Leptocera rhadinofulva Buck

Buck, Matthias & Marshall, Stephen A., 2009, Revision of New World Leptocera Olivier (Diptera, Sphaeroceridae), Zootaxa 2039 (1), pp. 1-139: 112-116

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2039.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BB4C084E-FFA0-A749-0CE0-FA6FFE7DA3BA

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Leptocera rhadinofulva Buck
status

new species

Leptocera rhadinofulva Buck   , new species

( Figs. 260–266 View FIGURES 260–266 )

Description. Very similar to L. fulva   , with the following differences ( Figs. 260–263 View FIGURES 260–266 ): Posterior section of surstylus yellow (medium to dark brown in L. fulva   ), with long medial bristle slightly more tapered apically; bristles of apical series with fine tips, mostly slender but increasing in robustness toward apical bristle which is stout. Male cercus distinctly longer than in L. fulva   , clearly surpassing apex of posterior section of surstylus, base wider and with somewhat angulate inner margin (base of cercus not widened in L. fulva   , with inner margin nearly straight).

Female terminalia ( Figs. 264–266 View FIGURES 260–266 ) similar to L. fulva   but sternite 7 less produced posteromedially (at most as in Fig. 266 View FIGURES 260–266 , usually less).

Type material. Holotype ♂ ( MUSM) and 118 ♂♂, 92 ♀♀ paratypes ( DEBU, MUSM): PERU, Dpto. Madre de Dios, Los Amigos Biol. Stn., 2–14.vi.2006, Paiero & Klymko. Other paratypes: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same but 3–13.vi.2006, malaise ( DEBU). Paraguay. Dpto. Guairá: 2 ♀♀, Villarrica, 17–28.xii.1950, Foerster ( IMLA).  

ARGENTINA. Prov. Formosa   : 1 ♂, Misión Laishí, 13–15.xii.1948 ( IMLA)   . Prov. Misiones: 1 ♀, Oberá, 9.xi.1949, M.L. Aczél ( IMLA)   ; 1 ♂, Santa Ana, M.L. Aczél ( IMLA)   . Prov. Salta: 1 ♀, Aguaray, 14–19.ii.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Urundel, 25–31.i.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 2 ♀♀, Tartagal, 7–11.ii.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   . Prov. Tucumán: Lacavera, 9 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, 23–28.xi.1951, 1 ♂, 23–26.xii.1951, Aczél & Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 1 ♀, Dique Cadillal, 16–29.i.1957, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 1 ♀, Villa Padre Monti, 17.i–7.ii.1948, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   .

Other material examined. PERU. Dpto. Cusco: 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, Quince Mil , 700 m, 1–15.xi.1962, L.E. Peña  

( CNCI). Dpto. Junín: 1 ♂, Perené, R.C. Shannon ( USNM). Dpto. Loreto: 1 ♀, nr. Iquitos , 20.iii.2001   , W.

