Drassodella purcelli Tucker, 1923

Mbo, Zingisile & Haddad, Charles R., 2019, A revision of the endemic South African long-jawed ground spider genus Drassodella Hewitt, 1916 (Araneae: Gallieniellidae), Zootaxa 4582 (1), pp. 1-62: 45

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4582.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9DC61794-4BD7-4F6D-BB8C-84D9855C8151

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5662630

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B74F87AB-9E4D-400D-53B3-C87F66DD9A65

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Drassodella purcelli Tucker, 1923
status

 

Drassodella purcelli Tucker, 1923  

Figs 8, 10 View FIGURES 5–17 , 72 View FIGURES 60–77 , 162 View FIGURES 157–171 , 182, 183 View FIGURES 180–183

Drassodella purcelli Tucker, 1923: 311   , fig. 39 (Holotype ♀: SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape Province: Matjiesfontein, 33°13'S, 20°35'E, VIII.1906, leg. W.F. Purcell, SAMC ENW-X 150465 —not examined).

Remarks. Unfortunately the holotype of D. purcelli   could not be located during the current study. This species was identified from material collected close to the type locality using Tucker’s (1923) good illustrations (compare Tucker 1923: fig. 39 with Fig. 182 View FIGURES 180–183 ).

Diagnosis. Females of D. purcelli   are most similar to those of D. quinquelabecula   , but can be recognised by the broad anterior hood with an almost straight anterior margin ( Figs 72 View FIGURES 60–77 , 182 View FIGURES 180–183 ), while narrow and strongly curved in D. quinquelabecula   ( Fig. 73 View FIGURES 60–77 , 184 View FIGURES 184–187 ). The colouration of the two species is also markedly different (compare Figs 162 and 163 View FIGURES 157–171 ). Male unknown.

Description. Female (Anysberg Nature Reserve, NCA 2016/2489). Measurements: CL 1.48, CW 1.20, AL 1.71, AW 0.99, TL 3.18 (2.56–3.18), FL 0.15, SL 0.91, SW 0.91, CH 0.06, AME-AME 0.04, AME-ALE 0.08, ALE-ALE 0.15, PME-PME 0.06, PME-PLE 0.06, PLE-PLE 0.29, PERW 0.37, MOQAW 0.14, MOQPW 0.16, MOQL 0.20.

Length of leg segments: I 1.10 + 0.53 + 0.83 + 0.71 + 0.64 = 3.84, II 1.02 + 0.48 + 0.71 + 0.70 + 0.62 = 3.53, III 0.83 + 0.39 + 0.60 + 0.74 + 0.55 =3.11, IV 1.10 + 0.43 + 0.90 + 1.21 + 0.50 = 4.14.

General appearance as in Fig. 162 View FIGURES 157–171 . Carapace dark-brown, with black mottling radiating from centre; white feathery setae forming upsilon shape medially from eye region towards posterior margin, diverging after fovea. Clypeus height equal to AME diameter; AME smaller than ALE; AME separated by distance equal to 0.66 their diameter, AME separated from ALE by distance equal to 0.33 AME diameter; PME equal to PLE; PME separated by distance equal to their diameter, PME separated from PLE by distance equal to PME diameter. Chelicerae brown; three teeth on promargin, median tooth largest, proximal and distal teeth subequal; two subequal teeth on retromargin, close together. Endites orange, paler at maxillar hair tuft. Labium orange, as long as broad. Sternum orange. Legs yellow-brown, anterior femora with dense black mottling, posterior femora with lateral black mottling only; remaining segments yellow-brown, tarsi yellow. Leg spination: femora: I do 1, II do 1, III pl 1 do 4, IV do 4; patellae: spineless; tibiae: I and II spineless, III pl 1 do 1 rl 2 plv 3 rlv 2 vt 1, IV pl 1 rl 2 rlv 1 vt 1; metatarsi: I spineless, II rl 1, III pl 4 rl 4 plv 2 rlv 2, IV pl 3 rl 3 plv 2 rlv 2 vt 1; palpal spination: femora spineless; patellae rl 1; tibiae do 1 pl 1; tarsi pl 1 do 2 rl 1 rlv 1. Abdomen black, with two pairs of white spots of feathery setae dorsolaterally, third pair of white spots posterolateral side ( Fig. 162 View FIGURES 157–171 ); venter pale. Spinnerets pale. Epigyne with broad deep anterior hood, anterior and posterior margins almost straight, lateral ends directed posteriorly, forming narrow strips; lateral margins of median septum originating at posterior ends of lateral strips of anterior hood, curving twice mesally towards posterior, short posterior section diverging; ST I, ST II and connecting ducts yellow-brown; ST II oval, separated by slightly more than their width, larger than elongate-oval ST I ( Figs 72 View FIGURES 60–77 , 182, 183 View FIGURES 180–183 ).

Material examined. SOUTH AFRICA: GoogleMaps   Western Cape Province: Anysberg Nature Reserve, 33°28.454'S, 20°40.696'E, 660 m a.s.l., 8.IX–8.X.2015, leg. Z. Mbo (pitfall traps, riparian woodland), 2♀ ( NCA 2016 /2489); Matjiesfontein, Farm Jagerskraal, 33°13.418'S, 20°24.763'E, 995 m a.s.l., 18.X.2015, leg. Z. Mbo (hand collecting, under rocks), 1♀ ( NCA 2016 /2757); Touws River station   GoogleMaps , 33°20'S, 20°03'E, IX.1896, leg. W.F. Purcell, 2♀ (SAMC ENW-X003971).

Distribution. Known from four localities in the Western Cape, South Africa ( Fig. 188 View FIGURE 188 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gallieniellidae

Genus

Drassodella

Loc

Drassodella purcelli Tucker, 1923

Mbo, Zingisile & Haddad, Charles R. 2019
2019
Loc

Drassodella purcelli

Tucker, R. W. E. 1923: 311
1923