Chaetonotus

Kånneby, Tobias, 2013, New species and records of freshwater Chaetonotus (Gastrotricha: Chaetonotidae) from Sweden, Zootaxa 3701 (5), pp. 551-588: 584-585

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3701.5.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:472882BF-6499-47D3-A242-A8D218BE2DFD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C1146C7C-4C1E-FFA3-02CD-C6111F37FD5F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Chaetonotus
status

 

Chaetonotus   (Z.) succinctus   Voigt, 1902

( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 )

Localities: Artificial pond, Nybro, Småland (N 56 º 44 ’ 89 ’’; E 15 º 54 ’ 27 ’’), June 28, 2008.

Material: 1 specimen.

TL, 192 µm; FL, 40 µm; AL, 27 µm; PhL, 43 µm; MD, ~ 6 µm; CW, 18 µm; TNC, 16–18; DC, 8–9; DR, 24– 26; VLC, 8–9; HS, 4 x 3 µm; NS, 5– 6 x NA µm; DS, 6– 8 x 4–5 µm; DSp, 12–20 µm; Gsp, 63–66 µm; VC, ~ 20.

Head clearly five-lobed with two pairs of cephalic sensory ciliary tufts; the posterior pair with longer cilia than the anterior pair. Cephalion and pleurae well developed. Hypostomium absent. Two pairs of dorsal sensory bristles (Schwank 1990), posterior pair emerging from sub-triangular double-keeled scales at U 79. Furca straight to weakly tong-shaped with adhesive tubes constituting almost 3 / 4 of the total furca length. Anterior dorsal surface covered by small polygonal keeled scales with a very short simple spine. A little less than halfway down the body (U 45), 9 long simple spines anchored by small polygonal scales form a transversal girdle. Posterior dorsal trunk surface covered by rounded to oval or weakly three-lobed keeled scales, which decrease in size at the base of the furca. A pair of long (43 µm) simple lateral spines inserted at U 71. A pair of long (58 µm) simple parafurcal spines that greatly overshoot the furca, inserted at U 82. Five short simple spines can be seen between the furcal branches, the outer pair originates from ventral scales.

The ventral surface of the pharynx region covered with approximately 14 transverse scale plates. The rest of the ventral interciliary area covered by numerous small oval keeled scales. Ventral ciliation in two separate longitudinal bands that divide on the head.

Mouth subterminal. Pharynx muscular with large posterior swelling. PhIJ at U 26. Intestine straight with anus at U 76.

The Swedish specimen was an adult in parthenogenetic phase. It agrees well with diagnostic characters presented in the literature. One exception is that the scales in the trunk region are smaller than previously reported, and they apparently do not overlap. Moreover, the anterior pair of dorsal sensory cilia could not be seen in the Swedish specimen.

Previously reported from Bulgaria (Valkanov 1937), Germany (Voigt 1902), Norway (Schwank 1990), Poland (Roszczak 1968), Romania (Rudescu 1967), Russia (Preobrajenskaja 1926), Brazil (Kisielewski 1991), Japan (Saito 1937), Korea (Lee & Chang 2000), USA (Weiss 2001).