Patrera dracula,

Martínez, Leonel, Brescovit, Antonio D., Villarreal, Eduardo & Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M., 2021, An update of morphological and distributional data of the genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Anyphaenidae: Anyphaeninae) with the description of twenty-five new species from Colombia, Zootaxa 4914 (1), pp. 1-64: 53

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4468383

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4469631

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A86D2765-3D47-FFA0-FF1D-FE12FC30FA0B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Patrera dracula
status

new species

Patrera dracula  new species

Figures 27A –FView FIGURE 27; 33View FIGURE 33

Type material. Male holotype from Parque Nacional Natural Farallones (3°26′0″N; 76°48′0″W), 650m, Cali , Valle del Cauca Colombia, 8.V.2001 - 19.VI.2001, S. Sorria leg. (ICN-Ar-9556)GoogleMaps  .

Etymology. The epithet in apposition referring to the mythological vampire Dracula, alluding to the large chelicerae, which resemble Dracula’s fangs.

Diagnosis. Males of Patrera dracula  n. sp. can be distinguished from those of the remaining species of the genus by the bifid, long retrolateral tibial apophysis and by the proximally inserted, arched embolus ( Fig. 27View FIGURE 27 D–F).

Description. Male (Holotype, ICN-Ar-9556). Carapace brown with dark patches, darker in the cephalic region ( Fig. 27AView FIGURE 27). Chelicerae brown. Labium and endites brown. Sternum yellow. Legs yellow, darkest at metatarsi and tarsi. Abdomen uniformly gray. Spinnerets gray ( Fig. 27AView FIGURE 27). Total length 4.69, carapace length 1.72, width 1.62, high 0.96. Clypeus height 0.08. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.07, ALE 0.16, PME 0.16, PLE 0.15; AME–AME 0.19, AME–ALE 0.28, PME–PME 0.39, PME–PLE 0.38, ALE–PLE 0.34. Chelicerae 1.57 long, four promarginal teeth, five retromarginal teeth; large; cheliceral ventral projection large and cheliceral dorsal projection sharp ( Fig. 27View FIGURE 27 B–C). Leg measurements: leg I—femur 3.93/ patella 1.05/ tibia 4.7/ metatarsus 3.98/ tarsus 1.84/ total 15.50; II—3.23/ 0.98/ 3.69/ 3.21/ 1.37/ 12.48; III—2.39/ 0.74/ 2.01/ 2.46/ 0.85/ 8.45; IV—3.32/ 0.81/ 2.76/ 3.74/ 1.05/ 11.68. Leg spination: I—tibia v2-2-0; II—tibia v2-2-0, metatarsus v2-2-0; III—tibia d1-0-1, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, metatarsus d0-1-0, v2-2-0, p1-1-2, r1-1-2; IV—tibia d1-0-1, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, metatarsus v2-2-1, p1-2-2, r0-1-1. Abdomen: length 2.74. Palp: retrolateral tibial apophysis bifid with the ventral branch wider, shorter than dorsal branch, which is thin; cymbium twice as long as tibia length; subtegulum longer than wide; tegulum longer than wide, with a very small ventral tegular process; median apophysis short, curved, laminar and medially situated; embolus short, laminar, curved, apically filiform, with narrow base and proximally inserted on the tegulum ( Fig. 27View FIGURE 27 D–F).

Female. Unknown.

Remarks. The holotype was collected in a Malaise trap. The specimen is damaged, the abdomen is in bad conditions and some legs are detached.

Distribution. Only known from Valle del Cauca department ( Fig. 33View FIGURE 33).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Patrera