Glyptapanteles howelldalyi Arias-Penna, sp. nov., 1904

Arias-Penna, Diana Carolina, Whitfield, James B., Janzen, Daniel H., Winifred Hallwachs,, Dyer, Lee A., Smith, M. Alex, Hebert, Paul D. N. & Fernandez-Triana, Jose L., 2019, A species-level taxonomic review and host associations of Glyptapanteles (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with an emphasis on 136 new reared species from Costa Rica and Ecuador, ZooKeys 890, pp. 1-685 : 1

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.890.35786

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:FD8F6953-11F6-4DF2-950F-6A387340BCE5

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4056420

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/8EA4DAD0-5D01-2AA9-DF0A-057CF2B90EDC

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Glyptapanteles howelldalyi Arias-Penna, sp. nov.
status

 

Glyptapanteles howelldalyi Arias-Penna, sp. nov. Figs 101 View Figure 101 , 102 View Figure 102

Female.

Body length 2.68 mm, antenna length 2.63 mm, fore wing length 2.53 mm.

Type material.

Holotype: COSTA RICA • 1♀; 08-SRNP-72188, DHJPAR0031040; Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector Pitilla, Medrano ; rain forest; 380 m; 11.01602, -85.38053; 26.viii.2008; Walter Siezar leg.; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to larva and substrate, cocoons formed on 02.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 09.ix.2008; ( CNC) GoogleMaps . Paratypes. • 69 (1♀, 2♂) (37♀, 29♂); 08-SRNP-72188, DHJPAR0031040; same data as for holotype; ( CNC) GoogleMaps .

Other material.

Reared material. COSTA RICA: Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Potrero Argentina : • 59 (3♀, 3♂) (44♀, 9♂); 03-SRNP-9142, DHJPAR0000048; pastures; 520 m; 10.89021, -85.38803; 11.x.2003; Elda Araya leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; mass of brown cocoons tightly glued to each other and to the leaf, forming two rows of cordwood, a bit irregular, caterpillar must has been on the side; adult parasitoids emerged on 14.x.2003.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Estación San Cristobal: • 38 (3♀, 3♂) (27♀, 5♂); 04-SRNP-3377, DHJPAR0000284; rain forest; 640 m; 10.87097, -85.39144; 10.vii.2004; Elda Araya leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 17.vii.2004.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Corrales viejos: • 78 (3♀, 3♂) (40♀, 32♂); 04-SRNP-4458, DHJPAR0000277; rain forest; 495 m; 10.89974, -85.38085; 31.viii.2004; Osvaldo Espinoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 12.ix.2004.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Quebrada Cementerio : • 38 (3♀, 3♂) (23♀, 9♂); 06-SRNP-5536, DHJPAR0012096; rain forest; 700 m; 10.87124, -85.38749; 08.vii.2006; Elda Araya leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; two somewhat irregular rows of cordwood on each side of the cadaver, cocoons form on 19.vii.2006; adult parasitoids emerged on 26.vii.2006.

