Cladonia scholanderi Abbayes (1949: 92)

Yánez-Ayabaca, A., Ahti, T. & Bungartz, F., 2013, The Family Cladoniaceae (Lecanorales) in the Galapagos Islands, Phytotaxa 129 (1), pp. 1-33: 25

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.129.1.1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5085696

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9360F21A-087B-7733-FF04-FF4CFAD9FBC8

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Cladonia scholanderi Abbayes (1949: 92)
status

 

Cladonia scholanderi Abbayes (1949: 92)  

( Fig. 6b View FIGURE 6 )

Primary thallus subpersistent, of small, narrow squamules, esorediate, epruinose; podetia common, conspicuously yellowish green to pale yellow green, elongate, slender, 3–10 (–14.5) cm tall; unbranched to sparsely branched from the rim of narrow, open funnels; axils perforate; tips of funnel proliferations subulate; surface verrucose-arachnoid, densely granulose, but occasionally with schizidia and microsquamules; farinose soredia rare; pycnidia hyaline; apothecia not seen.

Spot tests and chemistry: P+ yellow; K+ yellow, C−, KC−, UV−; thamnolic and usnic acids.

Distribution and ecology: Known only from Isabela and Santa Cruz Island; known only from the humid zone, typically in fern-sedge grassland, often also part of reindeer heaths.

Notes: Cladonia scholanderi   is easily recognized by its long, slender, elongate, conspicuously yellowish green podetia. It is also the only Galapagos species with “bottomless” cups, i.e., cups that are not scyphose but are open funnels.

Selected specimens examined: ECUADOR. GALAPAGOS: Isabela Island, Volcán Alcedo, outer Eexposed slope just below the crater rim, 0°25’17”S, 91°5’8”W, 1077 m, humid zone, basalt outcrops, on rock, 8 Mar 2006, Aptroot, A. 65172 ( CDS 31756 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Volcán Sierra Negra, South side of Sierra Negra crater, trail to Alemania , 0°51’17.60”S, 91°8’55.2”W, 924 m, humid zone, on soil/rocks, 16 Aug 2008, Clerc, P. 08-237, 08- 193, 08-196 ( CDS 40091 View Materials , 40047, 40050) GoogleMaps   , Herrera - Campos, M.A. 10707, 10704 ( CDS 40445 View Materials , 40442)   , Truong , C. 1251 ( CDS 39562 View Materials )   , Bungartz , F. 8346, 8347 ( CDS 40992 View Materials , 40993)   . Santa Cruz Island, 700 m, 1976, Weber & Lanier L-63343 ( COLO, H), eastern slope below the summit of El Puntudo , 0°38’42”S, 90°20’14”W, 780 m, humid zone, on soil, 28 Feb 2006, Aptroot, A. 64673 ( CDS 31247 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , saddle between Mount Crocker and El Puntudo , 700 m, humid zone, on rock, 18 Apr 1976, Weber, W.A. ( COLO 297078)   .

CDS

Charles Darwin Research Station

COLO

University of Colorado Herbarium

Kingdom

Fungi

Phylum

Ascomycota

Class

Lecanoromycetes

Order

Lecanorales

Family

Cladoniaceae

Genus

Cladonia

Loc

Cladonia scholanderi Abbayes (1949: 92)

Yánez-Ayabaca, A., Ahti, T. & Bungartz, F. 2013
2013
Loc

Cladonia scholanderi

des Abbayes, H. 1949: )
1949