Synophrus politus Hartig, 1843

Shachar, Einat, Melika, George, Inbar, Moshe & Dorchin, Netta, 2018, The oak gall wasps of Israel (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae, Cynipini) - diversity, distribution and life history, Zootaxa 4521 (4), pp. 451-498 : 480

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4521.4.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A4FD6137-25B0-43D5-845B-B4FDF4E9F5D7

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5949993

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/AC1F87FE-FFF9-FF9B-FF61-FF7FFD77B5DD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Synophrus politus Hartig, 1843
status

 

Synophrus politus Hartig, 1843

Host plants. Israel: Q. ithaburensis . Elsewhere: several species from section Cerris.

Host gall-wasp. The sexual generation invades galls of species in the Andricus burgundus complex ( Pénzes et al. 2009).

Life history. Known only from the sexual generation, which develops in galls induced by the Andricus burgundus complex (e.g., A. caputmedusae , A. coriarius , A. curtisii ) ( Pujade-Villar et al. 2003a; Pénzes et al. 2009). In Israel, this species has been reared from the clustered, conical bud galls of A. coriarius ( Fig. 52 View FIGURES 47–52 ), causing them to develop into a single spherical unilocular gall, up to 15 mm in diameter, of the same color of the branch, with very hard walls encircling a single larval chamber ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 41–46 ; Sternlicht 1968b, Figs 13, 15–17 View FIGURES 11–16 View FIGURES 17–22 ). Invaded galls were found in February and adult inquilines emerged in December-January.

Distribution. Israel: Mezar, Hosha’aya, Alonim, Tiv’on, Hasharon Forest. Elsewhere: Northwest Africa to Iran.

Comments. The galls of this species resemble somewhat those of Aphelonys persica but A. persica galls are light brown, with more delicate and sometimes wrinkled surface ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 35–40 ), whereas S. politus galls are of the same color of the branches, rougher and more rigid. Moreover, A. persica galls are hollow and thin-walled ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 35–40 ) relative to the very thick-walled galls of S. politus .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Cynipidae

Genus

Synophrus