Alajuela, Dos Ríos, Sector San Cristóbal, Finca San Gabriel : • 51 (4♀, 3♂) (32♀, 12♂); 03-SRNP-34135, DHJPAR0000275, DHJPAR0001529; rain forest; 645 m; 10.87766, -85.39343; 10.xi.2003; Carolina Cano leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; very dense two rows of cordwood brown cocoons, but not on each side of the caterpillar but along the midrib of the leaf; adult parasitoids emerged on 18.xi.2003. • 24 (3♀, 3♂) (15, 3♂); 04-SRNP-4174, DHJPAR0001479; same data as for preceding except: 20.viii.2004; Yessenia Mendoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoid emerged on 14.ix.2004. • 26 (3♀, 3♂) (19♀, 1♂); 07-SRNP-2795, DHJPAR0020267; same data as for preceding except: 20.vi.2007, Minor Carmona leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoid emerged on 06.vii.2007.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Rio Blanco Abajo : • 103 (3♀, 3♂) (89♀, 8♂); 04-SRNP-1182, DHJPAR0020497; rain forest; 500 m; 10.90037, -85.37254; 04.iv.2004; Osvaldo Espinoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; two rows of cordwood brown cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 09.iv.2004. • 56 (3♀, 3♂) (27♀, 23♂); 06-SRNP-5231, DHJPAR0012009; same data as for preceding except: 28.vi.2006; Anabelle Córdoba leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate, cocoon characteristics not reported; adult parasitoids emerged on 12.vii.2006. • 45 (3♀, 3♂) (34♀, 5♂); 06-SRNP-5232, DHJPAR0012012; same data as for preceding except: 28.vi.2006; Anabelle Córdoba leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; adult parasitoids emerged on 11.vii.2006.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Puente Palma : • 21 (3♀, 0 ♂) (18♀, 0 ♂); 03-SRNP-9723, DHJPAR0000274; rain forest; 460 m; 10.9163, -85.37869; 30.x.2003; Gloria Sihezar leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; row of brown cordwood cocoons on each side of the cadaver; adult parasitoids emerged on 08.xi.2003. • 84 (3♀, 3♂) (74♀, 4♂); 04-SRNP-4137, DHJPAR0001466; same data as for preceding except: 19.viii.2004; Yessenia Mendoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of stacked cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids on 02.ix.2004. • 59 (3♀, 3♂) (49♀, 4♂); 04-SRNP-4138, DHJPAR0001461; same data as for preceding except: 19.viii.2004; Yessenia Mendoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids on 02.ix.2004. • 104 (3♀, 3♂) (90♀, 8♂); 04-SRNP-4139, DHJPAR0000282; same data as for preceding except: 19.viii.2004; Yessenia Mendoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of stacked cordwood adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 02.ix.2004. • 54 (3♀, 3♂) (41♀, 7♂); 04-SRNP-4801, DHJPAR0001478; same data as for preceding except: 24.ix.2004; Osvaldo Espinoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 13.x.2004. • 66 (3♀, 3♂) (51♀, 9♂); 04-SRNP-4804, DHJPAR0001469; same data as for preceding except: 24.ix.2004; Osvaldo Espinoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of brown cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 09.x.2004. • 63 (3♀, 3♂) (53♀, 4♂); 04-SRNP-4814, DHJPAR0000279; same data as for preceding except: 24.ix.2004; Osvaldo Espinoza leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; cordwood cocoons on both sides of cadaver, cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 09.x.2004. • 47 (3♀, 3♂) (37♀, 4♂); 05-SRNP-6986, DHJPAR0004772; same data as for preceding except: 06.xi.2005; Yessenia Mendoza leg. GoogleMaps ; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 20.xi.2005. • 41 (3♀, 3♂) (30♀, 5♂); 05-SRNP-6987, DHJPAR0004778; same data as for preceding except: 06.xi.2005; Yessenia Mendoza leg. GoogleMaps ; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 20.xi.2005.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Alajuela, Sector San Cristóbal, Vado Rio Cucaracho : • 24 (3♀, 3♂) (15♀, 3♂); 99-SRNP-5745, DHJPAR0001520; rain forest; 640 m; 10.8702, -85.39153; 08.vi.1999; Gloria Sihezar leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; gray cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 12.vi.1999. • 52 (3♀, 3♂) (46♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-5588, DHJPAR0012117; same data as for preceding except: 11.vii.2006 GoogleMaps ; cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 24.vii.2006. • 60 (3♀, 3♂)(36♀, 18♂); 06-SRNP-5589, DHJPAR0012115; 11.vii.2006; cocoon characteristics not reported; adult parasitoids emerged on 22.vii.2006. • 42 (3♀, 2♂) (37♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-5590, DHJPAR0012109; same data as for preceding except: 11.vii.2006 GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons with caterpillar in between; adult parasitoids emerged on 30.vii.2006. • 24 (3♀, 3♂) (3♀, 15♂); 06-SRNP-5591, DHJPAR0012097; same data as for preceding except: 11.vii.2006 GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; larval caterpillar is still alive between the two rows of cordwood cocoons; adult parasitoids emerged on 28.vii.2006. • 60 (3♀, 3♂) (42♀, 12♂); 06-SRNP-5592, DHJPAR0012116; same data as for preceding except: 11.vii.2006 GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in third instar; brown cocoons arranged in two rows of cordwood; adult parasitoids emerged on 31.vii.2006.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Cacao, Puente Gongora: • 47 (3♀, 2♂) (42♀, 0 ♂); 06-SRNP-46302, DHJPAR0012108; cloud forest; 540 m; 10.88489, -85.47203; 23.vii.2006; Harry Ramirez leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; brown cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate, cocoons formed on 27.vii.2006; adult parasitoids emerged on 03.viii.2006.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Coneja: • 12 (3♀, 2♂) (7♀, 0 ♂); 08-SRNP-32254, DHJPAR0031042; rain forest; 415 m; 11.01525, -85.39766; 08.ix.2008 GoogleMaps ; Manuel Rios leg.; caterpillar collected in fifth instar, cocoons already present and adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 15.ix.2008. • 59 (3♀, 3♂) (59♀, 4♂); 08-SRNP-32255, DHJPAR0031039; same data as for preceding except: Calixto Moraga leg.; caterpillar collected in fourth instar, two rows of cordwood cocoons already present and adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 16.ix.2008 GoogleMaps .

