Asiobaccha notofasciata Thompson & Mengual

Mengual, Ximo, 2016, A taxonomic revision of the genus Asiobaccha Violovitsh (Diptera: Syrphidae), Journal of Natural History 50, pp. 2585-2645: 2612-2616

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2016.1206634

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6B627B0F-9440-47F1-90F4-9AF4C7308A99

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333804

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B23987DC-FF9D-FFDE-5E7F-D772FE23FD6C

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Asiobaccha notofasciata Thompson & Mengual
status

sp. nov.

Asiobaccha notofasciata Thompson & Mengual   sp. nov.

( Figure 7c, d, f View Figure 7 )

Episyrphus (Asiobaccha)   sp. of Carver et al. 2003: 111.

Episyrphus (Asiobaccha)   #88–16 Thompson, in litt. of Blüthgen 2003: 71.

Asiobaccha   88–16 Thompson, in litt. of Mengual 2015: 398 (DNA voucher CNC_JSM218).

Description

Male: Head. Face with distinct round facial tubercle, yellow, white pollinose, yellow pilose except black pilose laterodorsally; gena yellow; lunule yellow, yellow also between antennal bases; frons protruded forward, black with anterior M-shaped yellow macula, black pilose, golden-brownish pollinose posteriorly, shiny black medially; vertical triangle narrow, isosceles, with the ocelli on the anterior half, black, black pilose; antenna yellow, black pilose; arista dark brown, bare; eye bare, holoptic; occiput black, grey-silver pollinose, yellowish-white pilose on ventral 2/3 and brown pilose on dorsal 1/3 ( Figure 7f View Figure 7 ).

Thorax. Scutum black, brown pollinose, yellow pilose; mesonotal fringe or collar well-defined on anterior part of scutum, with white pile; postpronotum dark, bare; notopleuron black, densely white pollinose, yellow pilose; postalar callus lighter in background colour; scutellum brownish, yellow pilose, subscutellar fringe absent ( Figure 7c, d View Figure 7 ). Pleuron mostly dark brown to black, except posterior anepisternum yellowish on posterior half, katepisternum with dorsal yellowish macula, both areas densely white pollinose; katatergum whitish pollinose; anterior anepisternum yellow pilose on posterodorsal quarter, posterior anepisternum and meron yellow pilose, dorsal and ventral katepisternal pile patches broadly separated, metaepisternum yellow pilose ventrad to spiracle; metasternum bare; calypter yellow; plumula yellow; halter brown; posterior spiracular fringes yellow. Wing: membrane hyaline, lightly infuscated medially; stigma brown; extensively microtrichose, except costal cell bare very basally, cell R bare on basal half, cell BM bare on basal 2/3, and cell CuP and anal lobe bare basally. Alula present, broader than costal cell, bare with microtrichia on anteroapical quarter. Legs: coxae and trochanters black, pro- and mesoleg yellow, yellow pilose; metafemur yellow, metatibia black, yellow on basal 1/4, metabasitarsomere black, yellow apically, remain- der of tarsi yellow.

Abdomen. Petiolate, unmargined. Dorsum mainly black, yellowish-white pilose on tergum 1, black on the remaining; tergum 1 black; tergum 2 with two basolateral yellow maculae and two more yellow maculae submedially; tergum 3 with anterior broad yellow fascia, broader than the half of tergum length; tergum 4 with anterior broad yellow fascia; tergum 5 black ( Figure 7c, d View Figure 7 ); male genitalia black.

Female. Similar to male except normal sexual dimorphism and as follows: frons black, with anterior yellow macula, white pilose, white pollinose except a thin shiny medial line. Pleuron more yellow, lighter; scutellum yellow. Abdominal tergum 1 yellow laterally, tergum 2 with basolateral maculae and medial maculae connected laterally with yellow lateral margins, tergum 5 with two yellow maculae on anterior margin.

Variation. Female from Mt. Garnet is a bit lighter, and it seems to be a teneral specimen.

Length (N = 2). body, 11.3 mm (11 – 11.5 mm); wing, 9.8 mm (9 – 10.5 mm).

Biology

In New South Wales, Australia, a second-instar larva of Asiobaccha notofasciata   was found feeding on Aphis (Aphis) clerodendri   in a pseudogall of Clerodendrum tomentosum   ( Blüthgen 2003; Carver et al. 2003). Blüthgen (2003) indicated that the pupal stage lasted 10 days at 23°C.

