Strongylognathus testaceus (Schenck, 1852)

Lapeva-Gjonova, Albena & Radchenko, Alexander G., 2021, Ant genus Strongylognathus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Bulgaria: a preliminary review, Biodiversity Data Journal 9, pp. 65742-65742 : 65742

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.9.e65742

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A69520F6-E614-5535-9381-98E1F875D23D

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Strongylognathus testaceus (Schenck, 1852)
status

 

Strongylognathus testaceus (Schenck, 1852)  

Eciton testaceum   Schenck, 1852: 117, w, q, Germany.

Strongylognathus testaceus   : Mayr 1853: 390, m; all subsequent authors.

Eciton testaceum   Schenck, 1852: 117, w, q, Germany.

Strongylognathus testaceus   : Mayr 1853: 390, m; all subsequent authors.

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: A. Lapeva-Gjonova; individualCount: 1; sex: worker; Taxon: scientificName: Strongylognathus testaceus; order: Hymenoptera ; family: Formicidae ; genus: Strongylognathus ; taxonRank: Species ; Location : country: Bulgaria; stateProvince: Burgas; municipality: Malko Tarnovo ; locality: Strandzha Mt. , Bliznak vill. ; minimumElevationInMeters: 335; locationRemarks: oak forest, in a nest of Tetramorium cf. caespitum; decimalLatitude: 42.195; decimalLongitude: 27.3305; Event : eventDate: 05-05-2009; Record Level: collectionID: BFUS; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen Type status: Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: A. Lapeva-Gjonova; individualCount: 1; sex: worker; Taxon: scientificName: Strongylognathus testaceus; order: Hymenoptera ; family: Formicidae ; genus: Strongylognathus ; taxonRank: Species ; Location : country: Bulgaria; stateProvince: Blagoevgrad; municipality: Sandanski ; locality: Slavyanka Mt. , near Goleshevo vill. ; minimumElevationInMeters: 931; locationRemarks: rocky grassland with shrubs, in a nest of Tetramorium cf. caespitum; decimalLatitude: 41.4108; decimalLongitude: 23.5887; Event : eventDate: 04-05-2013; Record Level: collectionID: BFUS; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen Type status: Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: A. Lapeva-Gjonova; individualCount: 10; sex: workers; Taxon: scientificName: Strongylognathus testaceus; order: Hymenoptera ; family: Formicidae ; genus: Strongylognathus ; taxonRank: Species ; Location : country: Bulgaria; stateProvince: Blagoevgrad; municipality: Strumyani ; locality: Maleshevska Mt. , near Igralishte vill. ; minimumElevationInMeters: 916; locationRemarks: along a road at the edge of an oak forest, in a nest of Tetramorium cf. caespitum; decimalLatitude: 41.5688; decimalLongitude: 23.1213; Event : eventDate: 17-08-2014; Record Level: collectionID: BFUS; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen Type status: Other material. Occurrence: recordedBy: A. Lapeva-Gjonova; individualCount: 11; sex: workers; Taxon: scientificName: Strongylognathus testaceus; order: Hymenoptera ; family: Formicidae ; genus: Strongylognathus ; taxonRank: Species ; Location : country: Bulgaria; stateProvince: Lovech; municipality: Lukovit ; locality: Western Predbalkan , near Karlukovo vill. ; minimumElevationInMeters: 299; locationRemarks: rocky grassland, in nests of Tetramorium cf. caespitum; decimalLatitude: 43.1556; decimalLongitude: 24.0885; Event : eventDate: 05-06-2016; Record Level: collectionID: BFUS; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps  

Description

SEM images: Fig. 2 View Figure 2

Taxon discussion

Strongylognathus testaceus   appears to be the most common species of this genus, it widely spreading in Central and Southern Europe, southern part of east Europe, the Caucasus, Anatolia, south of west Siberia and northern Kazakhstan ( Radchenko 1985, Radchenko 1991, Radchenko 2016, Schulz and Sanetra 2002). In Bulgaria, it has been found in the southern part of the country: in the southern Black Sea coast (Ahtopol), Strandzha Mt. (Bliznak vill.), the Kozhuh volcanic hill and Belasitsa Mountain ( Lapeva-Gjonova et al. 2010, Lapeva-Gjonova and Kiran 2012). The previous record of S. testaceus   from Eastern Rhodopes (Dedetz vill.) ( Lapeva-Gjonova 2004) refers to S. karawajewi   (misidentification).

Strongylognathus testaceus   has long been known as a social parasite of Tetramorium caespitum   (Linnaeus, 1758), but was recently found in the nests of T. alpestre   Steiner, Schlick-Steiner & Seifert, 2010 and T. impurum   (Foerster, 1850) ( Wagner et al. 2017; our unpublished data).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Strongylognathus

Loc

Strongylognathus testaceus (Schenck, 1852)

Lapeva-Gjonova, Albena & Radchenko, Alexander G. 2021
2021
Loc

Eciton testaceum

Schenck 1852
1852
Loc

Eciton testaceum

Schenck 1852
1852