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Estacion Quica : • 104 (3♀, 3♂) (38♀, 60♂); 08-SRNP-71793, DHJPAR0031105; rain forest; 470 m; 10.99697, -85.39666; 21.vii.2008; Leonel Siezar leg. GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fifth instar; two rows of brown cordwood cocoons already present and adhered to the leaf substrate; adult parasitoids emerged on 26.vii.2008. • 97 (3♀, 3♂) (33♀, 58♂); 08-SRNP-71803, DHJPAR0031096; same data as for preceding except: 25.vii.2008 GoogleMaps ; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; brown cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 03.viii. 208; adult parasitoids emerged on 11.viii.2008. • 96 (3♀, 3♂) (74♀, 16♂); 08-SRNP-72135, DHJPAR0031033; same data as for preceding except: 25.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; double cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 08.ix.2008. • 63 (3♀, 3♂) (27♀, 30♂); 08-SRNP-72136, DHJPAR0031027; same data as for preceding except: 25.viii.2008; Ronald Siezar leg. GoogleMaps ; double cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 05.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 11.ix.2008. • 64 (3♀, 3♂) (54♀, 4♂); 08-SRNP-72138, DHJPAR0031026; same data as for preceding except: 25.viii.2008; Marta Acosta leg. GoogleMaps ; two rows of brown cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 26.viii.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 02.ix.2008. • 135 (3♀, 3♂) (109♀, 20♂); 08-SRNP-72383, DHJPAR0031030; same data as for preceding except: 13.ix.2008; Walter Siezar leg. GoogleMaps ; cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 17.ix.2008; cocoon characteristics not reported; adult parasitoids emerged on 25.ix.2008. • 121 (3♀, 3♂) (96♀, 59♂); 08-SRNP-72384, DHJPAR0031041; same data as for preceding except: 13.ix.2008 GoogleMaps ; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 17.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 23.ix.2008. • 106 (3♀, 3♂) (27♀, 73♂); 08-SRNP-72385, DHJPAR0031034; same data as for preceding except: 13.ix.2008 GoogleMaps ; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 18.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 24.ix.2008. • 134 (3♀, 3♂) (65♀, 62♂); 08-SRNP-72386, DHJPAR0031021; same data as for preceding except: 13.ix.2008; Marta Acosta leg. GoogleMaps ; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 17.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 23.ix.2008. • 48 (3♀, 3♂) (39♀, 3♂); 09-SRNP-70451, DHJPAR0035403; same data as for preceding except: 19.v.2009; Calixto Moraga leg. GoogleMaps ; mass of very ordered cocoons on leaf below alive caterpillar; adult parasitoids emerged on 25.v.2009. • 56 (5♀, 5♂) (42♀, 4♂); 09-SRNP-70452, DHJPAR0035427; same data as for preceding except: 19.v.2009; Ricardo Calero leg. GoogleMaps ; row of cordwood cocoons on each side of alive caterpillar; adult parasitoids emerged on 24.v.2009.

Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Guanacaste, Sector Pitilla, Medrano : • 19 (3♀, 3♂) (13♀, 0 ♂); 08-SRNP-72115, DHJPAR0031020; rain forest; 380 m; 11.01602, -85.38053; 20.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Leonel Siezar leg.; caterpillar collected in fourth instar; cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 29.viii.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 06.ix.2008. • 100 (3♀, 3♂) (89♀, 5♂); 08-SRNP-72116, DHJPAR0031035; same data as for preceding except: Marta Acosta leg.; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008 GoogleMaps ; adult parasitoids emerged on 09.ix.2008. • 68 (3♀, 3♂) (60♀, 2♂); 08-SRNP-72120, DHJPAR0031036; same data as for preceding except: Marta Acosta leg.; two rows of brown cordwood cocoons; adult parasitoids emerged on 05.ix.2008 GoogleMaps . • 48 (3♀, 3♂) (38♀, 4♂); 08-SRNP-72184, DHJPAR0031038; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Walter Siezar leg.; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008. • 88 (3♀, 3♂) (58♀, 24♂); 08-SRNP-72185, DHJPAR0031031; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Walter Siezar leg.; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 08.ix.2008. • 85 (3♀, 3♂) (67♀, 12♂); 08-SRNP-72186, DHJPAR0031028; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Walter Siezar leg.; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 07.ix.2008. • 27 (3♀, 3♂) (7♀, 14♂); 08-SRNP-72187, DHJPAR0031043; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Walter Siezar leg.; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 06.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 10.ix.2008. • 78 (3♀, 3♂) (46♀, 26♂); 08-SRNP-72189, DHJPAR0031024; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Walter Siezar leg.; double cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 07.ix.2008. • 109 (3♀, 3♂) (95♀, 18♂); 08-SRNP-72190, DHJPAR0031025; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 GoogleMaps ; Walter Siezar ; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 02.ix.2008 ; adult parasitoids emerged on 08.ix.2008. • 75 (3♀, 3♂) (45♀, 24♂); 08-SRNP-72192, DHJPAR0031022; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 ; Walter Siezar ; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 10.ix.2008 ; adult parasitoids emerged on 15.ix.2008. • 104 (3♀, 3♂) (28♀, 70♂); 08-SRNP-72194, DHJPAR0031032; same data as for preceding except: 26.viii.2008 ; Walter Siezar leg.; caterpillar collected in third instar; two rows of cordwood cocoons adhered to the leaf substrate and formed on 10.ix.2008; adult parasitoids emerged on 15.ix.2008.

Diagnosis.

Mesoscutum punctate throughout ( Figs 101B View Figure 101 , 102B View Figure 102 ), phragma of the scutellum partially exposed ( Figs 101C View Figure 101 , 102C View Figure 102 ), ntenna shorter than body, ventral margin of fore telotarsus slightly excavated, scutellar punctation indistinct throughout ( Figs 101B View Figure 101 , 102B View Figure 102 ), propodeal spiracle without distal carina ( Figs 101C View Figure 101 , 102C View Figure 102 ), petiole on T1 distally with lateral margins relatively straight, finely sculptured only laterally ( Figs 101D, G View Figure 101 , 102D, G View Figure 102 ), surface of metasternum flat or nearly so, precoxal groove deep with lineate sculpture ( Figs 101A, E View Figure 101 , 102A, E View Figure 102 ), fore wing with vein 1 cu-a curved, r vein curved, outer side of junction of r and 2RS veins not forming a stub ( Figs 101J View Figure 101 , 102I View Figure 102 ), dorsal outer depression on hind coxa present ( Figs 101A, F View Figure 101 , 102A, F View Figure 102 ), inner margin of eyes diverging slightly at antennal sockets, propodeum without median longitudinal carina ( Figs 101C View Figure 101 , 102C View Figure 102 ), lateral grooves delimiting the median area on T2 clearly defined and reaching the distal edge of T2 ( Figs 101D, G View Figure 101 , 102D, G View Figure 102 ).

