Trachytes vietnamensis, Kontschán, Jenő & Starý, Josef, 2011

Kontschán, Jenő & Starý, Josef, 2011, Uropodina species from Vietnam (Acari: Mesostigmata), Zootaxa 2807, pp. 1-28: 2-4

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.202067

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scientific name

Trachytes vietnamensis

sp. nov.

Trachytes vietnamensis   sp. nov.

( Figs 1–6 View FIGURES 1 – 2 View FIGURES 3 – 6 )

Material examined. Holotype. Female ( HNHM), Vietnam, Lao Cai Province, Sín Chai, Hoáng Liên N.P. Tram Ton, along and over a rivulet, 1936 m, 22 ° 20.941 ’N 103 ° 46.197 ’E, from moss, 12 December 2008, L. Peregovits coll. Paratype. Deutonymph ( ISB). Locality and date same as holotype.

Description. Female. Length of idiosoma 590 μm, width 370 μm (n = 1). Shape of idiosoma pear-like.

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 2 ). Marginal and dorsal shields not fused anteriorly. Pygidial shield small and rounded, placed between the posterior margin of dorsal shield and the anterior margin of postdorsal shield. All setae on dorsal, marginal, and postdorsal shields smooth, needle-like and ca 47–50 μm long. Surface of dorsal idiosoma covered by oval pits.

Ventral idiosoma ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1 – 2 ). Sternal setae short, smooth, and needle-like. St 1 and St 2 situated near the anterior margin of genital shield, their length ca 6–7 μm. St 3 ca 12–15 μm long, placed at the level of posterior margin of coxae III, St 4 ca 40–42 μm long, situated on adgenital platelets, St 5 placed near basal margin of genital shield, 10– 12 μm long. Sternal shield without ornamentation, but bears a strongly sclerotised, U-shaped line near the anterior margin. Ventral and inguinal shields not fused laterally, covered by oval pits, and bearing long (35–40 μm) needlelike setae. Setae X 5 (38–40 μm) and X 4 (14–15 μm) on small platelets situated in membranous cuticle. Adanal setae and postanal setae similar in shape to ventral setae, but shorter (14–15 μm long). Genital shield wide, oblong, with slightly curved anterior margin, its surface covered by reticulate sculptural pattern. Adgenital platelets present. Genital shield situated between coxae III and IV. Peritremes long and straight, situated near coxae III. Tritosternum ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 3 – 6 ) with wide base, tritosternal laciniae subdivided into four branches.

Gnathosoma ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 3 – 6 ). Corniculi horn-like, internal malae apically serrate. Hypostomal setae h 1 long (ca 70 μm) and smooth, h 2 short (ca 11 μm) and apically serrate, h 3 similar to h 1 in shape, ca 37 μm long. Chelicerae not clearly visible. Palp trochanter with two smooth setae. Margin of epistome serrate.

Deutonymph. Length of idiosoma 540 μm, width 310 μm (n = 1). Idiosoma pear-shaped.

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 3 – 6 ) with one pronotal, one pygidial and two mesonotal shields. Surface of dorsal shields smooth. All setae on dorsal idiosoma smooth, needle-like, and ca 17–23 μm long. Dorsal shields covered by alveolar pits.

Ventral idiosoma ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 3 – 6 ) with sternal, endopodal, inguinal and ventrianal shields. Sternal setae smooth, very short (5–7 μm), ventral setae placed on membranous cuticle, smooth, 18–24 μm long, adanal setae on ventrianal shield short (7–8 μm) and smooth. Tritosternum ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 3 – 6 ) with wide base, laciniae subdivided into two branches.

Gnathosoma ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 3 – 6 ). Corniculi horn-like, internal malae smooth. Hypostomal setae h 1 long (ca 50 μm), smooth, h 2 very short (ca 5–6 μm), smooth, h 3 similar to h 1 in shape, ca 37 μm long, h 4 short (ca 10 μm) and marginally serrate. Margin of epistome serrate. Chelicerae not clearly visible.

Etymology. The name of the new species refers to the country where it was collected.

Remarks. Till now only four species of Trachytes   were known with a wide, oblong female genital shield having slightly curved anterior margin, and these are distributed in North America and Central and Western Europe ( Trachytes lamda Berlese, 1904   , Trachytes balazyi WiŠniewski & Hirschmann, 1994   , Trachytes aegrotasimilis Huţu, 2000   , and Trachytes marilynae Huţu, 2000   ). The distinguising differences between the new species and the previously described species are presented in Table 1.

and Trachytes aegrotasimilis   .


Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)


Institute of Spelology Emile Racovita