Reeves ( DEBU). Dpto. Loreto   : 1 ♀, Teniente López , 26.vii.1993, riv. forest, FIT, R. Leschen ( DEBU)   . Dpto. Madre de Dios   : 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀, Manú , 400 m, 26–30.x.1962, L.E. Peña ( CNCI)   ; 1 ♀, Manú Natl. Pk., Cocha Cashu Biol. Stn. , 380 m, 11°55’S, 77°18’W, no date, D.C. Darling ( ROME) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same but 20.viii.1986, tropical evergreen forest, screen sweep ( ROME)   , 1 ♀, same but 12–20.ix.1986, primary rain forest, malaise, K. Petren ( ROME)   . VENEZUELA. State uncertain   : 3 ♀♀, “Grand Sabana” [=? Sabana Grande ], 27.xii.1987, edge, malaise, M. Sanborne ( DEBU)   . Aragua: 1 ♀, El Limón, Pozo del Diablo , 570 m, 13.iv.1994, L. Masner ( DEBU)   . Barinas: 1 ♀, Caipe , i.1943, P. Anduze ( USNM)   . Lara: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Yacambú , 1,200 m, 7 and 10.v.1981, H. Townes ( DEBU)   . Mérida: 1 ♂, La Punta, Río Chana , 25.iv.1988, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   . Trujillo: 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, E of Boconó , 1,250 m, 1.iii.1994, roadside creek, open area, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   . Zulia: 6 ♂♂, 14 ♀♀, Sierra de Perija , El Tucuco, 200 m, 20–23.iv.1981, primary rain forest, Townes & Masner ( DEBU, IZAV)   . ECUADOR. Prov. Napo   : 1 ♂, 6 ♀♀, Coca, Río Napo, 250 m, various dates: 12.iv–30.v.1965, L.E. Peña ( CNCI)   ; 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, Yasuní Natl. Pk., Yasuní Res. Stn. , 3–20.xi.1998, rain forest, malaise, Pape & Viklund ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, Limoncocha , 9.vi.1977, malaise, Spangler & Givens ( USNM)   . Prov. Pichincha   : 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Río Palenque Res. Stn. 47 km S Santo Domingo, 1.v.1987, light, B.V. Brown ( DEBU)   . Prov. Zamora   : 2 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Río Jamboe , 1,200 m, 1–2.iv.1965, L.E. Peña ( CNCI)   . BRAZIL. Mato Grosso: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Cuiabá, São Gerônimo , 12.v.1990, BPF group ( MZSP)   . Minas Gerais: 13 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀, Prados , 21.ii.1990, sweep along river, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU, MZSP)   ; 4 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, Ribeirão Riacho nr. Prados , 24.ii.1990, floodplain, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 4 ♀♀, Congonhas , 22.ii.1990, sweep along creek, horse dung, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   . Paraná: 2 ♀♀, Curitiba, nr. Nat. Hist. Museum , 5.ii.1990, mata, under fallen epiphyte, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, Morretes 5 km S Sapidontuva, 9.ii.1990, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 6 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Londrina, Parque Arthur Thomas , 1 and 2.ii.1990, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same but 2.ii.1990, fungi ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, same but 29.i–1.ii.1990, pan traps /fungi ( DEBU)   ; 6 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Londrina , 29.i.1990, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU, MZSP)   ; Rio de Janeiro: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 10 km S Nova   Friburgo, Sitio Edelweiss , 27.i.1990, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; same but 1 ♂, 26–27.i.1990, 1 ♀, 1–23.ii.1990, malaise ( DEBU)   ; 13 ♂♂, 9 ♀♀, Nova Friburgo, [13 km W] Lumiar, Poço Feio , 26.i.1990, sweep nr. falls (dirty), S.A. Marshall ( DEBU, MZSP)   . Santa Catarina: 1 ♂, Nova Teutônia   , 300–500 m, 27°11'S, 52°23'W, vii.1977, F. Plaumann ( FMNH) GoogleMaps   . São Paulo: 21 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, São Paulo, Jaraguá , 8.ii.1990, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU, MZSP)   . BOLIVIA. Dpto. El Beni   : 1 ♂, Ivón , ii.1921 –22, W.M. Mann ( USNM)   . Dpto. La Paz   : 1 ♀, Ixiamas , xii.1921, W.M. Mann ( USNM)   ; 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, Puerto Villa, Yungas , 1,200 m, 12–20.xii.1955, L.E. Peña ( CNCI)   ; 6 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, Coroico , Yungas de la Paz, 1,100 –1,600 m, 6–7.i.1976, L.E. Peña ( CNCI) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Santa Bárbara N Coroico, Yungas , 1,100 m, 4–5.i.1976, L.E. Peña ( CNCI)   ; 1 ♀, 0.5 km SE Coroico , 16°11'S, 67°44'W, 15.iv.2001, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   ; 8 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, San Juanito nr. Teoponte , 500 m, 15°29'42"S, 67°47'48"W, 8.iv.2001, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU, CBFC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, ca. 10 km NW Caranavi , road to ENTEL tower, 1,400 m, 15°46'35"S, 67°35'48"W, 13.iv.2001, dung pan, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀, Arroyo Tuhiri W Mapiri , 15°17'27"S, 68°15'29"W, 10.iv.2001, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 23 km NE Caranavi , 14.iv.2001, roadside/stream, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, Coroico, 36 km NE on Caranavi Rd. , 7–15.iv.2001, pan traps, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   . Dpto. Santa Cruz: 2 ♀♀, Est. Exp. Agric. de los Llanos General Saavedra , 11.ii.1959, J.F.G. Clarke ( USNM)   ; 1 ♀, Perseverancia, Salitral , 24–28.ix.1996, Rossi & Bettella ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, Pampa Grande , swamp, 2.x.1996, Bettella & Rossi ( DEBU)   ; 2 ♀♀, Acite Cuevo 12 km W Boyuibe, 890 m, 20°23’2"S, 63°24'13"W, 18.viii–2.ix.2000, malaise, Irwin & Hauser ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂♂, 