Figitinae

Paretas-Martínez, Jordi, Rakhsani, Ehsan, Fathabadi, Khalil & Pujade-Villar, Juli, 2012, sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Figitinae) from Iran, with a key to the genera of Figitinae, Zootaxa 3177, pp. 43-51 : 50

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.210723

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6166787

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/9D4087D1-3B08-C500-83D2-54A5FA117765

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Figitinae
status

 

Key to genera of Figitinae + Melanips

1. Scutellum ending in a point ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 A,B) or with spine ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 C,F)............................................... 2

- Scutellum rounded, lacking spine ( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 A–C, 5 A,E,I)........................................................ 4

2. Notauli with transverse carinae ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 D); mesoscutum coriaceous at least in basal area next to notauli ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 D). Interfoveal carina below foveae level. Radial cell closed. Face entirely sculptured in both sexes ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 G)..... Xyalophora Kieffer, 1901

- Notauli smooth; mesoscutum smooth ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 E). Interfoveal carina at same level as foveae or higher and forming a sharp tooth ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 F). Radial cell open ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 K) or partially open ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 J); face in male with two shiny and smooth areas ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 H), and in female with irradiating strigae ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 I).................................................................... 3

3. Scutellum wrinkled and ending in a very short spine 1 / 10 or less length of scutellum ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 B). Wings glabrous; radial cell partially open ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 J). Male antenna with F 1 longer than remaining flagellomeres.................................................................................................... Xyalophoroides Jiménez & Pujade-Villar, 2008

- Scutellum carinate ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C) or rarely smooth ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A) and ending in a spine usually 1 / 3 of length of scutellum ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 C,F), though rarely very short ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). Wings with setae on disc and margin; radial cell open ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 K), sometimes with R 1 not reaching wing margin. Male antenna with F 1 subequal or smaller than remaining flagellomeres..... Neralsia Cameron, 1883

4. Metasomal T 3 with dense patch of setae laterally just behind T 2 ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 G)........................................ 5

- Metasomal T 3 glabrous, without setae or with a very few sparse setae ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 H,L)................................. 11

5. Mesoscutum smooth or at most coriaceous in basal area next to notauli, sparsely pubescent with some disperse punctation ( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 A,B).......................................................................................... 6

- Mesoscutum rugose, with uniformly distributed pubescence ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, 4 C)........................................ 9

6. Scutellum with one large squared fovea, though sometimes with a low carina at bottom of fovea ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A). Female antenna with distal segments very enlarged ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 D)........................................... Lonchidia Thomson, 1861

- Scutellum with two distinct rounded foveae ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 E). Female antenna with distal segments not enlarged ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 B)........ 7

7. Radial cell open. Scutellum smooth, with circumscutellar carina ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 B). Female metasoma shorter than head + mesosoma, not compressed, hypopygium not prominent.............................................. Paraschiza Weld, 1944

- Radial cell closed. Scutellum rugose, with or without circumscutellar carina. Female metasoma as long as or longer than head + mesosoma, very compressed, hypopygium very prominent ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 E)............................................ 8

8. Antenna 14 -segmented in both sexes. Male F 1 excavated. Areolet faintly indicated. Face striate.. Sarothrioides Belizin, 1961

- Antenna 13 -segmented in female. Male F 1 sometimes not excavated. Areolet present. Face smooth or sometimes punctate or coriaceous-punctate, but never striate...................................................................... 9

9. Notauli present..................................................................... Sarothrus Hartig, 1840

- Notauli absent.................................................................... Amphitectus Hartig, 1840

10. Veins of radial cell hyaline, not nebulous ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 G). Areolet present ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 G). Head sub-quadrangular ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 F). Scutellum without circumscutellar carina ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C)................... Melanips Walker, 1835 (currently included in the Aspicerinae )

- Veins of radial cell nebulous ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 F). Areolet absent ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 F). Head subtriangular ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 A). Scutellum with circumscutellar carina ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E).............................................. Nebulovena Pujade-Villar & Paretas-Martínez, 2011

11. Compound eyes glabrous ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 B)....................................................................... 12

- Compound eyes pubescent ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 C)..................................................................... 13

12. Radial cell open. Mesosoma smooth or with only some piliferous points ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 A). Mesopleuron smooth ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 A)........................................................................................... Trischiza Förster, 1869

- Radial cell closed. Mesosoma coriaceous with piliferous points and in females rugose-coriaceous laterally. Mesopleuron coriaceous with carinae basally............................................................. Seitneria Tavares, 1928

13. Scutellum smooth. Head in dorsal view very long, sub-spherical ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 D). Metasomal T 2 smooth..... Zygosis Förster, 1869

- Scutellum rugose, at least partially. Head in dorsal view not very long. Metasomal T 2 sometimes carinate.............. 14

14. Female antenna longer, F 2–9 longer than wide; F 1 in males filiform, not or only slightly modified. Pronotum carinate, at least basally ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 E). Mesosoma with sparse bristly setae ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 E). Mesopleuron striate, sometimes with a small smooth area ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 E). Radial cell sometimes partially open ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 F). Anterior half of metasomal T 2 in female usually striate, but not always in male ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 H)....................................................................... Figites Latreille, 1802

- Female antenna shorter, F 2–9 very short, as long as wide ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 K); F 1 in males curved, strongly modified ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 J). Pronotum smooth ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 I). Mesosoma with abundant lying setae ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 I). Mesopleuron mostly smooth, with carinae in lower half ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 I). Radial cell closed ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 G). Metasomal T 2 smooth ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 L)............................. Homorus Förster, 1869

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Figitidae