Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553 : 29553

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/14DA9F7F-80ED-4D69-93CD-C185F76FC148

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:14DA9F7F-80ED-4D69-93CD-C185F76FC148

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai Fleming & Wood   ZBK sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007342 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada; individualID: DHJPAR0007342; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT114-06, 92-SRNP-1048.11, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Chiringon; verbatimElevation: 250; verbatimLatitude: 10.8388; verbatimLongitude: -85.601; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8388; decimalLongitude: -85.601; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Melipotis perpendicularisDHJ02; verbatimEventDate: 24-Jun-1992; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007343 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007343; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT115-06, 91-SRNP-522, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Costa Rica; verbatimElevation: 275; verbatimLatitude: 10.8274; verbatimLongitude: -85.6365; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8274; decimalLongitude: -85.6365; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Metrialeucoplaga; verbatimEventDate: 28-Apr-1992; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0019834 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0019834; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAB382-07, 06-SRNP-15096, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Vado Poza Salada; verbatimElevation: 8; verbatimLatitude: 10.798; verbatimLongitude: -85.6498; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.798; decimalLongitude: -85.6498; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Toxonprucha Poole01; verbatimEventDate: 08-Apr-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0052586 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0052586; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYM1940-13, 13-SRNP-55372, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Estacion La Perla; verbatimElevation: 325; verbatimLatitude: 10.7674; verbatimLongitude: -85.4331; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7674; decimalLongitude: -85.4331; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Ramphiaalbizona; verbatimEventDate: 08-Aug-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0055058 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0055058; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYH1605-14, 13-SRNP-55366, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Estacion La Perla; verbatimElevation: 325; verbatimLatitude: 10.7674; verbatimLongitude: -85.4331; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7674; decimalLongitude: -85.4331; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Ramphiaalbizona; verbatimEventDate: 05-Mar-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0055059 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Guillermo Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0055059; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYH1606-14, 13-SRNP-55364, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Estacion La Perla; verbatimElevation: 325; verbatimLatitude: 10.7674; verbatimLongitude: -85.4331; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.7674; decimalLongitude: -85.4331; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Ramphiaalbizona; verbatimEventDate: 22-Feb-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0055854 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada; individualID: DHJPAR0055854; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYH2586-14, 14-SRNP-55795, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Aguacate; verbatimElevation: 335; verbatimLatitude: 10.769; verbatimLongitude: -85.4346; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.769; decimalLongitude: -85.4346; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Smyrastipatura; verbatimEventDate: 31-Jul-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0055856 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Harry Ramirez; individualID: DHJPAR0055856; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYH2588-14, 14-SRNP-55796, BOLD:ACE3368; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagacalixtomoragai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: calixtomoragai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Mundo Nuevo; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Aguacate; verbatimElevation: 335; verbatimLatitude: 10.769; verbatimLongitude: -85.4346; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.769; decimalLongitude: -85.4346; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Smyrastipatura; verbatimEventDate: 03-Jul-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps

Description

Male (Fig. 6). Length: 8-12 mm. Head (Fig. 6b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two pairs of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle gold; fronto-orbital plate brilliant silver and setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial shiny silver and bare; eye densely haired; facial ridge bare; pedicel orange, postpedicel dark brown-black; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus orange, clubbed and densely haired apically. Thorax (Fig. 6a, c): silver tomentose dorsally and laterally; densely covered with many short black setulae along anterior and lateral surfaces, interspersed amongst the setae; four thin dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, almost reaching 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 4-5 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3-4:4; intra-alar setae 3-4:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae curving inwards medially, as long as subapical setae; lateral scutellar setae less than 1/2 as long as subapical scutellar setae; apical scutellar setae 1/3 as long as subapical setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae set as widely apart as subapical scutellar setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 6c): brilliant yellow in ground colour except femora which appear reddish-brown; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 6a): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; vein R4+5 with only 2-3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 6a, c): ground colour dark brown-black; middorsal depression on ST1+2 almost reaching hind margin; median marginal setae reduced but present on ST1+2, strong on T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch indistinct/absent; silver tomentose bands present along anterior edge of T3 and T4, unbroken medially and covering almost 90% of tergal surface; T5 with silver tomentum throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 6d, e, f): sternite 5 (Fig. 6f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, smoothly U-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum. Lateral lobes of sternite rounded apically, devoid of any strong setae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 from subequal to slightly shorter than apical lobes; unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft rectangular, narrow and as wide as median cleft. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 6d) subrectangular and slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and slightly clubbed at apex, completely separate medially but not significantly divergent; in lateral view straight with a blunt apical hook slightly downwardly curved; densely setulose along entire length dorsally, setulose ventrally along entire length (visible in lateral view). Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 6e) almost parallel-sided along its length, ending in a slightly pointed apex, making the structure appear blade-like; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing to point outwards, not strongly convergent. Pregonite broad and well-developed, tapering apically to a rounded, slightly blunted apex; devoid of setulae. Postgonite narrow, up to 1/2 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex, scythe-like and subequal in length to pregonite. Epiphallus well-developed and apically hooked. Distiphallus rectangular in shape, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus, joining on both sides of anterior surface near apex.

Female. Length: 9-12 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: ocellar triangle gold, fronto-orbital plate silver and setulose, pedicel orange, three katepisternal setae, hind coxa setose, abdominal tomentum silver throughout, median marginal setae present on ST1+2, discal setae absent from T3 and T4 and sex patch absent.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n. is named in recognition of Calixto Moraga Medina's dedication and work at finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 8-215 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n. has been reared six times from six different species of Lepidoptera in the family Erebidae , Metria leucoplaga (Hampson, 1910), Melipotis perpendicularisDHJ02, Toxonprucha Poole01, Abacena accincta Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874, Ramphia albizona (Latreille, 1817) and Smyra stipatura (Walker, 1858); in dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrades.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Hyphantrophaga