Agonoderus (Anthracus), Motschulsky, 1850

Bousquet, Yves, 2012, Catalogue of Geadephaga (Coleoptera, Adephaga) of America, north of Mexico, ZooKeys 245, pp. 1-1722: 682

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.245.3416

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:68FE3835-2401-43A7-96E2-CF26532F7A60

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/AD31B3B7-A832-5C63-B4B4-750F3F35C449

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Agonoderus (Anthracus)
status

 

Subgenus Anthracus Motschulsky, 1850  

Anthracus   Motschulsky, 1850a: 21. Type species: Carabus consputus   Duftschmid, 1812 by original designation. Etymology. From the Greek anthrax (coal), probably alluding to the color of adults of the sole species Motschulsky had before him [masculine].

Balius   Schiødte, 1861: 184 [junior homonym of Balius   Guérin-Méneville, 1857]. Type species: Carabus consputus   Duftschmid, 1812 by monotypy.

Diversity.

Thirty-two species in the Nearctic (two western species), Australian (five species), Oriental (five species), Palaearctic (15 species), and Afrotropical (eight species) Regions.

Identification.

The two North American species have never been compared and the specific independence of the two not tested.

Taxonomic Note.

This taxon is considered a distinct genus by several authors, including Jaeger and Kataev (2003: 399). However, the main character state separating members of Anthracus   from those of Acupalpus   is the shape of the pronotum which is cordiform with the sides sinuate in basal half and the posterior angles well distinct, right (see Jeannel 1948a: 714; Basilewsky 1951: 232; Habu 1973a: 301-302). However this character is not constant. Antoine (1959: 453) reported that adults of Acupalpus (Acupalpus) cantabricus cantabricus   Piochard de la Brûlerie in Morocco have the sides of the pronotum arcuate and the posterior angles rounded while those of Acupalpus cantabricus zaerensis   Antoine (these two taxa are now considered separate species) have the sides sinuate and the posterior angles right and that some specimens greatly resemble adults of Anthracus   . Basilewsky (1951: 237) separated Acupalpus (Acupalpus) angulatus   Jeannel from most other species in his key to Afrotropical Acupalpus   by the clearly sinuate sides of pronotum with the posterior angles markedly acute. Other character states usually reported, such as the mandibles and antennae relatively longer, the prosternum with small setae, and the median line of the pronotum deeper, more or less sulciform in Anthracus   are also variable and not at all diagnostic of Anthracus   . Until the relationships between members of the acupalpine complex are better known, I prefer to follow Ball (1960b: 147), Lindroth (1968: 925), Noonan (1976: 24), and Ball and Bousquet (2000: 94) and treat Anthracus   as a subgenus of Acupalpus   .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Carabidae

Genus

Agonoderus

Loc

Agonoderus (Anthracus)

Bousquet, Yves 2012
2012
Loc

Anthracus

Motschoulsky 1850
1850
Loc

Carabus consputus

Duftschmid 1812
1812
Loc

Carabus consputus

Duftschmid 1812
1812