Coloration

( Fig. 101A View Figure 101 ). General body coloration polished brown-black except labrum and mandibles yellow-brown; glossa, maxillary and labial palps and tegulae yellow; scape and pedicel yellow, but laterally brown; three most proximal antennal flagellomeres dorsally lighter (yellow-brown) than ventrally (dark brown), remaining flagellomeres dark brown on both sides. Eyes and ocelli silver. Fore and middle legs yellow except coxae and claws brown-black; hind legs yellow except coxae, apex of femora and most part of the tibiae brown-black, tarsomeres brown except proximal half of basitarsus. Petiole on T1 black, but middle yellow and sublateral areas yellow; T2 with median and very narrow adjacent areas black and lateral ends yellow; T3 black, but proximal corners yellow and distal corners with one oval yellow spot at each side; T3 and beyond brown; distally each tergum with a narrow transparent band. In lateral view, T1-2 completely yellow; T3 yellow, dorsally dark brown; T4 and beyond completely brown. S1-2 completely yellow; S3 yellow distally with a narrow brown band; S4 proximally with a narrow yellow band, distally with a wide brown band; penultimalte sternum and hypopygium completely brown.

Description.

Head ( Fig. 101A, B, E View Figure 101 ). Head triangular with pubescence short and dense. Proximal three antennal flagellomeres longer than wide (0.21:0.06, 0.20:0.06, 0.20:0.06), distal antennal flagellomere longer than penultimate (0.13:0.06, 0.09:0.06), antenna shorter than body (2.63, 2.68); antennal scrobes-frons shallow. Face flat or nearly so, with dense fine punctations, interspaces wavy and longitudinal median carina present. Frons smooth. Temple wide, punctate and interspaces wavy. Inner margin of eyes diverging slightly at antennal sockets; in lateral view, eye anteriorly convex and posteriorly straight. POL shorter than OOL (0.10, 0.13). Malar suture present. Median area between lateral ocelli without depression. Vertex laterally rounded and dorsally wide.

Mesosoma ( Fig. 101 A–C, E View Figure 101 ). Mesosoma dorsoventrally convex. Distal 1/3 of mesoscutum with lateral margin slightly dented, punctation distinct throughout, interspaces wavy/lacunose. Scutellum triangular, apex sloped and fused with BS, scutellar punctation indistinct throughout, in profile scutellum flat and on same plane as mesoscutum, phragma of the scutellum partially exposed; BS only very partially overlapping the MPM; ATS demilune with short stubs delineating the area; dorsal ATS groove with semicircular/parallel carinae. Transscutal articulation with small and heterogeneous foveae, area just behind transscutal articulation smooth, shiny and depressed centrally. Metanotum with BM wider than PFM (clearly differentiated); MPM circular and bisected by a median longitudinal carina; AFM without setiferous lobes and not as well delineated as PFM; PFM thick and smooth; ATM proximally with semircular/undulate carina and distally smooth. Propodeum without median longitudinal carina, proximal half curved and relatively polished and distal half relatively polished; distal edge of propodeum with a flange at each side and without stubs; propodeal spiracle without distal carina; nucha surrounded by very short radiating carinae. Pronotum with a distinct dorsal furrow, dorsally with a well-defined smooth band; central area of pronotum smooth, but both dorsal and ventral furrows with short parallel carinae. Propleuron with a mix of rugae and fine punctation, dorsally with a carina. Metasternum flat or nearly so. Contour of mesopleuron straight/angulate or nearly so; precoxal groove deep with faintly lineate sculpture; epicnemial ridge elongated more fusiform (tapering at both ends).

