Zagrammosoma metallicum Perry

Perry, Ryan K. & Heraty, John M., 2021, Read between the lineata: A revision of the tattooed wasps, Zagrammosoma Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), with descriptions of eleven new species, Zootaxa 4916 (1), pp. 1-108: 74-76

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4916.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:803ED7FD-4A09-44F4-AAE2-6F70A0509E86

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4467534

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BC53327A-FFF3-6C7D-25CF-FA3DD119C3A0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Zagrammosoma metallicum Perry
status

n. sp.

Zagrammosoma metallicum Perry   n. sp.

( Fig. 32 View FIGURE 32 )

Diagnosis. This species is distinguished by the dark metallic luster on the body, almost appearing iridescent. No other described species of Zagrammosoma   possess metallic luster ( Z. lineaticeps   occasionally has a shiny and reflective gaster, however, it is not metallic). Zagrammosoma metallicum   is most similar in appearance to Z. lineaticeps   but can be separated by the different wing patterns ( Fig. 28C View FIGURE 28 versus 32C), and yellow stripes dorsally on the mesoscutum. In Z. lineaticeps   , these stripes are thinner and only found on the pronotum ( Fig. 28D View FIGURE 28 ), whereas the stripes in Z. metallicum   are wider and extend from the pronotum to the posterior margin of the mesoscutum ( Fig. 32D, E View FIGURE 32 ).

Description. Female - body length 1.38–2.48 mm. Metallic luster on body present. Scape yellow with black stripe dorsally. Lower face with median stripe present. Vertex with 2 stripes above compound eye. Gena posteriorly with wide, dark band below compound eye and small yellow spot/stripe adjacent to ventral margin of eye. Occiput yellow with wide, dark band. Pronotum black with yellow lateral stripe in dorsal view; laterally with one dark band. Prepectus yellow with dark stripe along dorsal margin. Mesoscutum black with yellow lateral stripe in dorsal view. Mesoscutellum black. Propodeum black. Procoxa and mesocoxa yellow. Metacoxa yellow, basally dark; Profemur and mesofemur yellow. Metafemur black. Fore wing: basal band absent; cubital band present; parastigmal, stigmal, and postmarginal bands present, with perpendicular extension greater than that of stigmal apex; connections from parastigmal band to stigmal band and from stigmal band to postmarginal band present. Hind wing hyaline. Gaster black.

Upper ocular sulcus present. Pedicel longer than wide. Funiculars symmetrical: first longer than wide (w:l = 0.67–0.86); second subequal or wider than long (w:l = 1.0–1.15).

Pronotum, in dorsal view, bell-shaped (w:l = 1.12–1.34); 3–4 pairs of setae along posterior margin. Mesoscutum reticulate; small, scattered setae present; intermediate setae absent. Mesoscutellum longer than wide (w:l = 0.89–0.94); submedian grooves absent. Hind tibial spur distinctly shorter than basitarsus. Hind basitarsus subequal or longer than second tarsomere (bst:2 nd = 1.0–1.17).

Fore wing l:w = 2.34–2.65. Submarginal vein with 5–7 setae dorsally. Basal fold setose. Cubital fold setose. Admarginal setae present. Uncus originating on stigma by more than own length from stigmal apex.

Male - as female, except: body length 0.84–1.04 mm; mesosoma and gaster dark brown to black; connection from stigmal band to postmarginal band absent or present.

Remarks. This species is the exception to the rule regarding metallic coloration in the genus. The yellow is the same hue as that found in the other species of Zagrammosoma   that are predominantly dark, so it remains unclear as why only this species is metallic.

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Nearctic: USA (CA, TX) ( Fig. 33 View FIGURE 33 ).

Etymology. Metallicus is Latin for metallic. The metallic luster makes this species the rockstar of the genus, with a name not unlike a certain rock band.

Type Material. Holotype: USA: Texas: Brewster Co., Big Bend Natl. Park, Rosillos Mtn., 1554–1600m, 29°31’55”N, 103°14’37”W, 16.iv.1991, J. B. Woolley, 91/023 [1♀, UCRCENT426797 (D4569)], deposited at TAMU GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: USA: California: Orange Co., Laguna Canyon , 79m, 33°35’9”N, 117°45’48”W, 31.viii.1984, H. Andersen [1♁ 4♀, UCRC: UCRCENT414618–21 View Materials , 414595 View Materials ] GoogleMaps   . San Diego Co., Valley Center , 417m, 33°13’18”N, 117°02’6”W, 11.xi.1987, H. Andersen [3♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312245–312247 View Materials ] GoogleMaps   . Texas: Brewster Co., Big Bend Natl. Park, Cottonwood Cpgd. , 651m, 29°08’15”N, 103°31’17”W, 13–14.vii.1982, G. A. P. Gibson [4♁, CNC: CNC508681–84 View Materials ] GoogleMaps   . Presidio Co., Presidio , 29°33’39”N, 104°22’19”W, xi.1954, J. H. Russell [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT471436 View Materials ] GoogleMaps   .

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History