Geographical distribution

Species known from New South Wales and Queensland ( Australia)   .

Genetics

The BOLD Process IDs for the DNA barcodes (5 ʹ – COI) for this species are: SYRAU033-15 (specimen CNC373897), SYRAU034-15 (specimen CNC373913), SYRAU035-15 (specimen CNC373916), SYRAU036-15 (specimen CNC373910), and the following specimens: AMK379153, CNC457370, CNC451750, CNC373897, CNC373910, CNC373913, CNC373916, CNC385072, CNC451728, CNC451729 and K410200.

The GenBank accession numbers for this species are: 28S gene ( KM 270822 View Materials , specimen CNC _ JSM218), 18S gene ( KM 270770 View Materials , specimen CNC _ JSM218), protein-coding COI gene ( KM 270853 View Materials , specimen CNC _ JSM218)   .

Etymology

The specific epithet is derived from the Greek notos meaning south ( Brown 1956, p. 731) and the Latin fasciatus meaning ‘ envelop with bands, swathe ’ ( Brown 1956, p. 317), and it refers to Australia and the characteristic abdominal fasciae of this species. Species epithet is to be treated as adjective.

Differential diagnosis

This species has a mesonotal fringe, the face and the scutellum are yellow, and the alula is broader than the costal cell. Asiobaccha notofasciata   has the wing bare basally, including cell R, and the abdominal tergum 4 black with a broad yellow fascia on anterior 1/2, reaching anterior margin, slightly emarginated medially on posterior margin, and tergum 5 black with two basal elongate yellow maculae on anterior margin. It can be distinguished from A. doesburgi   by the abdominal colouration pattern and the contrasting, darker stigma.

Type locality

Australia: Queensland, Hilltop near Kinkin, 26°19 ʹ 7.24 ʹ ‘ S, 152°51 ʹ 18.10 ʹ ’ E   .

