined.

West Palaearctic. Specimens studied are from Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, and Switzerland.