Pristiphora testacea (Jurine, 1807),

Prous, Marko, Kramp, Katja & Liston 1, Veli VikbergAndrew, 2017, North-Western Palaearctic species of Pristiphora (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 59, pp. 1-190: 95-97

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/jhr.59.12565

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:598C5BB3-2136-4D91-B522-FA14D8874A52

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9DF29407-5D57-EA36-EA5B-C16748428B77

treatment provided by

Journal of Hymenoptera Research by Pensoft

scientific name

Pristiphora testacea (Jurine, 1807)
status

 

Pristiphora testacea (Jurine, 1807)  Figs 7, 50, 59, 147-148, 261

Tenthredo Betulae  [sic!] Retzius, 1783: 72-73, by indication to Degeer (1771: 994, Pl. 37. Fig. 23). Primary homonym of Tenthredo betulae  Linné, 1758 [= Pamphilius betulae  ( Linné, 1758)]. Syntype(s) possibly in NHRS. Type locality: possibly Lövstabruk, Uppland, Sweden (place of residence of Degeer; see Taeger and Blank 1998).

Tenthredo betulae  Christ, 1791: 453, by indication to Degeer (1771: 994, Pl. 37. Fig. 23). Primary homonym of Tenthredo betulae  Linné, 1758 [= Pamphilius betulae  ( Linné, 1758)]. Syntype(s) possibly in NHRS. Type locality: possibly Lövstabruk, Uppland, Sweden (place of residence of Degeer; see Taeger and Blank 1998).

Pteronus testaceus  Jurine, 1807: pl. 13 fig. 8. Syntype(s) probably lost ( Zinovjev and Vikberg 2006). Type locality: not stated.

Nematus (Nematus) betulinus  Dahlbom, 1835b: 8. Note. Replacement name for "(an. Tenthr. Betulae  De Geer)". Syntype(s) possibly in NHRS. Type locality: possibly Lövstabruk, Uppland, Sweden (place of residence of Degeer; see Taeger and Blank 1998).

Nematus betularius  Hartig, 1837: 192-193. Holotype ♀ (GBIF-GISHym4688) in NFVG, examined. Type locality: Harz, Germany.

Nematus betulae  Hartig, 1837: 219-220, by indication to Degeer (1771: 994, Pl. 37. Fig. 23). Syntype(s) possibly in NHRS. Type locality: possibly Lövstabruk, Uppland, Sweden (place of residence of Degeer; see Taeger and Blank 1998).

Nematus melanurus  Hartig, 1840: 24. Syntype ♀ (GBIF-GISHym3347) in ZSM, not examined. Type locality: not stated. Synonymised with Nematus betulae  by Kriechbaumer (1885).

Nematus erythrogaster  Thomson, 1871: 103-104. Primary homonym of Nematus erythrogaster  Norton, 1864. Syntype(s) ♀ in MZLU, not examined. Type locality: Torekov, Skåne and North-Western Skåne, Sweden. Synonymised as P. erythrogastra  with P. betulae  by Konow (1890).

Nematus crassiventris  Cameron, 1878c: 267. Replacement name for Nematus erythrogaster  Thomson, 1871.

Nematus hartigii  W.F. Kirby, 1882: 127. Replacement name for Nematus betulae  Hartig, 1837.

Nematus luteogaster  W.F. Kirby, 1882: 132. Replacement name for Nematus erythrogaster  Thomson, 1871.

Pristiphora gaunitzi  Lindqvist, 1968b: 196, syn. n. Holotype ♀ ( NHRS-HEVA000003644) in NHRS, examined. Type locality: Vännäs, Sorsele Lycksele Lappmark, Sweden.

Similar species.

The most similar are pale specimens (with completely yellow abdomen) of P. pallidiventris  and P. conjugata  . Pristiphora pallidiventris  is best distinguished from P. testacea  by having valvula 3 with long medial projection (short in P. testacea  ) and short postocellar area (1.0-1.5 times longer than diameter of lateral ocellus, about 2.0 times in P. testacea  ). The bicoloured pterostigma (Fig. 43) of P. conjugata  is useful for distinguishing this species from P. testacea  .

We treat gaunitzi  Lindqvist as a rare colour form (abdomen dorsally black) of testacea  . We have seen one additional female with this coloration, from Pallastunturi in Finnish Lapland, that was reared from Betula  , the host plant of testacea  . The penis valve of what Lindqvist (1972) thought to be gaunitzi  , is not distinguishable from testacea  (Fig. 261).

Genetic data.

Based on COI barcode sequences, P. testacea  forms its own BIN cluster (BOLD:AAX8158) (Fig. 5). Maximum distance within the BIN is 0%. The nearest neighbour to BOLD:AAX8158, diverging by minimum of 6.17%, is BOLD:AAX8150 ( P. pallida  ). Based on nuclear data, maximum within species divergence is 0.0% (based on three specimens and TPI or NaK) and the nearest neighbour is 1.0% ( P. cadma  , both genes combined) or 0.9% ( P. parva  , only NaK) different.

Host plants.

Betula humilis  Schrank, B. pendula  Roth, and B. pubescens  Ehrh. ( Adam 1973).

Distribution and material examined.

Palaearctic. Specimens studied are from Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, and Sweden.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Tenthredinidae

Genus

Pristiphora

Loc

Pristiphora testacea (Jurine, 1807)

Prous, Marko, Kramp, Katja & Liston 1, Veli VikbergAndrew 2017
2017
Loc

Pteronus testaceus

Panzer 1806
1806
Loc

Pamphilius betulae

Latreille 1803
1803
Loc

Pamphilius betulae

Latreille 1803
1803