8 ♀♀, Quebrada Isiri , 20 km S Camiri, 865 m, 20°10'28"S, 63°28'43"W, malaise, Irwin & Hauser ( DEBU, CBFC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Campo Guairuy , 24 km S Camiri, 870 m, 20°11'49"S, 63°28'33"W, malaise, Irwin & Hauser ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   ; 6 ♂♂, 8 ♀♀, 11 km W Boyuibe , 940 m, 20°23'45"S, 63°22'10"W, malaise, Irwin & Hauser ( DEBU, CBFC) GoogleMaps   . PARAGUAY. Dpto. Central   : 1 ♀, Luque , 13.vii.1961, N.L.H. Krauss ( USNM)   ; 2 ♀♀, Asunción, vii.1961, N.L.H. Krauss, and 6.x.1980, D.C. Lowrie ( USNM)   ; 1 ♀, Areguá 20 mi E Asunción, 16.viii.1980, D.C. Lowrie ( USNM)   . Dpto. Caazapá   : 15 ♂♂, 38 ♀♀, Hermosa, San Rafael Res., prop. López family, 90 m, 26°19'15"S, 55°44'55"W, 3–6.xii.2000, FIT, Z.H. Falin ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same but 80 m, 26°18'29"S, 55°45’3"W, 1–3.xii.2000 ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   . Dpto. Guairá   : 1 ♂, 1 specimen, Villarrica , 17–28.xii.1950, Foerster ( IMLA)   ; Villarrica   , 1 ♀, x.1939, 1 ♂, ii[?].1940, F. Schade ( USNM)   . Dpto. Itapúa   : 1 ♀, Karonay , 17 km W San Rafael Res., 90–110 m, 26°45'53"S, 55°50'37"W, 18–21.xi.2000, FIT, Z.H. Falin ( DEBU) GoogleMaps   . ARGENTINA. Prov. Corrientes   : 3 ♂♂, Corrientes, 23.ii.1927, R.C. Shannon ( USNM)   . Prov. Formosa   : 2 ♀♀, Misión Laishí , 13–15.xii.1948 ( IMLA)   . Prov. Jujuy   : 1 ♂, 6 ♀♀, Calilegua Natl. Pk., Aguas Negras , 500 m, 18–28.xii.1987, gallery forest, malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀, same but 550 m, campgr., forest ( DEBU)   ; 2 ♂♂, 22 ♀♀, Calilegua Natl. Pk., Estación El Cero , 900 m, 18–28.xii.1987, forest, malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♂, 12 ♀♀, Calilegua Natl. Pk., El Cortadeval km 6, 800 m, 18–28.xii.1987, forest, malaise, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 6 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀, Calilegua Natl. Pk., Mirador , 600 m, 18–28.xii.1987, forest, malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 2 ♂♂, Zapla , 10.iv.1927, R.C. Shannon ( USNM)   . Prov. Misiones   : 36 ♂♂, 29 ♀♀, 5 km E Puerto “Iguazo” [= Iguazú ], 3.ii.1992, swept by small stream, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 11 ♂♂, 13 ♀♀, same but 1–6.ii.1992, malaise/sweep ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, Oberá , 9.xi.1949, M.L. Aczél ( IMLA)   ; 1 ♂, Santa Ana, M.L. Aczél ( IMLA)   . Prov. Salta   : 8 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, Rosario de Lerma , 24 and 29.ii.1992, hedgerow ditch or foul mud/vegetation, sweeping, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, Rosario de Lerma , INESALT yard, 16–28.ii.1992, malaise, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, Cañada La Gotera (15 km W Chicoana), 19.ii.1992, wet litter, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♂, same but 16–28.ii.1992, forest remnant ( DEBU)   ; 10 ♂♂, 12 ♀♀, 40 km N Salta, [La Caldera], Camino La Cornisa , 1,500 m, 27.ii.1992, roadside forest, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♂, 17 km N La Caldera, Alto de la Sierra , 1,550 m, 2–30.xii.1987, subtropical humid forest, malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 1 ♀, 22 km N La Caldera, El Ucumar , 1,550 m, 2–30.xii.1987, subtropical humid forest, malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 2 ♂♂, Sumalao , 19.ii.1992, wet muddy area along field, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 5 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, 30 km E Salta, Campo Quijano , [El Alisal], 18 and 20.ii.1992, forest vestige, sweep, S.A. Marshall ( DEBU)   ; 21 ♂♂, 59 ♀♀, El Rey Natl. Pk., Río La Sala , 900 m, 5–10.xii.1987, open stream in forest, malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 3 ♀♀, same except 5–15.xii.1987, humid mossy Chaco forest ( DEBU)   ; 33 ♂♂, 52 ♀♀, El Rey Natl. Pk., Pozo Verde Trail   km 7, 1,000 m, 5–15.xii.1987, Yungas forest , malaise/FIT, S. & J. Peck ( DEBU)   ; 2 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀, same except Pozo Verde Trail   km 5, 950 m ( DEBU)   ; 3 ♀♀, El Rey Natl. Pk. , 5–15.xii.1987, [S. & J. Peck] ( DEBU)   ; 7 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, Tartagal , 7–11.ii.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 4 ♂♂, Aguaray , 14–19.ii.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 2 ♂♂, Embarcación , 2–6.ii.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   . Prov. Tucumán   : 1 ♂, Lacavera, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; Quebrada Cainzo, 1 ♂, 18–19.xi.1950, 1 ♂, 18–19.xii.1950, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 4 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, Dique Cadillal , 16–29.i.1957, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 3 ♀♀, Villa Padre Monti , 17.i–7.ii(iii).1948, R. Golbach ( IMLA)   ; 2 ♂♂, Arroyo El Caleo W Alpachiri , 1,000 m, 1.x.1968, L.E. Peña ( CNCI)   .

Etymology. The species name refers to the slender, tapered bristles of the apical series of the posterior portion of the surstylus (Gr. rhadinos: slender, tapering).

Distribution. Widespread in tropical South America from Venezuela and Ecuador (east of the Andes) to northern Argentina below 1,600 m.

Discussion. The differences with regard to L. fulva   are mentioned in the description. See also Discussion under L. prolixofulva   sp.n.

DEBU

Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph

IMLA

Fundacion e Instituto Miguel Lillo

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

ROME

Royal Ontario Museum - Entomology

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History