Material examined

Type material. Holotype, male, deposited in the Queensland Museum (Brisbane, Australia) and labelled: ‘ Australia: QLD: Hilltop near // Kinkin; 26º19 ’ 7.24 ’’ S // 152º51 ’ 18.10 ’’ E; 14.xi.2014 // J.H. Skevington; // CNC373913 ’, ‘ Legs removed // for DNA // analysis ’ [green] ‘ HOLOTYPE // Asiobaccha   // notofasciata   // Mengual, 2015 ’ [red, handwritten]. Paratypes: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales, 3 km North of Lansdowne via Taree, 23 December 1992, G. Williams [1♂, AMS, AMK 405065];..., Sydney, Lane Cove, 33° 55 ʹ 34.95 ʹʹ S, 151°07 ʹ 33.37 ʹʹ E, August 1988, G.A. Holloway [1♂, AMS, AMK 405060];..., Mooney Mooney Creek, near Gosford, 30 November 1978, D.K. McAlpine, B.J. Day [1♂, AMS, AMK 405069];..., Northmead, 26 January 1963, D.K. McAlpine [1♀, AMS, AMK 405068];..., Pt. Macquarie, 25 August 1941, H.W. Simmonds [1♂, AMS, AMK 405061];..., Turramurra, February 1972, D. Clyne [1♂, AMS, AMK 405062];..., Wilson River Reserve via Bellangry, 28 January 1983, D.K. McAlpine, K.C. Kheo [1♂, AMS, AMK 405066];..., Woronora River, Engadine, December 1985, G.A. Holloway [1♂ 1♀, AMS, AMK 405064, 405067]; Queensland, Brisbane, Forest park, Scrub Creek, 27°25 ’ 41 ’’ S, 152°50 ’ 18 ’’ E, 28 September – 15 October 2002, Malaise, J. Skevington and J.M. Cumming [1♀, CNC];..., 52 km SW by S of Mt. Garnet, 18°03 ʹ S, 144°31 ʹ 12 ʹʹ E, 700 m, 28 May 1977, I.F.B. Common and E.D. Edwards [1♂ 1♀, USNM] (♂ specimen photographed);..., Sanford Valley, Cedar Creek, 27°19 ’ 42 ’’ S, 152°47 ’ 35 ’’ E, 15 April 2000. J. and A. Skevington, M. Mathieson [1♀, CNC, JSM 0218 ‘ J. Skevington Specimen# 20512 ’];..., 2 Km West of Rainbow Beach, 25° 58 ʹ S, 153°09 ʹ E, 24 September 1994, G. and A. Daniels, C.J. Burwell [2♂, AMS, AMK 405124, 405125];..., Caloundra, 22 November 1980, R. Eastwood [1♂ 1♀, AMS, AMK 405117, 405118];..., Enoggera Creek at Scrub Road, Brisbane Forest Park, 20 m, 27°25 ʹ 60 ʹʹ S, 152° 49 ʹ 60 ʹʹ E, 14 March 1998, G. Daniels [1♀, AMS, AMK 405120];..., Eungella National Park, Digging ’ s Road, 21°08 ʹ 35.61 ʹʹ S, 148°29 ʹ 10.69 ʹʹ E, 20 December 2014, J.H., A.M. and A.W. Skevington [1♀, CNC, CNC 385072];..., Finch bay, Cooktown, 15°28 ʹ S, 145°13 ʹ 60 ʹʹ E, 15 May 1989, G. and A. Daniels [1♀, AMS, AMK 405114];..., North Queensland, Forty Mile Scrub, 65 km West of Mount Garnet, 23 April 1976, A. and M. Walford-Huggins [2♂, AMS, AMK 405121, 405123];..., Brisbane, Jamboree Heights, 20 m, 27°33 ʹ S, 152°55 ʹ E, 14 February 1999, G. Daniels [1♀, AMS, AMK 405119];..., North West of Brisbane, Mount Tension Woods, 4 February 1983, G. Daniels [1sp., AMS, AMK 405113];..., near Rainbow Beach, 14 November 1982, G. and A. Daniels [2♂, AMS, AMK 405115, 405116];..., Hilltop near Kinkin, 26°19 ʹ 07.23 ʹʹ S, 152°51 ʹ 18.09 ʹʹ E, 14 November 2014, J.H. Skevington [17♂, CNC, CNC 373915, 373916, 373917, 373914, 373911, 373912, 373918, 373919, 373920, 373910, 373909, 373898, 373899, 373900, 373897, 373896, 373895; 4♂, ZFMK, CNC 373901, 373902, 373907, 373908; 4♂, USNM, CNC 373906, 373905, 373903, 373904];..., 3 km ENE of Benarkin, 26°52 ʹ 30 ʹʹ S, 152°09 ʹ 50.4 ʹʹ E, 10 – 26 April 2010, Monteith, Malaise trap [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222238];..., 28 March – 10 April 2010,... [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222239];..., Blackbutt Range, top, 26°52 ʹ 33.6 ʹʹ S, 152°11 ʹ 31.2 ʹʹ E, 10 – 26 April 2010, Monteith, Malaise trap [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222241];..., Brisbane, 16 September 1937, N.H. Shaw [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220529];..., 4 September 1960, B. Watkins [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220522];..., 1960, Haseler [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220525];..., 1929 [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220527];..., 1951, F. Bollman [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220526];..., 19 February 1961, M.E. Dowe [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220528];..., 19 September 1960, J.K. Conor [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220524];..., Burpengary, 23 May 1966, N. Gardner [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220520];..., Fraser Island, Central Forestry Station, 22 – 30 November 1977, K. Walker [1♂, QM, QM _REG. _NO._T 220521];..., Conondale National Park, 17 – 18 February 1998, J. and A. Skevington [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220549];..., Enoggera Res., site 3, 100 m, 27°27 ʹ S, 152°55 ʹ E, 15 – 18 March 2000, Burwell and Evans, Malaise trap [3♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221479, 221478, 221480];..., 10 November – 21 December 1999,... [2♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221482, 