Campylopus surinamensis Müll. Hal.,

J. Florschutz-de Waard, H. R. Zielman & M. A. Bruggeman- Nannenga, 2011, Flora of the Guianas, Series C, fascicle 2., Kew: Kew Publishing: 12

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Campylopus surinamensis Müll. Hal.


12. Campylopus surinamensis Müll. Hal.  , Linnaea 2 1 2 186. l 848. Type: Suriname, near Paramaribo, Kegel 516 (GOET, PC).

Campylopus gracilicaulis  Mitt. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 12: 83. l869. Type: Brazil, Rio Negro, Spruce 60 (NY).

Description see Musci I in Fl. Suriname 6: 75 1964.

Distribution: SE U.S.A., West Indies, C America, tropical S America.

Ecology: Terrestrial on sand, clay or organic debris; in the Guianas rather common on granitic rockplateaus and in low savanna vegetations.

Note This species is easy to recognize in its full-grown form by the comal tuft of spreading leaves at the end of an elongate stem with appressed leaves. Young plants, consisting of a low rosette, occasionally with only the distantly foliate stem, are sometimes difficult to identify. For differences with the closely related C. angustiretis  see under that species. In Musci I Campylopus arenicola (Müll. Hal.)  Mitt. was listed as a synonym, but in View of the lamellae at the back of the costa it should be considered a young form of C. trachyblepharon (Frahm 1991)  .