Legs. Ventral margin of fore telotarsus slightly excavated and with a tiny curved seta, fore telotarsus almost same width throughout and longer than fourth tarsomere (0.12, 0.08). Hind coxa with punctation only on ventral surface and dorsal outer depression present. Inner spur of hind tibia longer than outer spur (0.26, 0.19), entire surface of hind tibia with dense strong spines clearly differentiated by color and length. Hind telotarsus longer than fourth tarsomere (0.16, 0.11).

Wings ( Fig. 101J, K View Figure 101 ). Fore wing with r vein slightly curved; 2RS vein slightly convex to convex; r and 2RS veins forming a weak, even curve at their junction and outer side of junction not forming a stub; 2M vein slightly curved/swollen; distally fore wing [where spectral veins are] with microtrichiae more densely concentrated than the rest of the wing; anal cell 1/3 proximally lacking microtrichiae; subbasal cell with a small smooth area; vein 2CUa absent and 2CUb spectral; vein 2 cu-a absent; vein 2-1A present only proximally as tubular vein; tubular vein 1 cu-a curved and complete, but junction with 1-1A vein spectral. Hind wing with vannal lobe narrow, subdistally and subproximally straightened, and setae present only proximally.

Metasoma ( Fig. 101A, D, F–I View Figure 101 ). Metasoma laterally compressed. Petiole on T1 finely sculptured only laterally, virtually parallel-sided over most of length, but narrowing over distal 1/3 (length 0.35, maximum width 0.21, minimum width 0.10), and with scattered pubescence on distal half only laterally. Lateral grooves delimiting the median area on T2 clearly defined and reaching the distal edge of T2 (length median area 0.18, length T2 0.18), edges of median area polished and lateral grooves deep, median area broader than long (length 0.18, maximum width 0.25, minimum width 0.08); T2 with scattered pubescence only distally. T3 longer than T2 (0.24, 0.18) and with scattered pubescence throughout. Pubescence on hypopygium dense.

Cocoons (Fig. 4 AB). Brown oval cocoons with ordered silk fibers, but covered by a net. Two rows of cordwood cocoons on each side of living caterpillar and attached to cuticle.

Male

( Fig. 102 A–J View Figure 102 ). Similar in coloration and shape to female.

Etymology.

Howell Vann Daly Jr. (30 Oct 1933 - 27 Aug 2018) was a professor emeritus at the department of Environmental Science, Policy, & Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. His career was focused on biosystematics of bees, using traditional and modern taxonomic procedures, including the use of computers in classification, data analysis, and management.

Distribution.

Parasitized caterpillars were collected in Costa Rica, ACG, Sector Cacao (Puente Gongora), Sector Pitilla (Coneja, Estación Quica, and Medrano), and Sector San Cristóbal (Corrales viejos, Estación San Cristobal, Finca San Gabriel, Potrero Argentina, Puente Palma, Quebrada Cementerio, Río Blanco Abajo, and Vado Río Cucaracho), during June 1999, October-November 2003, April, July-August, and September 2004, November 2005, June-July 2006, June 2007, July-September 2008, and May 2009 at 380 m, 415 m, 460 m, 470 m, 495 m, 500 m, 520 m, 540 m, 640 m, 645 m, and 700 m in rain and cloud forests.

Biology.

The lifestyle of this parasitoid species is gregarious.

Host.

Dyops chromatophila Walker ( Noctuidae : Catocalinae) (Fig. 4 AB) feeding on Coussapoa nymphaeifolia and Cecropia peltata ( Urticaceae). Caterpillars were collected in third, fourth, and fifth instar.

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

MPM

Milwaukee Public Museum

BM

Bristol Museum

CA

Chicago Academy of Sciences