221483];..., 27 January – 15 March 2000,... [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221484];..., 15 – 18 March 2000,... [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221481];..., Eungella National Park, Broken River Picnic Ground, 21°10 ʹ S, 148°25 ʹ E, 24 May 1997, J. and A. Skevington [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220552];..., Eungella National Park, 80 km Northwest of Mackay, 16 – 19 October 1979, A. Hooks, H.E. and M.A. Evans [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220540];..., Ferny Grove, 1928, J. Mann [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220533];..., Great Sandy National Park, Cooloola Section, 25°57 ʹ 15 ʹʹ S, 153°06 ʹ 27 ʹʹ E, 1 – 5 October 1996, S. Winterton, D.K. Yeates, C. Lambkin, [3♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220541, 220542, 220543, 220544];..., 13 km WSW Monto, Hurdle Gully, 350 m, 24°54 ʹ S, 151°00 ʹ E, 20 December 1997, Burwell and Evans [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221476];..., Imbil, 1937 [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220516];..., Lamington NP, IBISCA, 28°12 ʹ 36 ʹʹ S, 153°07 ʹ 37.2 ʹʹ E, 16 December 2008 – 6 January 2009, G. Monteith, Malaise trap [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222242];..., Miva via Gympie, 25°58 ʹ S, 152°30 ʹ E, 15 – 16 October 1996, S. Evans and H. Nahrung, Malaise trap [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222240];..., Montville, Deane [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220532];..., Moreton Island, Mount Tempest Summit, 280 m, 27°09 ʹ S, 153°24 ʹ E, 22 March 1998, J. and A. Skevington [2♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220550, 220551];..., Mount Beerburrum, 22 April 1997, J. Skevington and C. Lambkin [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220550, 220512];..., Brisbane, Mount Cotton, 10 March 1984, S. Johnson [2♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220513, 220514];..., Mount Edwards, 1934, F.A. Perkins [2♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220530, 220531];..., Brisbane Forest Park, Mount Glorious, Scrub Creek Road, 27°25 ʹ S, 152°50 ʹ E, 17 – 24 October 1997, N. Power, Malaise trap [2♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220538, 220539];..., Mount Grenville, 770 m, 28°04 ʹ S, 152°30 ʹ E, 6 April 1997, J. Skevington [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220511];..., 6 April – 24 August 1997, J. Skevington, D. Yeates and C. Lambkin [3♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220546, 220547, 220548];..., Townsville, Mount Stuart, 21 April 1984, S. Johnson [3♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220545, 220515, 220517];..., Mount Tamborine, 16 February 1960, F. A. Perkins [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220523];..., 3 April 1971, A.L. Bishop [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220519];..., East of Cooroy, Mount Tinbeerwah, 26°24 ʹ S, 152°59 ʹ E, 7 November 1998, J. and A. Skevington [4♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220535, 220536, 220537, 220553];..., Southport, 20 February 1960, K. Korboot [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220534];..., Stony Ck., Blue Mt. RF., 260 m, 21°37 ʹ S, 148°59 ʹ E, 3 – 4 October 1999, C.J. Burwell, S.G. Evans [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221485];..., Stony creek, track crossing, 280 m, 21°37 ʹ S, 148°59 ʹ E, 4 October 1999, Burwell and Evans [1♂, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 221477];..., Upper Cedar Creek, Via Samford, 12 April 1963, B.V. Timms [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 220518];..., Brisbane, Windsor, 27°26 ʹ S, 153°01 ʹ E, 18 – 19 September 1999, C.J. Burwell [3♂ 1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 223730, 223731, 223732, 223733];..., 2.9 km SSE of Yarraman, 26°51 ʹ 51 ʹʹ S, 151°59 ʹ 42 ʹʹ E, 28 March – 10 April 2010, Monteith, Malaise trap [1♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222237];..., 12 – 28 March 2010,... [1♂ 3♀, QM, QM _REG._NO._T 222233, 222234, 222235, 222236].

Remarks

Some specimens were identified as Episyrphus   88–16 Thompson, in litt. Pictures of live specimens are available at: http://www.brisbaneinsects.com/brisbane_hoverflies/ SlenderHoverfly.htm

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

QM

Queensland Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Diptera (awaiting allocation)

Genus

Asiobaccha

Loc

Asiobaccha notofasciata Thompson & Mengual

Mengual, Ximo 2016
2016
Loc

Asiobaccha

Mengual X 2015: 398
2015
Loc

Episyrphus (Asiobaccha)

Carver M & Bluthgen N & Grimshaw J & Bellis G 2003: 111
2003
Loc

Episyrphus (Asiobaccha)

Bluthgen N 2003: 71
2003