Subulicystidium fusisporum Ordynets & K.H.Larss., Ordynets & K. H. Larss., 2018

Ordynets, Alexander, Scherf, David, Pansegrau, Felix, Denecke, Jonathan, Lysenko, Ludmila, Larsson, Karl-Henrik & Langer, Ewald, 2018, Short-spored Subulicystidium (Trechisporales, Basidiomycota): high morphological diversity and only partly clear species boundaries, MycoKeys 35, pp. 41-99: 41

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.35.25678

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C05E3A18-9EBE-B626-EE29-5630C008CB14

treatment provided by

MycoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Subulicystidium fusisporum Ordynets & K.H.Larss.
status

sp. nov.

Subulicystidium fusisporum Ordynets & K.H.Larss.   sp. nov. Figs 4a-c View Figure 4 ; 10e View Figure 10

Diagnosis.

Differs from Subulicystidium longisporum   (Pat.) Parmasto by fusiform basidiospores which are ca. 10-13 µm long and 2.5-3.5 µm broad.

Type.

PUERTO RICO. Municipio Rio Grande, Luquillo Mts, El Verde Research Area , between Field Station and 16-hectare grid, 320-380 m, 18.3233, -65.8172, on fallen tree log, 9 Jun 1998, K.-H.Larsson ( KHL 10360 in View Materials GB) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology.

fusisporum (Lat.), having fusiform basidiospores.

Description.

Basidiomata   annual, effused, resupinate, soft and fragile, arachnoid, thin, loosely adnate. Hymenophore smooth, finely velutinous due to numerous protruding cystidia, whitish. Margin thinning out, adnate.

system monomitic. All septa with clamps. Subiculum thin, with loosely interwoven richly branched hyphae 2.5-3.5 µm wide, usually thin-walled, hyaline and smooth. Subhymenium thin, with hyphae slightly broader than in subiculum, 2.7-4 µm wide, compactly arranged, often slightly thick-walled and covered with hyaline crystalline sheath. Cystidia   subulate, 65-90 × 3.5-5 µm including encrustation, projecting up to 40 µm, without or occasionally with basal swelling (up to 6 µm wide), terminal, with thick hyaline cell wall and outer hyaline crystalline sheath covering the whole cystidium except the thin-walled, acuminate apex. Crystal protrusions on cystidium are small to moderately large and clearly rectangular and arranged in longitudinal rows.

Basidia suburniform, 12-14 × 4.5-6 µm, thin-walled, with 4 sterigmata and a basal clamp, often with a hyaline crystal collar at the base. Basidiospores fusiform, L=(9.7-)10.7-12.8(-13.3) µm, W=(2.1-)2.4-3.4(-3.7) µm, Q= (3.0-)3.3-4.9(-5.9), N=127/3, with minute apiculus, smooth, thin-walled, hyaline, occasionally with oil drops, negative in Melzer’s reagent. Tolerance limits for basidiospore length, width and length to width ratio in S. fusisporum   based on 3 sequenced specimens are provided in the Table 2.

Additional specimens examined.

COSTA RICA. Puntarenas: Coto Brus, Sabalito, Zona Protectora Las Tablas , La Neblina , 8.9149, -82.7719, on stem of angiosperm tree, 5 Nov 2004, K.-H.Larsson ( KHL 12761 in View Materials GB) GoogleMaps   . CÔTE D’IVOIRE. Abidjan: Foret du Banco , 5.3932, -4.0525, on dead wood, 6 Jul 1974, G.Gilles (LY 7375) GoogleMaps   . JAMAICA. Cornwall County: Trelawny parish, N of Crowlands , trail/road into park area, 18.2611, -77.6511, on stem of angiosperm tree, 10 Jun 1999, K.-H.Larsson ( KHL 10612 in View Materials GB) GoogleMaps   . PUERTO RICO. Municipio Rio Grande, Luquillo Mts, El Verde Research Area , between Field Station and 16-hectare grid, 320-380 m, 18.3233, -65.8172, on strongly decayed stem of angiosperm tree, 19 Jun 1996, K.-H.Larsson (KHL 9093 in GB), on uprooted angiosperm tree, 19 Jun 1996, K.-H.Larsson (KHL 9061 in GB) GoogleMaps   .

Remarks on species.

Amongst the species considered in this study, S. fusisporum   is the most probable to be confused with S. longisporum   . However, careful measurement of basidiospores (length below 13 µm, see Fig. 10e View Figure 10 vs. 10g) and rDNA sequence identity clearly point to the species of its own. The regular rectangular shape of crystal protrusion as well as their dense arrangement in longitudinal rows on cystidia in S. fusisporum   is also prominent.