Uropoda lichenicola, Kontschán, Jenő & Starý, Josef, 2011

Kontschán, Jenő & Starý, Josef, 2011, Uropodina species from Vietnam (Acari: Mesostigmata), Zootaxa 2807, pp. 1-28: 19-21

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.202067

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scientific name

Uropoda lichenicola

sp. nov.

Uropoda lichenicola  sp. nov.

( Figs 49–57View FIGURES 49 – 53View FIGURES 54 – 57)

Material examined. Holotype. Male ( HNHM), Vietnam, Lao Cai Province, Sín Chai, Hoáng Liên N.P., Tram Ton, along and over a rivulet, 1936 m, 22 ° 20.941 ’N 103 ° 46.197 ’E, from lichens, 12 December 2008, L. Peregovits coll. Paratypes. One male ( ISB) and one deutonymph ( HNHM). Locality and date same as holotype.

Description. Male. Length of idiosoma 710–730 µm, width 470–500 µm (n= 2). Shape oval, posterior margin rounded.

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 49 – 53). Marginal and dorsal shields fused anteriorly. Central region of dorsal shield elevated from the other parts of dorsum, covered by small, oval pits, with six pairs of smooth (ca 60–100 µm long) needle-like setae. Lateral regions of dorsal shield with setae similar in shape and length to those in central region. Laterocentral part delimited by a strongly sclerotised line with three pairs of loops: first pair small loops at level of coxae II, second pair of larger loops at level of coxae IV, third pair at the end of the strongly sclerotised dorsal line. One large, U-shaped, strongly sclerotised line situated on caudal margin of dorsal shield, bearing two pairs of setae. Marginal shield reduced, its surface covered by small, oval pits. Marginal setae ca 60–65 µm long, smooth and needle-like. Four pairs of caudal setae situated on small smooth platelets, similar in shape and length to marginal setae.

Ventral idiosoma ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 49 – 53). Ventral idiosoma covered by oval pits, except a smooth area anterior to anal opening. Sternal setae short (ca 10–12), smooth and needle-like. St 1 situated near anterior margin of sternal shield, St 2 at level of posterior margin of coxae II, St 3 at mid-level of coxae III, St 4 at anterior level of coxa IV, and St 5 at level of posterior margin of coxae IV. Two pairs of ventral setae anteriorly to anal opening short (ca 12–15 µm) and needle-like, three pairs anterolateral pairs long (ca 50–60 µm) and needle-like. Four pairs of setae inserted in small protuberences near posterior margin of ventral idiosoma. Adanal setae smooth and short (ca 10 µm). Stigmata situated at level of coxae III. Peritremes s-shaped. Genital shield rounded, subdivided into two plates, without setae. Base of tritosternum wide, tritosternal laciniae subdivided into two very short, spine-like lateral branches and one long central point ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 49 – 53).

Legs with smooth and needle-like setae, leg I without ambulacral claws.

Gnathosoma ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 49 – 53). Corniculi horn-like, internal malae longer than corniculi, their margins pilose. Hypostomal setae h 1 smooth, long (ca 57 µm), situated near anterior margins of gnathosoma, h 2 marginally serrate, ca 25 µm, h 3 and h 4 similar in shape to h 2, h 3 ca 20 µm and h 4 ca 15 µm long. Base of epistome marginally serrate, apical part pilose ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 49 – 53). Chelicerae not clearly visible.

Deutonymph. Length of idiosoma 640 μm, width 460 μm (n = 1). Idiosoma oval, posterior margin rounded. Dorsal idisoma ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 54 – 57) covered by oval pits and bearing long (ca 50–75 μm) needle-like setae, three pairs near caudal margin inserted on small protuberances. Ventral idisoma ( Fig. 55View FIGURES 54 – 57) with sternal setae smooth and very short (7–9 μm), sternal shield covered by web-like sculptural pattern. Other ventral shields covered by oval pits, excluding anterolateral area of coxae IV and lateral to stigmata, with web-like structure. Ventrianal shield with two pairs of long setae (ca 42–45 μm), and base of anal pedicel. Peritremes straight, with one small lateral branch in central region ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 54 – 57). Tritosternum ( Fig. 57View FIGURES 54 – 57) with narrow base, laciniae with one distinct basal branch. Gnathosoma ( Fig. 57View FIGURES 54 – 57) with corniculi horn-like, internal malae smooth. Hypostomal setae h 1 long (ca 31 μm), smooth, h 2 not clearly visible, h 3 smooth, ca 13 μm long. Epistome and chelicerae not clearly visible.

Etymology. The name of the new species refers to the habitat (lichens) from where the specimens were collected.

Remarks. The new species belongs to the Uropoda difoveolata  -group ( Hirschmann, 1972 a), on the basis of the well-sclerotised lines on dorsal shield, reduced marginal shield and the absence of pedofossae. Thirty species is known from this species group, but the elevated central region, the U-shaped, strongly sclerotised line on the caudal margin, and the third loop on the end of the well-sclerotised line are unique characters in the Uropoda difoveolata  group.


Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)


Institute of Spelology Emile Racovita